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Unit 2 The Prehistoric Period

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  1. Unit 2The Prehistoric Period Mr. Lamm

  2. The Location of Georgia • Locate Georgia in relation to hemisphere. • What divides these hemispheres? Equator

  3. The Location of Georgia Western Eastern • Locate Georgia in relation to hemisphere.

  4. The Location of Georgia North America • On what continent is Georgia located?

  5. The Location of Georgia • Georgia is a part of what nation? United States

  6. The Location of Georgia • Georgia’s regions East Deep South Southeast South Sunbelt

  7. The Location of Georgia • What time zone?

  8. Physiographic Regions

  9. 5 Physiographic Regions of Georgia

  10. The Regions

  11. The Regions

  12. The Regions

  13. The Regions

  14. The Regions

  15. Other Terms to Know • Barrier Islands • Climate • Fall Line • Physiographic Province • Precipitation • Weather

  16. Georgia’s Prehistoric Past

  17. Notes • The prehistoric period is the era before written records were kept. • The year 1540, when Spanish explorers came to Georgia, is considered to be the end of Georgia’s prehistoric period and the beginning of the historic period.

  18. Notes • The first humans came to Georgia from Asia. • The first humans came to the North American continent during the Ice Age. • The land bridge that connected Asia with North America was called Beringia.

  19. Beringia • Land bridge

  20. Notes • The movement of people from one place to another is called migration. • The first people in Georgia were wanderers, that is, they were always on the move looking for food. • The first humans arrived in Georgia around 10,000 B.C. • The Native American cultural periods in Georgia are also called traditions.

  21. Notes All of the Indians in these traditions lived in Georgia at one time or another.

  22. Notes

  23. Notes • Large spearheads attached to heavy handles and used for jabbing animals are called Clovis points. • A spear-throwing device used by the early Indians is called an atlatl.

  24. Clovis Points • Large spearheads

  25. Atlatl • Spear throwing device

  26. Notes

  27. Notes • Great piles of shells thrown away by the Indians near the coast are called middens.

  28. Notes

  29. Notes

  30. Notes • Mississippian settlements were protected by a wooden palisade and moat. • Mounds were used for ceremonies and burials. • The Mound Builders disappeared because they caught diseases from the Europeans.

  31. Etowah Indian Mounds

  32. Bibliography • All images were downloaded from searching Google – images.