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School Safety and Security. National Crime Prevention Council 2006. Objectives. School safety and security issues Factors affecting school safety Key components of school safety planning Engaging the community for safer schools. School Crime and Violence.

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school safety and security

SchoolSafety and Security

National Crime Prevention Council


  • School safety and security issues
  • Factors affecting school safety
  • Key components of school safety planning
  • Engaging the community for safer schools

National Crime Prevention Council

school crime and violence
School Crime and Violence
  • Youth are the most victimized people in the United States.
  • Youth were victims of about 1.9 million nonfatal crimes while at school in 2003.
    • Two-thirds of student victimization was by theft.
    • One-third of student victimization was by violent crime.

Source: Indicators of School Crime and Violence, U.S. Department of Education, 2005

National Crime Prevention Council

school crime and safety
School Crime and Safety

Students say

  • 7% were bullied
  • 9% were threatened or injured with a weapon
  • 13% reported being in a fight on school property
  • 21% reported gangs in their schools
  • 29% were offered or given drugs
  • 36% saw hate graffiti; 12% were the victims of hate speech

Source: Indicators of School Crime and Safety,U.S. Department of Education, 2005

National Crime Prevention Council

school crime and safety5
School Crime and Safety

*Violence includes rape, sexual assault, robbery, simple assault, and aggravated assault.

Source: Indicators of School Crime and Violence, U.S. Department of Education, 2005

National Crime Prevention Council

maslow s hierarchy of needs
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Self-Actualization - LEARNING


Belongingness and Love



National Crime Prevention Council

impact on achievement
Impact on Achievement

“Theft and violence at school and while going to and from school can lead to a disruptive and threatening environment, physical injury, and emotional stress, and can be an obstacle to student achievement.”

Source: Elliott, Hamburg, and Williams, 1998

National Crime Prevention Council

factors affecting safety
Factors Affecting Safety
  • School security
    • Hardware, technology, protocols, and policies
  • School design
    • Access control, natural surveillance, and territorial reinforcement
  • School climate
    • Values, norms, and attitudes

National Crime Prevention Council

school climate issues
School Climate Issues
  • Bullying, intimidation, and isolation
  • Harassment and prejudice
  • Social cliques
  • Theft and graffiti
  • Lack of connectedness
  • Disrespect between teachers/staff and students
  • Lack of student reporting of crime and safety issues

National Crime Prevention Council

safe schools
Safe Schools
  • Positive school climate and atmosphere
  • Clear and high academic and disciplinary expectations of students
  • Strong student attachment to the school
  • High levels of both student participation and parent involvement
  • Values and practices that make everyone feel included; appreciation of diversity

Source: Trends and Issues Affecting School Safety, 2001

National Crime Prevention Council

safe schools11
Safe Schools
  • Building and grounds are well maintained.
  • Students feel safe reporting crime and safety problems to staff.
  • Disciplinary and safety problems are quickly and appropriately addressed.
  • Access is controlled and visitors are monitored.
  • All staff actively supervise students both inside and outside the classroom.
  • All areas are safe by design or by staff supervision.

National Crime Prevention Council

safe schools planning
Safe Schools Planning
  • Establish a team.
  • Assess needs.
  • Prioritize needs.
  • Develop and implement a plan.

National Crime Prevention Council

who should be involved

Community-based Organizations

Faith Community

Neighborhood Watch and

Crime Prevention Groups

Police and First


Elected Officials

And Community



SRO, School

Police Officers, and

Local Law




Staff, and Board

Local Business


Mental Health



Social Workers

Parents and


Board of Education

and District Staff

News Media

Who Should Be Involved?

National Crime Prevention Council

needs assessment
Needs Assessment
  • Collect existing indicator data.
  • Survey parents, staff, and students about their safety concerns.
  • Assess climate, security, and design.
  • Conduct an inventory of assets.

National Crime Prevention Council

prioritize needs
Prioritize Needs
  • What’s important?
  • What’s feasible?

National Crime Prevention Council

develop a plan
Develop a Plan
  • Set measurable objectives that include
    • Time frame
    • Desired change.
  • Select effective programs and strategies.
  • Break the plan down step-by-step.

National Crime Prevention Council

engaging the community
Engaging the Community
  • Involve community members on the planning team.
  • Gather their feedback through surveys.
  • Involve them through a forum.
  • Consult them as needed for expertise.
  • Ask for their support of measures.

National Crime Prevention Council

parents and caregivers
Parents and Caregivers
  • Program development and implementation
  • Cultural/diversity programming
  • Mentoring and volunteering (can serve as hallway, playground, and lunchroom monitors)
  • Visitor check-in table
  • Safety patrols to and from school
  • Advocacy to elected officials and school board

National Crime Prevention Council

community service providers
Community Service Providers
  • Identifying learning and behavioral problems
  • Counseling
  • Resolving conflicts and providing alternatives to violence
  • Conducting parent education programs
  • Teaching social skills
  • Providing afterschool and in-school programming
  • Providing safe havens for kids

National Crime Prevention Council

law enforcement and first responders
Law Enforcement and First Responders
  • Information-sharing and collaboration
  • Training for staff in emergency response
  • Training for staff and School Resource Officers in warning signs
  • Law-related education for students
  • CPR and first aid classes for staff and students
  • Mentoring and tutoring

National Crime Prevention Council

legal and business communities
Legal and Business Communities
  • Legal alternatives and advice
  • Supervise student courts and train students how to run them
  • Afterschool employment or internships
  • In-kind or monetary donations
  • Mentoring and volunteering
  • Staff training and education
  • Safe havens for kids

National Crime Prevention Council

community and state leaders
Community and State Leaders
  • Speak at awareness-building events
  • Provide influential leadership
  • Build support in the community
  • Provide expertise on available alternative and supplementary resources

National Crime Prevention Council

  • Stopping School Violence: A Dozen Things – A set of six reproducible tip sheets, one each for parents, students, teachers, law enforcement, principals, and others
  • Caregivers’ Guide to School Safety and Security – An informational guide for parents and community members
  • Safer Schools: Strategies for Educators and Law Enforcement Seeking To Prevent Violence Within Schools
  • School Safety and Security Toolkit – A step-by-step guide to school safety planning; includes tools for assessing needs and developing an action plan (CD-ROM)

National Crime Prevention Council

  • National Crime Prevention Council

  • Youth Crime Watch of America
  • National Criminal Justice Reference Service

National Crime Prevention Council

national crime prevention council
National Crime Prevention Council

1000 Connecticut Avenue, NW

Thirteenth Floor

Washington, DC 20036


National Crime Prevention Council

presenter contact information
Presenter Contact Information

National Crime Prevention Council