Islamic University of Gaza Faculty of Nursing. Growth and Development Nurs. 321 Second lecture. Ali Hassan Abu Ryala 2010-2011. Biophysical Development Theory Arnold Gesell (1880-1961). Arnold Gesell Theory. Arnold Gesell was psychologist
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Growth and Development
Ali Hassan Abu Ryala
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Stage one: Oral (birth – 12mounths)
Stage two: Anal (1-3 yrs)
Stage three: Phallic or Oedipal (3-6yrs)
Stage four: Latency (6-11yrs)
Stage five: Gentile (Puberty thru Adolescence):
These stages must be satisfied enough, if satisfied the person will become emotionally mature if no the person will find difficulty and unresolved conflicts at any stage appears through dreams or thoughts and inappropriate emotions.
Weakness of Freud theory
Erik Erikson 1902-1994
"The individual change from stage to other stage by achieving development tasks of each stage"
Psychosocial Stage 1 - Trust vs. Mistrust
Psychosocial Stage 2 - Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Psychosocial Stage 3 - Initiative vs. Guilt
Psychosocial Stage 4 - Industry vs. Inferiority
Psychosocial Stage 5 - Identity vs. Confusion
Psychosocial Stage 6 - Intimacy vs. Isolation
Psychosocial Stage 7 - Generatively vs. Stagnation
Psychosocial Stage 8 - Integrity vs. Despair
Thank You All