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Solid-State Physics I Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran Fall semester 2011 Educational team : Hamed Saberi , Ph.D. Massoud Amiri, M.Sc. Mehdi Zahedi, B.E.E . Lecture 1: Introduction and motivation Shahrivar 29, 1390. Outline. Part I: Getting to know to each other ...
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ShahidBeheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Fall semester 2011
Massoud Amiri, M.Sc.
Mehdi Zahedi, B.E.E.
Lecture 1: Introduction and motivation
Shahrivar 29, 1390
Part I: Getting to know to each other ...
Part II: Introduction to the course subject: "More is different!"
Solid-state physics: the advent
Solid-state/condensed matter physics: main features and the significance
Solid-state physics and emerging technologies
Solid-state "friends": Cross-fertilization
Part III: Course outline and organization
Textbooks and syllabus
Genral tips to succeed in this course
1381: BSc in atomic and molecular Physics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
1383: MSc in theoretical condensed matter physics, Shahid Beheshti University, under F. Ebrahimi, Tehran, Iran
2009: PhD in theoretical condensed matter physics, University of Munich (LMU), under J. von Deflt & E. Solano, Munich, Germany
2009-2011: Post-docs at LMU, UPV Bilbao and Regensburg
Numerical calculations for strongly correlated systems
Quantum information processing
Mesoscopic Physics: Quantum transport theory and spin electronics
What is solid-state physics all about?
"More is different!" P.W. Anderson
Solid-state physics studies how the large-scale properties of solid materials result from their atomic-scale properties.
The birth of solid-state physics as a separate field with the publication of Fredrick Seitz’s book, Modern Theory of Solids (1940) coalescing parts of many fields such as metallurgy, crystallography, magnetism, and electronic conduction in solids into the new field of solid-state physics.
About twenty years later: the advent of the term condensed-matter physics, including solid-state but also liquids and a variety of materials in condensed phase like quantum fluids, liquid crystals, complex systems etc
Collective phenomena, interactions, correlations
Novel collective phenomena: High-temperature superconductivity, superfluidity, Anderson localization, Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC), persistent currents, Mott insulators, Kondo effect, Fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) etc
"More is different!": Emergent simplifying properties at a higher level of complexity: crystal symmetry, thermodynamic limit, the laws of statistics etc
Semiconductor technlogy: Transistor and integrated circuits technology
Superconductor technologies: SQUID
2007's physics Nobel prize for hard disk technology
Graphene (Nobel prize in physics 2010)
The "tsunami" of Nanotechnology:
phase-coherent contorl of nature at nano-scale
Nanoscience and nanotechnology
Introduction to basic concepts of solid-state physics either to excite the mind for pursuing a condensed matter career or to give a fair overview of the subject to audience with ambitions towards other disciplines of physics
Illustration of modernexamples of technological interest (carbon nanotubes, band structure of graphite and grapheme, quantum Hall effect, transport theory of nanostructures, giant magnetoresistance for hard disk technology along with a pedagogical presentation of the traditional solid-state topics
Considerable attention to the theory of band structures, semiconducting materials and Fermi surface analysis
Much emphasis on exercises of pedagogical merit as well as research-oriented ones through team work under intensive and regular tutorial sessions
Schedule: Sunday and Tuesday 14:30-16:00
(Lecture duration: 90 mins)
Venue: Seminar Room of Physics Department,
Gap-filled E-chalk Tablet PC & projector
"A book is useful to at least one person: its own author!“
Modern mesoscopics/transport aspects:
Filed theoretical aspects:
Refer to course brochure
Office hour: Tuesday 16:30 - 17:30
Temporary course home-page:
Attaendance in tutorial sessions is highly recommended!
Besides the 20% presentation credit, complementary course materials (and sometimes some parts of the syllabus) will be covered throughout the tutorial sessions!
Please do stick to one tutor for evaluation but feel free to attend whichever sessions you wish
And most importantly:
Reading emails and visiting course home-page regularly!
To feel free to ask as many questions as possible/needed
Discussing a lot with other course participants
Identifying local experts (graduate students of condensed matter around etc) for possible questions/discussions
Attending tutorial sessions regularly
Providing regular feedbaks/suggestions to the educational team
Avoiding philiosophiizng physics and learning rather by doing!
Obsolete scientific concepts after adoption of Copenhagen doctrine:
To understand, to learn, to teach, to read or to study, to waste time on deriving equations of others, to do science only to enjoy it etc
Just do it andget it to work!
Pragmatism vs Iranian/Indian understading of sceince especially among students community
Never expect to digest anything upon the first iteration. Don‘t get stuck, rather keep going ahead and always allow multiple iterations
Don't be surprised happening to hear the most commonly used term of science, namely, "I don't know" even from Nobel laureates and try to practice the intellectual courage of using that as much as needed!
“To be, or not to be, that is the question: … ”!
firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Looking forward to seeing you all in the course!
Do you approve by now that: 1+1≠2?
“Those who never make mistakes make the biggest mistake of all: they never try anything new!”