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Social Protection: a mechanism for inclusive development. EU-Africa Economic and Social Stakeholders’ Network Brussels, 5 March 2014 Griet Cattaert, ILO. Overview. The need for social protection Pervasive poverty and income inequality. Pervasive Poverty.
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EU-Africa Economic and Social Stakeholders’ NetworkBrussels, 5 March 2014
Griet Cattaert, ILO
More demographic challenges to come
A floor of social protection is thus a prerequisite investment in the development process and in people.
80% of the world population do not have access to comprehensive coverage
50% of the children are living in poverty, many lack access to health and education
30% of the population do not have access to essential health care
Social protection coverage gap
60% of the elderly do not receive a pension
Only 15% of the population has access to unemployment benefits
Quality education for all, strong social protection, prudent macroeconomic policies, active labour market, policies, and effective bargaining
Stable and resilient GDP growth, high employment and social peace
Rapid productivity growth with income gains shared broadly, a strong middle class
Sustained and broad-based growth in domestic effective demand, low levels of indebtness
Source: SPF-AG discussion notes, by Kemal Dervis.The SPF ConceptThe virtuous cycle effect
The underlying development policy paradigm: “Growing with equity”
Recalling that the Declaration of Philadelphia
Considering the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in particular Articles 22 and 25, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, in particular Articles 9, 11 and 12
Considering also ILO social security standards
Provides guidance to Members to
(a) establish and maintain, as applicable, social protection floors as a
fundamental element of their national social security systems; and
(b) implement social protection floors within strategies for the extension of
social security that progressively ensure higher levels of social security
to as many people as possible, guided by ILO social security standards.
The guarantees should ensure at a minimum that, over the life cycle, all in need have access to essential health care and to basic income security which together secure effective access to goods and services defined as necessary at the national level.
They should comprise at least the following basic social security guarantees:
national definition of minimum levels
Guarantees should be provided to at least all residents and children, as defined in national laws and regulations, subject to Members’ existing international obligations. (para. 6)
2. What as been done so far?
HEALTH: China (urban & rural), India (RSBY), Thailand (UCS),Mexico (Seguro popular), Colombia (regimen subsidiado), Uruguay, Chile (plan AUGE), Burkina Faso, Rwanda …
Comprehensive SPF: Brazil, Mexico, Chile,
CCTs: Brazil (Bolsa Familia), Mexico (Oportunidades)
Social pensions: Brazil, South Africa, Bolivia (pension dignidad),
Chile (pension basica solidaria), Thailand (500 Bath scheme), China (rural old age pension)…
Employment guarantee schemes: India (NREGA),
Uruguay (Política de empleo promovido),
Argentina (Plan jefes y jefas de familias)
Building and strengthening partnerships
Building the capacities of national constituents – Technical advisory and capacity building
Making social protection floors a national reality worldwide
Supporting national dialogue processes
Supporting constituents through knowledge sharing, technical cooperation and advice
Policy, knowledge and tools development
“The world does not lack the resources to eradicate poverty, it lacks the right priorities.”
Juan Somavia, Director General of the ILO