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TEAM COMPETITION. A Review for the TEST over Unit 3a: The Structures and Functions of DNA and RNA. 1 point round. TRUE or FALSE: Short strands of DNA are contained in the chromosomes inside the nucleus of a cell. FALSE – long strands of DNA make up chromosomes. TRUE or FALSE:

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Team competition

TEAM COMPETITION

A Review for the

TEST over Unit 3a:

The Structures and Functions of DNA and RNA



True or false short strands of dna are contained in the chromosomes inside the nucleus of a cell

TRUE or FALSE: Short strands of DNA are contained in the chromosomes inside the nucleus of a cell


Team competition

FALSE – long strands of DNA make up chromosomes


Team competition

TRUE or FALSE:

Every DNA nucleotide contains a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base


True dna consists of two strands of nucleotides joined by hydrogen bonds
TRUE:DNA consists of two strands of nucleotides joined by hydrogen bonds


True or false the long strands of nucleotides are twisted into a double helix in both dna and rna
TRUE or FALSE:The long strands of nucleotides are twisted into a double helix in both DNA and RNA




Nucleotides
nucleotides _____________



Nucleotide
nucleotide diagram?


2 point round
2 point round diagram?



Cytosine
cytosine amount of ___________


Finish this analogous relationship adenine thymine
Finish this analogous relationship: amount of ___________adenine : thymine :: _____: _____


Guanine cytosine
guanine : cytosine amount of ___________



Dna polymerase
DNA polymerase complementary strand of DNA?


True or false complete dna replication must occur before a cell can divide
TRUE or FALSE: complementary strand of DNA?Complete DNA replication must occur before a cell can divide



True or false in dna replication two complementary strands are duplicated
TRUE or FALSE: identical cells In DNA replication, two complementary strands are duplicated.



3 point round
3 point round identical cells


True or false in dna replication the double strand unwinds and unzips while it is being duplicated
TRUE or FALSE: identical cells In DNA replication, the double strand unwinds and unzips while it is being duplicated



True or false the dna replication process is aided by enzymes called dna mutagens
TRUE or FALSE: identical cells The DNA replication process is aided by enzymes called DNA mutagens




Polymerases
polymerases exposed DNA template bases


True or false rna differs from dna in that rna is single stranded
TRUE or FALSE: exposed DNA template basesRNA differs from DNA in that RNA is single-stranded


Team competition
True exposed DNA template bases


True or false rna differs from dna in that rna contains a different sugar
TRUE or FALSE: exposed DNA template basesRNA differs from DNA in that RNA contains a different sugar


True rna contains the sugar ribose
True – RNA contains the sugar exposed DNA template basesribose


4 point round
4 exposed DNA template bases point round


True or false rna differs from dna in that rna contains the nitrogen base thymine
TRUE or FALSE: exposed DNA template basesRNA differs from DNA in that RNA contains the nitrogen base thymine



Which nitrogen base is not found in dna
Which nitrogen base is guanine, and cytosine NOT found in DNA?


Uracil
uracil guanine, and cytosine



Thymine
thymine guanine, and cytosine


Dna is chemically similar to rna except that its sugars have lost a n atom
DNA is guanine, and cytosine chemically similar to RNA except that its sugars have lost a(n) __________ atom


Oxygen
oxygen guanine, and cytosine


Rna is chemical similar to dna except that the base thymine is replaced by the base called
RNA is chemical similar to DNA except that the base thymine is replaced by the base called ___________.


Uracil1
uracil is replaced by the base called ___________.


5 point round
5 point round is replaced by the base called ___________.


The function of rrna is to help join together in the ribosome
The function of rRNA is to help join _______________ is replaced by the base called ___________.together in the ribosome.


Amino acids
amino acids is replaced by the base called ___________.



Codon
codon amino acid is called a(n) ________


Dna is copied by mrna during the process known as
DNA is amino acid is called a(n) ________copied by mRNA during the process known as ________________


Transcription
transcription amino acid is called a(n) ________


Team competition

A strand of mRNA carries the code amino acid is called a(n) ________CUC AAG UGC UUC. After checking the chart shown next, decide which four amino acids, in order, are coded for by this piece of mRNA?


Glu phe thr lys
Glu amino acid is called a(n) ________ – Phe– Thr– Lys



Ribosome
ribosome ______________ in the cytoplasm


6 point round
6 point round ______________ in the cytoplasm


Which type of rna carries an amino acid to its correct codon within the ribosome
Which type of RNA carries an amino acid to its correct ______________ in the cytoplasmcodon within the ribosome?


Transfer rna trna
transfer RNA (tRNA) ______________ in the cytoplasm


Team competition
During which process does the amino acid detach from the ______________ in the cytoplasmtRNA and attach to the end of a growing protein?


Translation
translation ______________ in the cytoplasm


During which process does the trna anticodon bind to the mrna codon
During which process does the tRNA anticodon ______________ in the cytoplasmbind to the mRNA codon?


Translation1
translation ______________ in the cytoplasm



Ribosomes
ribosomes ________________


Proteins are long chains polymers made up of
Proteins are long chains ________________(polymers) made up of ________________.


Amino acids1
amino acids ________________


7 point round
7 point round ________________


Along the center of a dna molecule the nitrogen bases c g and a t are held together by weak bonds
Along the center of a DNA molecule, the ________________nitrogen bases C-G and A-T are held together by weak _________ bonds


Hydrogen
hydrogen ________________


Team competition

Which researcher determined that ________________Cytosine will always bond with Guanine and that Adenine will bond with either thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA?


Chargaff
Chargaff ________________


Team competition
Which researcher used X-ray diffraction and mathematical reasoning to determine the shape of the DNA molecule?


Franklin
Franklin reasoning to determine the shape of the DNA molecule?


Team competition
Which reasoning to determine the shape of the DNA molecule?two researchers built the first three dimensional model of the DNA molecule (must give both names)?


Watson and crick
Watson and Crick reasoning to determine the shape of the DNA molecule?


True or false a characteristic of rna is that it remains with the chromosomes in the nucleus
TRUE or FALSE: A characteristic of RNA is that it remains reasoning to determine the shape of the DNA molecule?with the chromosomes in the nucleus



8 point round
8 cytoplasm point round


A characteristic of rna is that it is involved in translating information in dna into carbohydrates
A characteristic of RNA is that it is involved in translating information in DNA into carbohydrates.


False rna translates dna into amino acids and proteins
False – RNA translates DNA into translating information in DNA into amino acids andproteins


Team competition

The DNA of an organism contains information that is used to sequence amino acids to form specific proteins.The existence of different organisms with very similar amino acid sequences is evidence of _____________


A common ancestor
a common ancestor sequence amino acids to form specific proteins



Dna rna protein
DNA make a protein? RNA  protein


Team competition

Athletes are often concerned with the question of how much protein they need in their diets because of the requirement of growing muscles for protein. Just as muscles need the basic building block of protein, protein itself has basic building blocks also. What are the basic building blocks of protein?


Amino acids2
amino acids protein they need in their diets because of the requirement of growing muscles for protein. Just as muscles need the basic building block of protein, protein itself has basic building blocks also


Which diagram a d from the next four slides is the best representation of a dna molecule
Which diagram protein they need in their diets because of the requirement of growing muscles for protein. Just as muscles need the basic building block of protein, protein itself has basic building blocks also(A-D) from the next four slides is thebest representation of a DNA molecule?


Team competition
D protein they need in their diets because of the requirement of growing muscles for protein. Just as muscles need the basic building block of protein, protein itself has basic building blocks also


Freaky beast challenge
FREAKY BEAST CHALLENGE! protein they need in their diets because of the requirement of growing muscles for protein. Just as muscles need the basic building block of protein, protein itself has basic building blocks also


Team competition

The category is protein they need in their diets because of the requirement of growing muscles for protein. Just as muscles need the basic building block of protein, protein itself has basic building blocks alsoHuman Genome ProjectDecide how much your team is willing to bet. Write it on the card and hand it back to the teacher.Get ready for the final challenge question!


Team competition
The 23 chromosomes in a human cell contain roughly 25,000 genes. How many nucleotides does it take to make this many genes?


It takes 3 billion nucleotides that s right all that a t c and g stuff to make your dna fingerprint
It takes genes. How many nucleotides does it take to make this many genes? 3 Billionnucleotides (that’s right… all that A, T, C, and G stuff) to make your DNA fingerprint.