Art of native americans of the pacific northwest
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Art of Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest. Chief Shakes tribal house, Wrangell Alaska. The four house posts are among the oldest in Alaska. Tlingit totem pole and community house in Totem Bight State Park, Ketchikan, Alaska. Tlinglit totem pole at the Sitka National Heritage Park.

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Art of native americans of the pacific northwest l.jpg
Art of Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest


Chief shakes tribal house wrangell alaska the four house posts are among the oldest in alaska l.jpg

Chief Shakes tribal house, Wrangell Alaska. The four house posts are among the oldest in Alaska.



Tlinglit totem pole at the sitka national heritage park l.jpg
Tlinglit totem pole at the Sitka National Heritage Park Park, Ketchikan, Alaska.

Full-size poles are carved from red cedar trees because:

  • It is easy to carve,

  • It doesn’t warp,

  • It grows tall and straight,

  • It is highly insect and disease resistant, and

  • It smells good!

    What animals do you think are represented in these totems?


David boxley tsimshian totem pole carver working on a pole metlakatla alaska l.jpg
David Boxley, Tsimshian totem pole carver, working on a pole, Metlakatla,Alaska.

Lawrence Migdale Photography


The people of metlakatla raise the totem pole in celebration of the potlatch l.jpg
The people of Metlakatla raise the totem pole in celebration of the Potlatch.

Lawrence Migdale Photography


Slide7 l.jpg

Northern-style dugout canoe with painted figures on prow and sternProbably from Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, late nineteenth century.

Cedar Canoes

  • Some tribes hunted for food in the sea.

  • They built great seagoing canoes.

  • Some were more than 60 feet long.

  • They often carved elaborate pictures and painted designs on their canoes.


Slide8 l.jpg

The only surviving Haida war canoe, 17 m (56 feet) in length with a beam of nearly 2 m (6 feet). Collected at Masset in 1908 by Reverend William Hogan and R. W. Brock.


Slide9 l.jpg
Alfred Davidson of Masset, shown carving the canoe that was commissioned for the 1904 Seattle world's fair.

Photograph by Edward Sapir, 1914.


A bear crest from the prow of a haida war canoe collected on haida gwaii in 1879 by israel w powell l.jpg
A Bear crest from the prow of a Haida war canoe. commissioned for the 1904 Seattle world's fair.Collected on Haida Gwaii in 1879 by Israel W. Powell.

  • This is an animal crest from the prow of a Haida war canoe.

  • Figures like this were added for ceremonial occasions and removed for battle.


A deep bentwood food dish collected at skidegate in 1897 by charles f newcombe l.jpg
A deep bentwood food dish. commissioned for the 1904 Seattle world's fair.Collected at Skidegate in 1897 by Charles F. Newcombe.

  • The design on this bentwood box, originally painted in black and red, is that of a Whale with Nansimget hanging onto its head.

  • Large feast dishes like this one could hold an entire 50-pound roasted salmon.


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A bentwood food dish with its commissioned for the 1904 Seattle world's fair.cover of woven cedar bark.Collected in Skidigate circa 1900 by Charles F. Newcombe.


Burial chest and regalia of chief skowl kasaan alaska photograph by albert p niblack 1883 l.jpg
Burial chest and regalia of Chief Skowl, Kasaan, Alaska. commissioned for the 1904 Seattle world's fair.Photograph by Albert P. Niblack, 1883


Transformation mask collected on haida gwaii probably at skidegate in 1879 by israel w powell l.jpg
Transformation mask. commissioned for the 1904 Seattle world's fair.Collected on Haida Gwaii (probably at Skidegate) in 1879 by Israel W. Powell.


Slide15 l.jpg
Transformation mask, closed and open. commissioned for the 1904 Seattle world's fair.Collected on Haida Gwaii (probably at Skidegate) in 1879 by Israel W. Powell.


Whale transformation mask collected on haida gwaii in 1879 by israel w powell l.jpg
Whale transformation mask. commissioned for the 1904 Seattle world's fair.Collected on Haida Gwaii in 1879 by Israel W. Powell.

Closed

Half-open


Whale transformation mask collected on haida gwaii in 1879 by israel w powell17 l.jpg
Whale transformation mask. commissioned for the 1904 Seattle world's fair.Collected on Haida Gwaii in 1879 by Israel W. Powell.

  • Masks were the most valued possessions of the people.

  • Although many thousands of the masks still exist, no two have been found to be exactly alike.


Native mask raven by stan c hunt c2007 l.jpg
Native Mask - Raven commissioned for the 1904 Seattle world's fair. by Stan C Hunt C2007

  • The Raven is one of the most important beings in Northwest art.

  • He is known to be a Trickster and Transformer.

  • This mask is carved from red cedar and finished of with a cedar bark skirt.


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