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Types of Fruits. Indehiscent Fruits. Dry fruits which do not split along definite lines to release seeds at maturity. Examples:. Achene Samara Caryopsis Nut. Achene. Seed coat not fused with ovary wall. Achene: Sunflower Seed. Samara. Ovary wall forms a winglike structure.

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indehiscent fruits
Indehiscent Fruits
  • Dry fruits which do not split along definite lines to release seeds at maturity.
examples
Examples:
  • Achene
  • Samara
  • Caryopsis
  • Nut
achene
Achene
  • Seed coat not fused with ovary wall.
samara
Samara
  • Ovary wall forms a winglike structure.
  • Dry; frequently used for seed dispersal by wind.
caryopsis grain
Caryopsis (grain)
  • Seed coat fused with ovary wall.
slide10
Nut
  • Ovary wall is tough and woody.
dehiscent fruits
Dehiscent fruits
  • Fruits which open at maturity to shed their seeds.
examples13
Examples:
  • Follicle
  • Legume
  • Capsule
follicle
Follicle
  • Fruit splits open along ONE seam.
legume
Legume
  • Fruit splits open along TWO seams.
capsule
Capsule
  • Fruit opens by various means, usually along more than two seams.
fleshy fruits
Fleshy Fruits
  • Fruit is generally moist and often edible.
examples21
Examples:
  • Drupe
  • Berry
  • False Berry
  • Hesperidium
  • Pome
drupe
Drupe
  • Fruit is fleshy all the way out to the covering.
  • Woody interior covering. The seed is covered by a very hard cover. Sometimes these are called stone fruits.
berry
Berry
  • Fruit is fleshy all the way out to the covering, which is usually thin.
  • Interior seeds are NOT covered by a hard coat.
false berry
False Berry
  • Looks like a berry, but often has a harder outer coat. Seeds are clustered in the middle rather than throughout the fruit.
hesperidium not on your key
Hesperidium (not on your key)
  • Outer soft rind which is white on the inside.
  • Citrus Fruits belong here.
slide30
Pome
  • Fruit is fleshy out to the covering.
  • A few seeds are inside a core which is not eaten because it has a leathery interior coating.
aggregate fruits
Aggregate Fruits
  • Fruit composed of mature ovaries from separate pistils of one flower
  • Example: raspberry, strawberry
multiple fruits
Multiple Fruits
  • Fruit composed of mature ovaries from several flowers.
  • Example: pineapple