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Why do we need crime and criminal justice statistics? To develop targeted policies PowerPoint Presentation
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Why do we need crime and criminal justice statistics? To develop targeted policies

Why do we need crime and criminal justice statistics? To develop targeted policies

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Why do we need crime and criminal justice statistics? To develop targeted policies

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  1. OAS-UNODC cooperation in implementing in the Americas the UN Survey on Crime TrendsMISPA II, Santo Domingo 4-5 Nov 2009Angela Me Jose Manuel MartinezChief, Survey and Statistics Section Representative DPA Regional Office Panama

  2. Why do we need crime and criminal justice statistics? To develop targeted policies To monitor the impact, effectiveness, efficiency of policies and programmes Evidence-based policy making

  3. Why do we need crime and criminal justice statistics? National level • Crime is no longer uniform in its distribution and no longer “predictable” • In many countries crime today is characterized by “hotspots” • National trends may hide large differences which need different policy responses

  4. Why do we need crime and criminal justice statistics? An example well-known decrease in violent crime in the US in past years • Sprinfield, MA (population: 152,644): - 16.6% violent crime between 2005-2006 • Jackson, MS (population: 177,334) + 44.2% violent crime between 2005-2006

  5. Why do we need crime and criminal justice statistics? National policy makers need to be more agile, using statistics, research and informed observation to understand and respond to ongoing challenges

  6. Why do we need crime and criminal justice statistics? International level

  7. Source: UNODC International Homicide Statistics To compare with other countries/regions • Internally: • How are we doing? • Externally: • What countries offer the safest environment? • What countries need more assistance?

  8. To inform International Policy Making

  9. To better understand the dynamics of crime Source: UNODC

  10. To better understand the dynamics of crime Source: UNODC

  11. The evidence at international level is possible with an international data collection system

  12. Not a new idea……

  13. The United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) UNCCPCJ asked for a review Resolution sponsored by Argentina

  14. Regional Partnership UNODC-OAS in monitoring Crime in the region • Developing a regional monitoring system for the American States • Core (CTS) + region-specific indicators • No duplications, no overburdening of countries • An international data collection system which is closer to countries

  15. Revision of the CTS according to the resolution • Inter-governmental meeting to finalize the content of CTS and core indicators hosted by Argentina (February 2010) • The Region is in a leading position CTS includes only administrative statistics

  16. Average percentage of crimes reported to the police in different world regions Studying crime requires more than statistics on reported crimes Source: International Crime Victim Survey (ICVS)

  17. Countries with high victimization rates very often do not rank high in police recorded crime and viceversa Figure reproduced from Trends in Crime and Justice 2005

  18. More needs to be done at national and international level to collect and analyze statistics on victimization

  19. More specific UNODC contributions to knowledge and action in the region

  20. Evidence-based programme development “Crime, Violence and Development: Trends, Costs, and Policy Options in the Caribbean” (UNODC and WB, 2007) “Crime and Development in Central America” (UNODC and IDB, 2007)

  21. International Organizations (UNODC, CARICOM, SICA,OAS etc.) Central America Caribbean Centres of Excellence Consultative Mechanism SANTO DOMINGO Pact/ SICA-UNODC MANAGUA Mechanism Focal Points for Expertise & Training Network of Prosecutors Legal Assistance ADAM Network of National Strategic Analysts Experts, Policy Makers Donors

  22. Stage 3 1stS 2010 • Belize, Corruption • Honduras, (to be defined) • Costa Rica, (to be defined) Stage 2 Nov.-dic. 09 • Dominican Republic, • Prison Reform • Nicaragua, • Community Policing Stage 1 Aug.-Cct. 09 • El Salvador, Urban Crime • Panama, Maritime Security • Guatemala, Organized Crime Centres of excellence - mandate Managua Conference: Centers of Excellence • 1). Research and generation of regional expertise providing the following services. • 2). Capacity-building through training and provision of technical equipment. • 3). Information sharing and cooperation.

  23. South Cone and Andean Region Historic UNODC activities in the Andean Region UNODC will soon start developing a regional programme for Argentine, Brazil, Chile , Paraguay, Uruguay

  24. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION For more information:http://www.unodc.org/ RM00083T