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The AMERICAN Revolutionary War 1775-1783. FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS Philadelphia - September, 1774. Prepare colonies for possible revolt Begin to create militias Most colonists don’t want a total split…yet Just don’t want to be taxed unfairly “No taxation w/out Representation”.

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The american revolutionary war 1775 1783

TheAMERICAN Revolutionary War1775-1783


First continental congress philadelphia september 1774
FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS Philadelphia - September, 1774

  • Prepare colonies for possible revolt

  • Begin to create militias

  • Most colonists don’t want a total split…yet

  • Just don’t want to be taxed unfairly

  • “No taxation w/out Representation”



The opening of the revolt

King George III interprets colonists’ actions as rebellion

Sends Redcoats to supress

Brits learn where John Hancock & Sam Adams are (Lexington)

Also learn where secret militia storage supply is (Concord)

700 British troops secretly set out to capture both

BUT…

The Opening of the Revolt


Patriots learn of british plan
Patriots learn of British Plan

“TWO IF BY LAND, ONE IF BY SEA”


The american revolutionary war 1775 1783


Paul revere s midnight ride
PAUL REVERE’S MIDNIGHT RIDE??? to Philadelphia

  • Riders: Sam Prescott, William Dawes, Israel Bissell & Revere

  • Revere and Dawes captured after 20 miles

  • Prescott made it to Concord

  • Only Bissell made it to Philadelphia to warn

  • Killed his horse he rode so hard


Why revere so famous

Jump to 1860 to Philadelphia

USA on brink of Civil War

Need something to unify people

Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wants to sell a book

Writes “Midnight Ride of Paul Revere”

Becomes a hit – legend becomes truth

Why Revere so Famous???


The american revolutionary war 1775 1783

  • Listen my children and you shall hear to Philadelphia

  • Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,

  • On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five; Hardly a man is now alive

  • Who remembers that famous day and year.

  • He said to his friend, "If the British march By land or sea from the town to-night, Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry arch Of the North Church tower as a signal light,– One if by land, and two if by sea; And I on the opposite shore will be, Ready to ride and spread the alarm Through every Middlesex village and farm, For the country folk to be up and to arm."


Minutemen units
MINUTEMEN UNITS to Philadelphia


The british redcoats
THE BRITISH REDCOATS to Philadelphia


Battle of lexington april 19 1775 the shots heard round the world
BATTLE OF LEXINGTON to PhiladelphiaAPRIL 19, 1775“THE SHOTS HEARD ‘ROUND THE WORLD”

  • First battles of war

  • British looking to capture rebel leaders and supplies

  • Brits meet 70 Militia, who begin to disperse

  • Someone fires?

  • British gun down militiamen

  • 8 killed, 10 wounded


Battle of concord april 19 1775 later that day
BATTLE OF CONCORD to PhiladelphiaAPRIL 19, 1775 (later that day)

  • Word spreads about the “murders”

  • Patriots want revenge

  • Assemble 300 on North Bridge

  • Kill 14 British, who are exhausted

  • Brits retreat back to Boston



Battle map
BATTLE MAP to Philadelphia

  • Patriots keep attacking from trees the whole march back. 250 British killed. (90 minutemen)



Second continental congress philadelphia may 10 1775
SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS to Philadelphia Philadelphia - MAY 10, 1775

  • Continental Army officially created

  • Washington named C in C of Army

  • Accepts w/ no pay

  • Still No Call for Independence from “Gov’t”

  • Olive Branch Petition – plea to King to work it out


General george washington
GENERAL GEORGE WASHINGTON to Philadelphia

  • On the day he is commissioned General…


Battle of bunker hill june 17 1775
BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL to PhiladelphiaJUNE 17, 1775


Battle of bunker hill
BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL to Philadelphia


Bunker hill battle don t fire until you can see the whites of their eyes patriot william prescott
BUNKER HILL BATTLE to Philadelphia“Don’t fire until you can see the Whites of their Eyes” - Patriot William Prescott


Bunker hill memorials
BUNKER HILL MEMORIALS to Philadelphia


The american revolutionary war 1775 1783


Common sense by thomas paine
Common Sense by: Patriots would runTHOMAS PAINE


Thomas paine memorials

Convinced colonists to use common sense and declare Independence

THOMAS PAINE MEMORIALS


Thomas jefferson
THOMAS JEFFERSON Independence


Writing the declaration of independence with ben franklin john adams
WRITING THE IndependenceDECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE(WITH BEN FRANKLIN & JOHN ADAMS)


Signing of the declaration of independence july 4 1776
SIGNING OF THE IndependenceDECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCEJULY 4, 1776



So we are at war how can we win
So we are at war… IndependenceHow can we win???

  • American Strategy:

  • Can’t go head to head with British Empire

  • Must make war last as long as possible

  • Make British give it up

  • Use guerilla tactics – quick strikes and get out BUT…

  • GW did want a traditional army and trained for it


After a while
After a while… Independence

  • War NOT going well at all

  • Morale very low in Continental Army

  • Washington has not yet won a battle

  • Enlistments will expire end of the year

  • Sooooooo…

  • Washington has plan to deliver Xmas Victory

  • Will attack a Hessian camp at Trenton



Christmas campaign 1776 battle of trenton
CHRISTMAS CAMPAIGN 1776 IndependenceBATTLE OF TRENTON


Hessian surrender to washington
HESSIAN SURRENDER IndependenceTO WASHINGTON

& One week later…


Battle of princeton january 3 1777
BATTLE OF PRINCETON IndependenceJANUARY 3, 1777


Xmas campaigns 1776
XMAS Campaigns, 1776 Independence

  • Trenton and Princeton

  • 2 Small Victories, but gave Army HOPE

  • GW gets new enlistments

  • Tells British colonists are tough and this will be a long fight


Trenton memorial
TRENTON MEMORIAL Independence


Army grinds it out for another year
Army Grinds it out for another year Independence

  • One Significant battle

  • October 17, 1777 – Battle of Saratoga, NY

  • Continentals win, but more importantly

  • Win convinces France to intervene in the War on Patriots side

  • British want to negotiate, Colonists Don’t


The american revolutionary war 1775 1783

CONTINENTAL ARMY AT VALLEY FORGE IndependenceWINTER OF 1777-1778


11 000 men in camp
11,000 men in camp Independence

  • Brutally cold Winter

  • No Supplies for troops

  • 3,000 will die from elements

  • Very low Morale – Many Desertions

  • Maybe only 1,000 actually stay and stick it out

  • GW incredibly stressed out

  • Congress has nothing to send the Army



Washington prayer
WASHINGTON PRAYER Independence



Continental army problems
Continental Army Problems Independence

  • Only GW holds it together – his strength and personality

  • Army size always changing

  • Very short of supplies

  • (Never know what if anything will get from Congress)


War shifts to the south 1779 1781
WAR SHIFTS TO THE SOUTH Independence1779-1781


The american revolutionary war 1775 1783


Benedict arnold
Benedict Arnold Independence

  • General in Continental Army

  • Hero of Saratoga Battle

  • Passed over by Congress

    for promotion – becomes very bitter

  • Gives info to British about GW tactics

  • Commits Treason

  • Plotted to surrender fort at West Point for $20,000 and a commission in British Army


March to yorktown
MARCH TO YORKTOWN Independence


The end nears
The End Nears… Independence

  • Cornwallis chooses to regroup and resupply at Yorktown, VA

  • Thought site was defensible

  • Becomes trapped in by advancing Continental army &…

  • France shows up in the harbor, blocking escape

  • British surrender – fighting ends 1781



Seige of yorktown war ends with peace of paris 1781
SEIGE OF YORKTOWN IndependenceWAR ENDS WITH PEACE OF PARIS 1781


Battle of yorktown
BATTLE OF YORKTOWN Independence




October 17 1781
October 17, 1781 Independence

  • 4 years to the day of Saratoga victory

  • Truce to end fighting agreed on between GW & Cornwalis

  • Treaty (PEACE OF PARIS) signed 2 years later on Sept. 3, 1783

  • Ends the American Revolution


Why did america win
Why did America win??? Independence

  • Colonials able to drag out the war

  • British Gave it up

  • Became too Expensive to keep fighting

  • American strategy pays off

  • NOW THERE IS A NEW COUNTRY!!!!