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Law and Ethics of Mass Communication

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  1. 2 Law and Ethics of Mass Communication 2.1 Ethics in Journalism 2.2 Matters of Law 2.3 Ethics in a Multimedia World Chapter 2

  2. 2.1 Ethics in Journalism GOALS Understand the elements of ethical conduct in a news organization. Name and describe ethical violations in journalism. Chapter 2

  3. 2.1 Ethics in Journalism KEY TERMS ethics accuracy credibility influence integrity anonymous sources • transparency • on the record • impartial • conflict of interest • plagiarism • fabrication Chapter 2

  4. Everyday Ethics • Integrity • Impartiality Chapter 2

  5. Checkpoint • Name some of the elements of ethical conduct in journalism. ANSWER • For journalists’ conduct to be ethical, they must write accurate, credible stories. They must act with integrity regarding their sources, and they must maintain impartiality. Chapter 2

  6. Ethical Violations • Plagiarism • Fabrication Chapter 2

  7. Checkpoint • What are two ethical violations in journalism? ANSWER • Ethical violations in journalism include plagiarism and fabrication. Chapter 2

  8. 2.2 Matters of Law GOALS Identify public officials and public figures. Describe the legal issues that journalists need to understand. Chapter 2

  9. 2.2 Matters of Law KEY TERMS public official precedent public figure libel invasion of privacy shield laws freedom of information laws sunshine laws Chapter 2

  10. Public Officials and Public Figures • Public official • Public figure Chapter 2

  11. Checkpoint • How do public officials and public figures differ from private citizens? ANSWER • Both public officials and public figures are people in the spotlight who have access to the media and are written about by reporters. Chapter 2

  12. Journalists and Legal Issues • Libel • Invasion of privacy • Other laws • Shield laws • Freedom of information laws • Sunshine laws Chapter 2

  13. Checkpoint • What are the legal issues and laws that journalists need to understand? ANSWER • Journalists need to understand the laws governing libel and invasion of privacy; shield laws; and freedom of information, or sunshine, laws. Chapter 2

  14. 2.3 Ethics in a Multimedia World GOALS Understand multiplatform-multimedia reporting. Apply your understanding of ethics to a multimedia world. Chapter 2

  15. 2.3 Ethics in a Multimedia World KEY TERMS multiplatform multimedia storyboard videographer copy editor Chapter 2

  16. Multiplatform, Multimedia • New millennium • Technological changes • How news is delivered • How news is gathered Chapter 2

  17. Checkpoint • What tools and skills do reporters need to work in a multiplatform and multimedia environment? ANSWER • Multimedia tools may include a handheld video camera, a digital camera or a cell phone that takes photos; a laptop; a digital audio recorder; and a pen and a notebook. • Skills needed include the ability to write for print publications and Web sites, photo and video skills, and the ability to work with others on a storyboard. Chapter 2

  18. Ethics for a Multimedia World • Blogs • Truth and accuracy • User-generated content Chapter 2

  19. Checkpoint • Why is applying ethics to journalism in a multimedia world difficult? ANSWER • Because multiplatform, multimedia journalism is so new, the rules are not clear because they are evolving. Chapter 2