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The AMERICAN Revolutionary War 1775-1783 PowerPoint Presentation
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The AMERICAN Revolutionary War 1775-1783

The AMERICAN Revolutionary War 1775-1783

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The AMERICAN Revolutionary War 1775-1783

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  1. TheAMERICAN Revolutionary War1775-1783

  2. FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS Philadelphia - September, 1774 • Prepare colonies for possible revolt • Begin to create militias • Most colonists don’t want a total split…yet • Just don’t want to be taxed unfairly • “No taxation w/out Representation”

  3. KEEPING THE CLIMATE RIPE FOR REVOLUTIONSons of Liberty

  4. King George III interprets colonists’ actions as rebellion Sends Redcoats to supress Brits learn where John Hancock & Sam Adams are (Lexington) Also learn where secret militia storage supply is (Concord) 700 British troops secretly set out to capture both BUT… The Opening of the Revolt

  5. Patriots learn of British Plan “TWO IF BY LAND, ONE IF BY SEA”

  6. Need to send someone to ride out to Lexington and Concord & to Philadelphia • Warn of the coming British ambush • Who???

  7. PAUL REVERE’S MIDNIGHT RIDE??? • Riders: Sam Prescott, William Dawes, Israel Bissell & Revere • Revere and Dawes captured after 20 miles • Prescott made it to Concord • Only Bissell made it to Philadelphia to warn • Killed his horse he rode so hard

  8. Jump to 1860 USA on brink of Civil War Need something to unify people Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wants to sell a book Writes “Midnight Ride of Paul Revere” Becomes a hit – legend becomes truth Why Revere so Famous???

  9. Listen my children and you shall hear • Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere, • On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five; Hardly a man is now alive • Who remembers that famous day and year. • He said to his friend, "If the British march By land or sea from the town to-night, Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry arch Of the North Church tower as a signal light,– One if by land, and two if by sea; And I on the opposite shore will be, Ready to ride and spread the alarm Through every Middlesex village and farm, For the country folk to be up and to arm."

  10. MINUTEMEN UNITS

  11. THE BRITISH REDCOATS

  12. BATTLE OF LEXINGTONAPRIL 19, 1775“THE SHOTS HEARD ‘ROUND THE WORLD” • First battles of war • British looking to capture rebel leaders and supplies • Brits meet 70 Militia, who begin to disperse • Someone fires? • British gun down militiamen • 8 killed, 10 wounded

  13. BATTLE OF CONCORDAPRIL 19, 1775 (later that day) • Word spreads about the “murders” • Patriots want revenge • Assemble 300 on North Bridge • Kill 14 British, who are exhausted • Brits retreat back to Boston

  14. NORTH BRIDGE OVER CONCORD RIVER

  15. BATTLE MAP • Patriots keep attacking from trees the whole march back. 250 British killed. (90 minutemen)

  16. THE BRITISH SEIGE OF BOSTON

  17. SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS Philadelphia - MAY 10, 1775 • Continental Army officially created • Washington named C in C of Army • Accepts w/ no pay • Still No Call for Independence from “Gov’t” • Olive Branch Petition – plea to King to work it out

  18. GENERAL GEORGE WASHINGTON • On the day he is commissioned General…

  19. BATTLE OF BUNKER HILLJUNE 17, 1775

  20. BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL

  21. BUNKER HILL BATTLE“Don’t fire until you can see the Whites of their Eyes” - Patriot William Prescott

  22. BUNKER HILL MEMORIALS

  23. British foolishly advance up hill numerous times – thought Patriots would run • They didn’t • 1,000 British Killed • 250 Patriots killed • Compromise now unreachable to King • Colonial Gov’t STILL not want total independence!!! • Until…

  24. Common Sense by:THOMAS PAINE

  25. Convinced colonists to use common sense and declare Independence THOMAS PAINE MEMORIALS

  26. THOMAS JEFFERSON

  27. WRITING THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE(WITH BEN FRANKLIN & JOHN ADAMS)

  28. SIGNING OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCEJULY 4, 1776

  29. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

  30. So we are at war…How can we win??? • American Strategy: • Can’t go head to head with British Empire • Must make war last as long as possible • Make British give it up • Use guerilla tactics – quick strikes and get out BUT… • GW did want a traditional army and trained for it

  31. After a while… • War NOT going well at all • Morale very low in Continental Army • Washington has not yet won a battle • Enlistments will expire end of the year • Sooooooo… • Washington has plan to deliver Xmas Victory • Will attack a Hessian camp at Trenton

  32. WASHINGTON CROSSES THE DELAWARE RIVER

  33. CHRISTMAS CAMPAIGN 1776BATTLE OF TRENTON

  34. HESSIAN SURRENDER TO WASHINGTON & One week later…

  35. BATTLE OF PRINCETONJANUARY 3, 1777

  36. XMAS Campaigns, 1776 • Trenton and Princeton • 2 Small Victories, but gave Army HOPE • GW gets new enlistments • Tells British colonists are tough and this will be a long fight

  37. TRENTON MEMORIAL

  38. Army Grinds it out for another year • One Significant battle • October 17, 1777 – Battle of Saratoga, NY • Continentals win, but more importantly • Win convinces France to intervene in the War on Patriots side • British want to negotiate, Colonists Don’t

  39. CONTINENTAL ARMY AT VALLEY FORGE WINTER OF 1777-1778

  40. 11,000 men in camp • Brutally cold Winter • No Supplies for troops • 3,000 will die from elements • Very low Morale – Many Desertions • Maybe only 1,000 actually stay and stick it out • GW incredibly stressed out • Congress has nothing to send the Army

  41. SUFFERING AT VALLEY FORGE

  42. WASHINGTON PRAYER

  43. VALLRY FORGE MEMORIALS

  44. Continental Army Problems • Only GW holds it together – his strength and personality • Army size always changing • Very short of supplies • (Never know what if anything will get from Congress)