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The Oregon Trail War with Mexico California Gold Rush. Pages 447-451 Workbook 79. The Oregon Country. 1834 – Christian missionaries journeyed to the Oregon Country to set up missions and teach Christianity to the Indians.

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the oregon country
The Oregon Country
  • 1834 – Christian missionaries journeyed to the Oregon Country to set up missions and teach Christianity to the Indians.
  • The Oregon Country was made up of present-day Oregon, Washington, and Idaho and parts of Montana and Wyoming.
the oregon dream
The Oregon Dream
  • Missionaries sent letters to people back East telling about the green valleys, wooded hills, and fertile soil of the Oregon Country.
  • Many people began to dream of living in this part of the country.
the oregon trail
The Oregon Trail
  • The Oregon Trail led northwest more than 2,000 miles from Independence, Missouri to Oregon City in Oregon.
  • The Pioneers traveled across the Continental Divide, an imaginary line that runs north and south along the highest points of the Rocky Mountains.
the journey west
The Journey West
  • The average trip lasted about six months.
  • Fresh water was scarce.
  • Sudden storms soaked travelers.
  • Wagons broke down.
  • Rivers had to be crossed.
  • Many died along the way.
  • Settlements quickly grew.
president james k polk
President James K. Polk
  • President Polk was the second President from the state of Tennessee. (1845-1849)
  • He signed a treaty with Britain establishing the boundary between British Canada and the United States. (Oregon Country)
  • The treaty gave the U.S. the lands that are now Oregon, Washington, Idaho, western Montana, and Wyoming.
president james k polk16
President James K. Polk
  • President Polk believed in Manifest Destiny.
  • He thought all the lands west of Texas should be part of the United States.
  • Ownership of these lands were in question between the U.S. and Mexico.
trouble with mexico 1846
Trouble with Mexico - 1846
  • President Polk sent soldiers into lands in southern Texas that were disputed between the U.S. and Mexico.
  • Mexican troops crossed the Rio Grande and attacked an American patrol.
  • Polk asked Congress to declare war on Mexico.
war with mexico 1847 1848
War with Mexico – 1847-1848
  • The United States invaded Mexico by sea led by General Winfield Scott.
  • The Treaty of Guadalupe ended the war in 1848.
  • The United States purchased California, and the land that makes up Utah, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming for $15 million.
california gold rush 1848 1849
California Gold Rush 1848-1849
  • In 1848 gold was found near Sacramento, California.
  • Workers at Sutter’s Mill were building a waterwheel when gold was spotted in the water.
  • More than 80,000 gold seekers came to California in 1849.
  • They were called the forty-niners.