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The Renaissance

The Renaissance

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The Renaissance

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  1. The Renaissance

  2. Monday 9/23 Share your responses regarding the impact of the crusades and the plague on the Feudal System.

  3. Brain Storm- How was the Feudal system effected at the end of the Middle Ages? • How did the Crusades impact the Feudal system? • Thousands of barons and knights mortgaged or sold their lands in order to raise money for a crusading expedition. • Other Lords failed at organizing good heirs to their land. • Private warfare, die out. Which puts less concern on protection. • The peasant's experience • Increased the power of kings • Accelerated the rise of cities since the feudal lords needed the cities’ help to finance their trips. • How did the Plague impact the Feudal system? • Death toll- labor shortages gave leverage to the serfs. • The fear of death overrode the fear of the lords.

  4. Do Now: on a sticky note write one idea of how the Renaissance begins or why it does .. Slap it on the board!!

  5. The Renaissance … and more - Italy: Culture, Art, and Writing • The people of the era • The innovations of the era (printing press; sci revolution • Changes in the Church (Reformation) • Explorers!

  6. Middle Ages- devotion to Religion and a strict social system Renaissance- rebirth of classical learning and a belief in humans as individuals Plague and Crusades- Lords out of power Power to the Merchant class Decline of Feudalism Peasants demand freedom Development of the Renaissance Merchants from the East= rich Italian cities The “hunger” the crusades created Cities!! Greek and Roman guidance in arts ,thinking and writing Wealth=status (not birth)

  7. The Renaissance- 1300s -1500

  8. A New World view:HUMANISM – “YOU CAN DO IT!” Out with religion in with human experience! • Education should encourage a person’s creative powers • Petrarch in Italy • Assembled a library of Greek & Roman writings

  9. Activity 1 1. Brain storm 2 words that comes to mind when you think of Italy. 2. Read the Short Passage- Come up with 2 points why Italy would be a great home for the Renaissance.

  10. Why Italy? 1. Italians became aware of glorious past • Art & architecture surrounded them • Catholic Church supported many artists & scholars

  11. 2. Geography Plays a Role • location on Mediterranean = trade with Muslim world • Trade = wealth that fueled Renaissance • Scientific & technical knowledge was exchanged

  12. 3. The Italian City-States: Where it all began • No strong central ruler in Italy • Independent city-states develop • Run by powerful & wealthy families like the Medicis in Florence • These families supported the arts

  13. Summary Create a poster advocating for one change you’d like to see during the Renaissance.

  14. Homework Complete the Diagram. - Compare the Middle Ages to the Renaissance

  15. Tues 9/24 Why Italy the Arts and Culture explosion!

  16. Do Now: Why Italy? 1. Brain storm 2 words that comes to mind when you think of Italy 2. Read the Short Passage- Come up with 2 points why Italy would be a great home for the Renaissance.

  17. Why Italy? 1. Italians became aware of glorious past • Art & architecture surrounded them • Catholic Church supported many artists & scholars

  18. 2. Geography Plays a Role • Italy’s location on Mediterranean Sea encouraged trade with Muslim world • Trade provided wealth that fueled Renaissance • Scientific & technical knowledge was exchanged

  19. 3. The Italian City-States: Where it all began • No strong central ruler in Italy • Independent city-states develop • Run by powerful & wealthy families like the Medicis in Florence • These families supported the arts

  20. Florence, Italy

  21. Renaissance Art • Portraits were created of famous figures of the day, reflecting humanism • Renaissance artists studied the Greeks & Romans – brought back life-size statues Donatello Sculpture ofGattamelata - 1447

  22. Return to Realism • New techniques develop to make realistic humans & landscapes • Perspective – make distant objects smaller than those close to the viewer • Shading • Oil paints to reflect light • Study anatomy to make sculptures look more accurate

  23. Great Artists of the Renaissance • Ninja Turtles • Leonardo • Michelangelo • Raphael • Donatello • Filippo Brunelleschi

  24. Leonardo da Vinci • A true Renaissance man • Talented in painting, anatomy, music, architecture, & engineering

  25. The Last Supper

  26. Mona Lisa

  27. Sketches of Leonardo

  28. What are these?

  29. Donatello • Sculptor • In bronze • David • Greek Influence

  30. Artists Reading Read the articles about the two artists. For each (on your notes guide) write a few words about the artist and then the pieces he created.

  31. Michelangelo • Another Renaissance man • Painter, sculptor, architect, & poet

  32. Michelangelo's Pieta • Mary holds her dead son Jesus • Realism • ‘dead weight’ • Body position • Restrained grief

  33. Sistine chapel • Commissioned by Pope • Took 4 years to complete • Tells Biblical stories

  34. Raphael • Known for his tender portrayals of Madonna, mother of Jesus

  35. Summary Visual Analysis Raphael’s The School of Athens

  36. Do Now Read the handout on Renaissance, Classical, & Medieval Art. Make a chart that includes some of the features of each time period.

  37. Where ART Thou? • In this game, student teams will compete against each other to see who can correctly identify the appropriate time period for the pieces of artwork that you will see today. You will use the charts you just created to help you identify the art as being either Classical, Medieval, or Renaissance. The team with the most answers correct will earn bonus points for your next quiz/test.