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Sustainable Integrated Pest Management for Tomato

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Sustainable Integrated Pest Management for Tomato. Norm Leppla, Jennifer Gillett & Heidi HansPetersen UF, IFAS Statewide IPM Program. IPM for Florida Tomato Growers. Overview of IPM Florida Program Sustainable Pest Management Tomato & Pepper Growers Guide Grant opportunities.

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slide1

Sustainable Integrated Pest Management for Tomato

Norm Leppla, Jennifer Gillett &

Heidi HansPetersen

UF, IFAS Statewide IPM Program

ipm for florida tomato growers
IPM for Florida Tomato Growers
  • Overview of IPM Florida Program
  • Sustainable Pest Management
  • Tomato & Pepper Growers Guide
  • Grant opportunities
slide3

IPM Florida provides statewide, interdisciplinary and inter-unit coordination and assistance for UF, IFAS integrated pest management research, extension and education faculty.

slide4

IPM Florida Website

  • About IPM Florida
  • Contact Us
  • What is IPM
  • Success Stories
  • Projects Reports
  • Extension Resources
  • Training
  • Planning
  • Scouting
  • Pest Identification
  • Tactics
  • Measuring IPM
  • Invasive Species
  • GMOs
  • Soil Quality
  • Water Quality/BMPs
  • Funding
  • Employment
  • Events
  • Our Listserv
  • Related Links
  • Site Map

Recent Additions

Ask Extension

tactics of ipm

Tactics of IPM

Sustainability

Cultural Practices

Biological Control

Chemical Control

Physical Methods

slide6

Sustainability of IPM

  • Economics
  • Natural resources
  • Human welfare
  • Environmental stewardship
historical pest management triangle
Historical Pest Management Triangle
  • Pesticides and application costs are nearly 25% of tomato grower’s expenses
  • Pesticides were the 20th Century’s foundation for pest management.
  • Pesticides were used first and all other decisions followed.

Biological

Control

Other Tools

Pesticides$$$$

ipm triangle
IPM TRIANGLE
  • REDUCE RISK…
  • Disease Epidemic
  • Environmental
  • Health Hazards
  • REDUCE CO$T

INCREASE…

  • Sustainability
  • Biodiversity

Chemical

Cultural & Physical

Biological Control

Biologically Based IPM Technologies

why do we have pest outbreaks

Why Do We Have Pest Outbreaks?

Alien Invasive Species

Local Invasions

Pesticide Resistance

Disrupted Environments

Perceptions

slide11

#1 Pest

Silverleaf whitefly

Bemisia argentifolii

  • 6 life stages: egg, 4 nymphal instars, adult
  • Life cycle can be as short as 2 weeks
slide12

Nymphs

Bemisia Biology:

  • In Favorable conditions, 15 generations per year
  • Females Do not Require a male to reproduce
  • All stages prefer the underside of leaves
whitefly damage
Whitefly Damage
  • Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus
  • Tomato Mottle Virus
  • Uneven Ripening
  • Sooty Mold

Photograph:Shahab Hanif-khan

ipm for whitefly related diseases
IPM for Whitefly & Related Diseases
  • Plant WHITEFLY-FREE transplants
  • Establish a CROP-FREE PERIOD
  • Use UV REFLECTIVE MULCH
  • CONTROL Weeds & volunteers
  • DESTROYold Crops IMMEDIATELY after harvest

DO NOT plant new crop adjacent to abandoned field, infested weeds or other solanaceous crops, cucurbits, or cabbage

Olson, S. M. & D. N. Maynard. 2003. Vegetable Production Guide for Florida. UF/IFAS publication.

grower s ipm guide for florida tomato pepper production
Grower’s IPM Guide for FloridaTomato & Pepper Production

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1- Introduction WHY IPM?
  • Chapter 2- Tomato & Pepper Production
  • Chapter 3- Soil & Nutrient Management
  • Chapter 4- Pest Management
  • Chapter 5- Disease Management
  • Chapter 6- Weed Management
  • Chapter 7- Cultural & Physical Controls
  • Chapter 8- Biological Control
  • Chapter 9- Chemical Control
slide20

IPM Florida Grants Program

IPM Florida, working with Joan Dusky, IFAS Assistant Dean for Extension, developed a federally funded grants program that increases collaboration between extension agents and specialists in advancing IPM.

ipm florida grants
Agriculture

Urban IPM

Mosquito Control

IPM Education

Landscape IPM

Plant Pathology

Nursery IPM

Weed Management

IPM Florida Grants

YOU!

Extension

Specialists

Extension

Agents

selection criteria
Selection Criteria
  • Directly involve county Extension faculty
  • Have widespread, positive impact on increasing IPM in Florida
  • Have supplemental funds or in-kind resources already in place
  • Include partnerships between IFAS and our clientele
  • Involve applicants that have great need and limited resources, e.g., new faculty.