Unit 2The Prehistoric Period Mr. Lamm
The Location of Georgia • Locate Georgia in relation to hemisphere. • What divides these hemispheres? Equator
The Location of Georgia Western Eastern • Locate Georgia in relation to hemisphere.
The Location of Georgia North America • On what continent is Georgia located?
The Location of Georgia • Georgia is a part of what nation? United States
The Location of Georgia • Georgia’s regions East Deep South Southeast South Sunbelt
The Location of Georgia • What time zone?
Other Terms to Know • Barrier Islands • Climate • Fall Line • Physiographic Province • Precipitation • Weather
Notes • The prehistoric period is the era before written records were kept. • The year 1540, when Spanish explorers came to Georgia, is considered to be the end of Georgia’s prehistoric period and the beginning of the historic period.
Notes • The first humans came to Georgia from Asia. • The first humans came to the North American continent during the Ice Age. • The land bridge that connected Asia with North America was called Beringia.
Beringia • Land bridge
Notes • The movement of people from one place to another is called migration. • The first people in Georgia were wanderers, that is, they were always on the move looking for food. • The first humans arrived in Georgia around 10,000 B.C. • The Native American cultural periods in Georgia are also called traditions.
Notes All of the Indians in these traditions lived in Georgia at one time or another.
Notes • Large spearheads attached to heavy handles and used for jabbing animals are called Clovis points. • A spear-throwing device used by the early Indians is called an atlatl.
Clovis Points • Large spearheads
Atlatl • Spear throwing device
Notes • Great piles of shells thrown away by the Indians near the coast are called middens.
Notes • Mississippian settlements were protected by a wooden palisade and moat. • Mounds were used for ceremonies and burials. • The Mound Builders disappeared because they caught diseases from the Europeans.
Bibliography • All images were downloaded from searching Google – images.