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The Changing World of Safety on College Campuses. 47 th Annual Association of Kansas Community College Occupational Professionals Conference March 27, 2014 Ben Smith and Jason Kegler. Roadmap. Importance of Safety Active Shooter Events (ASE’s) Gun Legislation Things you can do

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the changing world of safety on college campuses
The Changing World of Safetyon College Campuses

47th Annual Association of Kansas Community College Occupational Professionals Conference

March 27, 2014

Ben Smith and Jason Kegler

roadmap
Roadmap
  • Importance of Safety
  • Active Shooter Events (ASE’s)
  • Gun Legislation
  • Things you can do
  • Conclusion
importance of safety

Importance of safety

  • Absolute or State of mind
  • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Need
  • Government Regulations
  • Recent Events
    • Changes in KS statutes
    • Mass shootings
what are your perceptions

What are your perceptions?

  • Do you know of threats or violence during the past year where you work?
  • Have you been personally threatened during work hours?
  • Are there specific places on your campuses that you feel unsafe?
perception vs reality1

Perception vs. Reality

  • Perception is school shootings happen often
  • Reality is the CDC puts your chances of being shot at school at less than one in a million chance
  • From strictly a risk management perspective, “storm shelters before flack jackets”
  • According to Texas State University and NYPD studies, the number of ASE’s is increasing annually
frequency of ase s

Frequency of ASE’s

Source: “United States Active Shooter Events from 2000 to 2010: Training and Equipment Implications”, Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training, Texas State University, March, 2013

attack locations of ase s

Attack Locations of ASE’s

Source: “United States Active Shooter Events from 2000 to 2010: Training and Equipment Implications”, Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training, Texas State University, March, 2013

number of people shot

Number of people shot

Source: “United States Active Shooter Events from 2000 to 2010: Training and Equipment Implications”, Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training, Texas State University, March, 2013

most powerful weapon used

Most powerful weapon used

Source: “United States Active Shooter Events from 2000 to 2010: Training and Equipment Implications”, Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training, Texas State University, March, 2013

resolution of ase s in us 2000 2010

Resolution of ASE’s in US (2000-2010)

Source: “United States Active Shooter Events from 2000 to 2010: Training and Equipment Implications”, Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training, Texas State University, March, 2013

nypd study of 2012 ase s

NYPD Study of 2012 ASE’s

2012 = 3 times the average of the previous 5 years!

Source: “Active Shooter: Recommendations and Analysis for Risk Mitigation 2012 Edition”, Counterterrorism Bureau of the New York City Police Department (NYPD), NYPD Printing Section, 2013

age of attackers nypd study

Age of Attackers – NYPD Study

  • Bimodal
  • School shooting peak ages 15-19
  • Non-school peak ages 35-44

Source: “Active Shooter: Recommendations and Analysis for Risk Mitigation 2012 Edition”, Counterterrorism Bureau of the New York City Police Department (NYPD), NYPD Printing Section, 2013

other characteristics nypd study

Other Characteristics – NYPD Study

  • 96% male
  • 98% alone
  • 74% planned; 26% random

Source: “Active Shooter: Recommendations and Analysis for Risk Mitigation 2012 Edition”, Counterterrorism Bureau of the New York City Police Department (NYPD), NYPD Printing Section, 2013

cho seung hui april 17 2007
Cho Seung Hui-April 17, 2007
  • Killed 32 people and wounded 17 at Virginia Tech
  • Shooting Spree began at 7:15am ending with him taking his own life around 9:45am.
  • Approximately 72 separate incidents occurred prior to April 17.
  • Incidents included personal threats, inappropriate behavior, and awkward discussions
  • In 2005, Cho was found “mentally ill and in need of hospitalization”.
  • Weapons were legally purchased
james holmes july 20 2012
James Holmes-July 20, 2012
  • Killed 12 and wounded 58 in movie theater in Aurora, CO
  • Had been enrolled as a Ph.D. Student in Neuroscience at the University of Colorado
  • Psychiatrists believed he had a mental illness and could be dangerous
  • Had a history of making homicidal statements
  • Close acquaintances feared he was violent
  • Weapons were legally purchased
what does a mass shooter look like1
What does a mass shooter look like?
  • We can make assumptions:
    • Sex, Race, Age, Economic Background
  • The FACTS indicate:
    • There is NO standard profile
    • Suspects exhibit behavioral concerns
    • Some major life-changing trigger event occurs
behavioral concerns
Behavioral concerns?
  • Increased absenteeism
  • Increased use of alcohol or drugs
  • Increased depression or withdrawal
  • Increased mood swings
behavioral concerns1
Behavioral concerns?
  • Suicidal comments or comments regarding hurting oneself
  • Changes in hygiene or appearance
  • Cold or uncaring affect – lack of any emotion
other types of workplace violence
Other types of workplace violence
  • According to the Bureau of Justice statistics,
    • You are eighteen times (18X) more likely to experience workplace violence than a fire
    • Every hour in the workplace, twenty-six women will be raped or sexually assaulted
    • Every day, two people are murdered in the workplace
can we stop these types of events1
Can we stop these types of events?

NO, more than likely, not.

Average ASE event over in 3-8 minutes.

Average police response time 3-8 minutes.

standard police response
Standard Police Response
  • Find Threat, Neutralize Threat
  • No first aid
  • No hand holding or comforting
  • No room clearing until threat is neutralized
nccc held an active shooter scenario training exercise in january 2014
NCCC held an active shooter scenario training exercise in January, 2014.
  • Shooter walked at a normal pace through four buildings in less than six minutes and prior to law enforcement’s arrival on campus
  • Killed 13, wounded 27
slide32

Have any of your colleges held active shooter training exercises?

  • What did you learn from your exercise?
slide33

We learned communication is almost always the biggest issue

  • Letting employees and students know clear, concise information in a timely manner
  • Communicating between college personnel, between college personnel and responding agencies, and between the responding agencies
  • We needed more training!
outside influences
Outside Influences
  • Kansas Statutes
ks 2013 legislation
KS 2013 Legislation
  • Kansas Personal and Family Protection Act
  • Allows for conceal carry on college campuses unless “adequate security measures” are deployed
  • Colleges may apply for exemption while they develop security plan
what can we do in the event of an active shooter
What can we do in the event of an active shooter?
  • Safety best practices
    • Don’t scream and point
    • Engage only if you have important information
    • Drop everything, hands up, fingers spread
in the event of an active shooter fema recommends
In the event of an active shooter, FEMA recommends:
  • Run
  • Hide
  • Fight

Source: “IS-907: Active Shooter; What You Can Do”, FEMA Emergency Management Institute, October 31, 2013

slide38
What can we do in to address safety concerns in general (fire, severe weather, sexual assault or harassment)?
  • Safety best practices
as employees we should
As employees we should:
  • Train regularly on emergency procedures and college policies
  • Stay alert
  • Remain informed
  • Foster a culture of reporting
    • “See something – Say something”
as individuals we should
As individuals we should:
  • Train regularly on emergency procedures
  • Park under or near lights
  • Walk with your head up and display confidence
  • Check surroundings as you walk
as individuals we should1
As individuals we should:
  • Train regularly on emergency procedures
  • Know where exits are located wherever you are – identify evacuation routes
  • Sit near exits in classrooms and meeting rooms
  • Utilize the buddy system whenever possible
  • Know where emergency equipment such as AED’s are located
conclusion
Conclusion:
  • Train regularly on emergency procedures and college policies
  • Use the tools at your disposal
tools at your disposal
Tools at your disposal
  • Your wits and intellect – YOU are your own greatest asset!
  • Your college’s emergency action plan
  • Your college’s chief safety officer
  • FEMA Active Shooter Training – see training course and video below: http://www.training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/is907.asp