how did greek thought dominate western inquiry for centuries to come n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
How did Greek thought dominate Western inquiry for centuries to come? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
How did Greek thought dominate Western inquiry for centuries to come?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 22

How did Greek thought dominate Western inquiry for centuries to come? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 128 Views
  • Uploaded on

How did Greek thought dominate Western inquiry for centuries to come?. It investigated the relationship between individual freedom and civic responsibility The nature of the beautiful The ideal harmony between the natural world and the intellectual realm

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'How did Greek thought dominate Western inquiry for centuries to come?' - elisha


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
how did greek thought dominate western inquiry for centuries to come
How did Greek thought dominate Western inquiry for centuries to come?
  • It investigated the relationship between individual freedom and civic responsibility
  • The nature of the beautiful
  • The ideal harmony between the natural world and the intellectual realm
  • This body of thought was produced by the polis
  • The pursuit of what Aristotle calledeudaimonia, the good life, resulted in a culture of astonishing sophistication
what is the polis
What is the polis?
  • Isolation from one another
  • Fierce sense of independence
  • Cultural center
  • Polis of Athens consisted of an urban center, surrounding a citadel or acropolis
  • Agora- large open space that served as a public meeting place
  • Stoa – principle architectural feature –
  • open arcade supported by colonnades
the acropolis athens greece 4 th c bce
The Acropolis, Athens, Greece, 4th c. BCE

After the Persians destroyed Athens in 479 BCE, the entire city had to be rebuilt. This afforded the Athenians an opportunity to create one of the greatest monumental pieces in Western architecture.

who were the greeks
Who were the Greeks?
  • Later Greeks thought of the Bronze Age Aegean peoples as their ancestors, using the word archaiologia to describe their knowledge of the past
  • Aegean culture developed on the more than 100 islands in the Mediterranean Sea around mainland Greece around 3000 BCE
  • Trade was dominated by the Phoenicians
what are the cyclades
What are the Cyclades?
  • A series of 100 islands between mainland Greece and Crete
  • They developed a culture that is evidenced by findings on the island of Therawhich included plumbing, murals, and insulated houses.
  • Thera was destroyed by a volcanic eruption around 1623 BCE
miniature ship fresco thera
Miniature Ship Fresco, Thera

The painting was discovered in 1967 on the island of Thera at Akrotiri, a community that had been buried beneath one of the largest volcanic eruptions.

figurine of a woman from the cyclades 2500 bce
Figurine of a woman from the Cyclades. 2500 BCE.

The figurine may have served a ritual purpose.

minoan culture in crete
Minoan Culture in Crete
  • The largest island of the Cyclades is Crete.
  • A civilization called Minoan, after the legendary king Minos, developed there between 1900-1375 BCE.
  • The Minoans worshiped one female goddess associated with mountains, caves, snakes etc.
how does the palace of minos attest to greek prosperity
How does the palace of Minos attest to Greek prosperity?
  • Unfortified
  • Numerous store rooms
  • The labrys (double axe) is a prominent decorative element in Knossos
  • The word labyrinth eventually came to mean a maze after the complicated layout of the palace of Knossos
  • The founding myth of Theseus and the Minotaur
  • Rather than narrating the origin of humankind in general, it tells the story of the birth of one culture out of another
  • The palace of Knossos was abandoned around 1450 BCE.
  • Deforestation
  • Volcanic eruption at Thera
  • Power of the Mycenaeans
bull leaping toreador fresco palace at knossos
Bull Leaping, Toreador Fresco, palace at Knossos

The emphasis on the bull is unique to Crete. Three almost-nude figures appear to toy with a charging bull.

who were the mycenaeans
Who were the Mycenaeans?
  • Occupied Crete
  • Flourished on mainland Greece around 1500 BCE
  • German archeologist Heinrich Schliemann discovered the ruins of Mycenae
  • Carried out trade with Africa
  • Vast accumulation of wealth
  • The walls of the city were built from huge blocks of rough-hewn stone, in a technique called cyclopean masonry
lion gate mycenae greece
Lion Gate, Mycenae, Greece

The lions are carve on a triangle of stone that relieves the weight of the massive doorway from the lintel.

what are the homeric epics
What are the Homeric epics?
  • Homer, a Greek bard, 800 BCE
  • Iliad– narrates an episode in the Trojan War, which began when the Greeks launched a large fleet of ships under King Agamemnon of Mycenae to bring back Helen, the wife of his brother Menalus of Sparta, who eloped with Paris, son of Priam of Troy
  • Vivid picture of war and arete (virtue)
  • Odyssey –recounts his return voyage home to his wife Penelope
  • Invocation of the muse
  • In medias res
botkin class amphora 540 bce
Botkin Class Amphora, 540 BCE.

The amphora is a Greek jar used for storing oil or wine – embodies the concept of arete.

delos and delphi
Delos and Delphi
  • Sacred religious sites
  • Delphi – here the Greeks believed, the Earth was attached to the sky by its navel
  • Apollo spoke, through the medium of a woman called Pythia
amphora showing a foot race at the games in athens 530 bce
Amphora showing a foot-race at the Games in Athens, 530, BCE.

Greek sculpture celebrated the male nude, kouros.