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The Importance of the Management Plane for FTTP. A Perspective of a USA Service Provider. The Telecom Industry is Changing. Last Year Marked a significant Change in the Telecommunications Industry in the USA

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the importance of the management plane for fttp

The Importance of the Management Plane for FTTP

A Perspective of a USA Service Provider

the telecom industry is changing
The Telecom Industry is Changing
  • Last Year Marked a significant Change in the Telecommunications Industry in the USA
  • Traditional Wireline companies saw a loss in overall access lines, despite an overall gain in Homes Passed
  • The oldest telecommunications company in the world, left telecom as a technology and evolved to merge with Cable as a transport
  • Users appetite for bandwidth is accelerating
  • MOBILITY HAS BECOME THE PARADIGM
a usa perspective
A USA Perspective
  • 160 Million Americans have Mobile Phones
  • 24 Million have 1st Generation Broadband connection
  • Wireless Networks are allowing Broadband on the Go
  • Picture/Camera Phones outsold every other phone type in the USA
broadband mobility transformation
Broadband + Mobility

=

Transformation

goal in the industry
Goal in the Industry
  • Goal is to deliver 100Mbs capacity to the customer, no matter where they are, at home, at work, or on the go.
where do we get there from here
Where do we get there from here?
  • Reinventing our networks around broadband, packet and Voice over IP technologies
  • Vision is of an integrated Multi-megabit network that will fuel the growth of high-technology industry
some statistics
Some Statistics
  • 46 Million of our telephone lines are equipped for DSL
  • More than 36 Million people each day use Verizon Wireless
  • Serve over 7 Million Small Businesses and over 80% of the Fortune 1000
  • Over 100 Million people uses Verizon Networks every day
  • Currently support over 2 Billion Peer-to-Peer connections every day
key to survival in a transitioning market
Key to survival in a transitioning market
  • Deploy leading edge technology
  • High on the bandwidth chain
  • Good Service
  • Great Value Proposition
what is fttp
What is FTTP?
  • Fiber To The “x” (FTTx, with x being the “C” for the Curb, or “P” for to the premises) is an important, emerging technology that will provide customers with new feature-rich services and improved quality of current services.
why fttp
Why FTTP?
  • Consumers will require additional bandwidth to the home in the near future
  • Competition is beginning to offer a “triple-play” (i.e., voice, video, and data) bundle
  • FTTP provides SPs with the ability to provide “cutting edge” technology and “best-in-class” services
  • Deploying a fiber optic cable to each premises will provide an extraordinary amount of bandwidth for future services
  • An FTTP based network will result in less operational expenses
why fttp cont d

100M

12 - 50M

Access Bandwidth Growth

12 – 25M

1.5M – 3M

256K – 1.5M

144K

2.4 – 56K

VDSL

Cable Modem

ADSL2(+)

ADSL

DDS

1970’s

ISDN

FTTP

2004

Why FTTP? (Cont’d)

FTTP has the necessary bandwidth to support near term and long term services

  • Today's applications are continuing to drive demand for increased bandwidth
  • Historically, unforeseen applications have quickly consumed available bandwidth and driven the development of higher speed platforms
why now cont d
Why Now? (Cont’d)
  • SPs are losing access lines
    • Bundling with the triple-play should reduce the churn
  • Competition with cable providers is forcing action
    • Cable Modems currently have over 60% of the HSD market share and the gap is expected to increase
    • Cable companies are beginning to offer voice over cable
    • A number of IP telephony trials are currently underway:
      • Time Warner in Portland, ME
      • Comcast in Coatesville, PA
      • Cablevision in LI / NJ
    • Experience suggests that cable will be very successful, absent an effective competitive response.
matching application and network requirements

High Speed Internet Access (browsing, IM, Chat, FTP, VPN, access, etc)

Up to 3 Mb/s

E-Mail

As above

Live TV on PC

300 to 750 kb/s

Data Application

Typical bandwidth (downstream)

Internet Video on Demand

300 to 750 kb/s

Video Conferencing

300 to 750 kb/s

Voice telephony

5 to 128 kb/s

Interactive Games

10 to 750 kb/s

Broadcast TV – (e.g., MPEG2)

2 to 6 Mb/s

High definition TV – HDTV

12 to 19 Mb/s

Pay Per View and NVOD (e.g., MPEG2)

2 to 6 Mb/s

Matching Application and Network Requirements
deployment of ftth
Deployment of FTTH
  • Plan is to reach 1 Million Homes by end of 2004 in the 20Mb to 30Mb rate
  • Double that rate as we move into 2005
  • Reach 100Mb by 2007
slide16

Picture Messaging

Voice

Data

Video Conferencing

Common Protocol

Common Infrastructure

Video Service

Voice over IP

Gaming

Virtual Private Network

fttp basics
FTTP Basics
  • Full Service Access Network (FSAN) – Primary source of PON standards. Created by service providers in order to facilitate suitable standards.
  • FSAN Standards – ITU-T G.983
  • Passive Optical Network (PON) – a point-to-multipoint local access Network.
  • Optical Line Terminal (OLT) – active component typically located in the central office.
  • Passive Optical Splitter – distributes optical signal from a single fiber to multiple fibers, merges signals from all fibers, & connects them to the OLT receiver.
  • Optical Network Terminal (ONT) – housed in a network interface device enclosure.
fttp lingo
FTTP Lingo
  • PON – Passive Optical Network
  • OLT – Optical Line Terminal
  • ONT – Optical Network Terminal
  • FTTP – Fiber to the Premises
  • APON – ATM PON
  • BPON – Broadband PON
  • GPON – Gigabit PON
pon architecture fsan standard itu g 983

Bandwidths & Services

Upstream

Downstream

1310 nm

1490 nm

1550 nm

Voice and Data

@ 155 to 622 Mbps

Voice and Data

@ 622 Mbps

Video

42 MHz

550 MHz

860 MHz

HD/VOD

Analog TV

Digital TV

PON Architecture FSAN Standard ITU G.983

EDFA

(Erbium Doped

Fiber Amplifier)

Video

1550 nm

Voice & Data

Voice/Data & Video

OLT

(Optical

Line

Terminal)

Downstream

1490 nm

1490nm/1310nm, 1550nm

ONT

(Optical Network

Terminal)

Optical

Couplers(WDM)

Upstream

1310 nm

1x32

Optical

Splitter

Video

(l)

Data

(AAL5)

POTS

(AAL2)

slide20

FSAN PON SolutionHow Does an APON/BPON Work?

GRANT

GRANT

GRANT

GRANT

A

A

A

A

B

B

B

B

C

C

C

C

+

+

+

+

Customer Premise: ONT

(Optical Network Termination)

CO, Feeder: OLT

(Optical Line Termination)

Outside Plant: Optical Distribution Network

Downstream: 622 Mbps @ 1490nm

ATM switch,

PSTN,

Internet

Services to user:

POTS,

Internet Access

Passive Optical Splitter

Upstream: 155 Mbps @ 1310nm

Upstream: Time Division Multiple Access

Downstream: Time Division Multiplex

ONT

A

ONT

A

A

ONT

B

ONT

B

ONT

C

ONT

C

current standards1
Current Standards
  • FCC 76.605 - Multichannel Video and Cable Television Service Requirements, Technical Standards. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 47, Volume 4, Part 76, Subpart K, Section 76.605 (47CFR76.605).
  • ITU-T Recommendation G.983.1 - Broadband optical access systems based on Passive Optical Networks (PON).
current standards2
Current Standards
  • ITU-T Recommendation G.983.1amd1 - Broadband optical access systems based on Passive Optical Networks (PON) amendment 1.
  • ITU-T Recommendation G.983.1amd2 - Broadband optical access systems based on Passive Optical Networks (PON) amendment 2
current standards3
Current Standards
  • ITU-T Recommendation G.983.2 - The ONT management interface specification for B-PON.
  • ITU-T Recommendation G.983.3 amd1 - A Broadband optical access systems with increased service capability by wavelength allocation amendment1.
  • ITU-T Recommendation G.983.4 - A Broadband optical access system with increased service capability using dynamic bandwidth assignment.
current standards4
Current Standards
  • ITU-T Recommendation G.983.5 - A Broadband optical access system with increased survivability
  • ITU-T Recommendation G.983.6 - ONT management and control management interface specification with protection features
  • ITU-T Recommendation G.983.7 - ONT management and control management interface specification for DBA B-PON systems
current standards5
Current Standards
  • Telcordia technologies GR909 - Generic Criteria for Fiber in the Loop systems.
  • TR-TSY-000008 - Digital Interface Between the SLC-96 Digital Loop Carrier System and a Local Digital Switch, Issue 2, 8/87, Revision 1, 10/94
current standards6
Current Standards
  • GR-303-CORE - Integrated Digital Loop Carrier Generic Requirements, Objectives and Interface, Issue 4, 12/2000
  • GR-57-CORE - Telcordia – Functional Criteria for Digital Loop Carrier Systems, Issue 1, 10/01
  • TSGR, FR-440 - Telcordia (Bellcore) Transmission System Generic Requirements
so what is missing
SO, What is missing?
  • No Standards currently exist for the Service Management or Network Management of Co-merged networks
what is needed
What is Needed?
  • Requirements for Service Management
  • Common Protocol-neutral models of these interfaces
  • Common agreed upon Protocols to support the Service and Network Management Interfaces
slide30

Standards will drive the speed with which newer technologies can be delivered

Picture Messaging

Voice

Data

Video Conferencing

Common Protocol

Common Infrastructure

Video Service

Voice over IP

Gaming

Virtual Private Network

how do we create this new set of service management standards
How do we create this new set of Service Management Standards?
  • Rethink the applicability of our current B2B models for SP to SP operations
  • Begin aggressively the development of C2B interfaces by
    • Focusing on requirements
    • Evaluate the applicability of current standards
  • Understand the Value Proposition of standards in this area
additional considerations
Additional Considerations
  • Home Network Selection is currently ill defined in terms of a practical solution to support all data types
  • Current Home Gateways do not offer the security needed to support the multi-SAP models
  • QoS models and requirements are not defined for all Home Networks or Gateways