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Live Sound Training. Essential Question: “How do we get the entire audience to hear exactly what we want them to hear?”. Live Sound Training. Sound Basics/ Components/ Goals Sound Set-up/ Power up/ Tear down Microphones/ Channels/ Mixer Sections House Speakers vs. Monitor Speakers

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Essential Question:

“How do we get the entire audience to hear exactly what we want them to hear?”

live sound training

Live Sound Training

Sound Basics/ Components/ Goals

Sound Set-up/ Power up/ Tear down

Microphones/ Channels/ Mixer Sections

House Speakers vs. Monitor Speakers

Troubleshooting/ Upkeep/ Q and A

sound basics components goals

Sound Basics/ Components/ Goals

Why? Amplification and enrichment of Live Sound, to obtain a Natural and Blended sound

What? Mixer, Amp, Speakers, Mics, Cables, Miscellaneous audio devices

How? Pay attention, Listen closely, and make adjustments accordingly

slide5

WHY?

To be heard in a large space where the natural voice is inadequate

Amplify- to make louder

Amplifier

Enrichment- to make better??????

Effects processors

EQ’s

what the equipment

WHAT?- the equipment

Mixer- Organize and adjust sound qualities on one or many input devices.

Amp.- already seen

microphones open air input devices

WHAT?- the equipment

Condenser

Hanging Mic

Condenser

Studio Mic

Lavaliere/

Lapel/ Body Mic

Microphones- open air input devices.

Handheld Mic

Condenser

Boundary Mic

speakers output listening devices

WHAT?- the equipment

Speakers- output-listening devices.

cables interface connect equipment together

RCA

WHAT?- the equipment

¼ Inch

Sound Snake

Cables- interface (connect) equipment together.

XLR

audio input devices sound producing devices

Cassette Tape

Game System

Mic

WHAT?- the equipment

Guitar

Keyboard/ MIDI

CD

Ipod/ MP3

8-Track Tape

Audio Input Devices- sound producing devices.

Reel to Reel Tape

Turntable

Vinyl Record

slide11

HOW?

Pay Attention, Listen, and make the necessary adjustments.

Volume (ON / OFF)

EQ

Feedback

Effects

Pan

Gain

Etc.

sound basics components goals1

Review

Sound Basics/ Components/ Goals

Why? Amplification and enrichment of Live Sound, to obtain a Natural and Blended sound

What? Mixer, Amp, Speakers, Mics, Cables, Miscellaneous audio input devices

How? Pay attention, Listen closely, and make adjustments accordingly

session two

Session Two:

Sound set-up/ Power-up/ Tear Down (Strike)

slide14

Set-up!

*Make all connections before adding power

Mics/ inputs

Amp

Speakers

Power cable

Plug in all components to outlets

Power up

Turn on the amp(s) last

Set all levels

slide15

Tear Down (Strike)!

In Reverse Order:

Power down all equipment

Turn off Amp(s) first

Unplug all components from outlets

Disconnect all components

Mics/ inputs

Speakers

Amps

Etc.

Put everything away correctly

Wrap all cables loosely

set up strike

Review

Set-up/ Strike

Make all connections before adding power.

Turn on the amps last.

Strike in reverse order.

Turn off the amps first.

Put everything away neatly and correctly.

Wrap all cables loosely.

session three

Session Three:

Microphones/ Channels/ Sections of the Mixer

pick up patterns

Uni-Directional (Cardioid)- Picks up sound from one direction

  • Bi-Directional- Picks up from two directions
  • Omni-Directional-Picks up in all directions

Pick-up Patterns:

channels

Input Section (Mic or Line)

  • Gain
  • EQ
    • Hi
    • Mid
    • Lo
  • FX
  • Pan
  • Level (volume)
  • Monitor????
  • Etc.

Channels:

sections of the mixer

Channels- organization and mixing of the input devices.

          • Master- Control for the whole mixer.
                  • Outputs- Interface out to the speakers/ monitors/ amps/ etc..

Sections of the Mixer:

session four

Session Four:

House Speakers vs. Monitor Speakers

house speakers

House Speakers:

For the Audience (MAINS)

Larger the audience, larger the size and number of speakers.

monitor speakers

Monitor Speakers:

For the Performers

Monitors/Aux/FX/Subs

Preference/ $$$

Floor Monitors

Personal stand monitors

P.E.M.s – Personal Ear Monitors

slide27

JCHS sound booth

During play

slide28

DJ

Table

slide30

Larger Outdoor

Concert Venue

slide31

Extremely Large

Outdoor Venue

session five

Session Five:

Troubleshooting/ Upkeep/ Q&A

troubleshooting

Troubleshooting:

Locating the source of an equipment problem

Start with the simple things:

Is it plugged in?

Is the power on?

Mute switches on?

Is it all connected properly?

Is there a short in the cable? Continuity

Is my equipment broken?

up keep

Up Keep:

Store in a dry, dust-free environment

Keep covered, or in storage cases

Wrap all cables loosely, yet neatly