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WHO/UNEP WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGO

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WHO/UNEP WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGO - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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WHO/UNEP WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONVENTION ON ORGANIC POLLUTANTS Amman – Jordan 7-11/12/2003 Country Report /Jordan Dr. Mohammed Obaidat V-B.D program manager MOH/Jordan.

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WHO/UNEP WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONVENTION ON ORGANIC POLLUTANTS

Amman – Jordan

7-11/12/2003

Country Report /Jordan

Dr. Mohammed Obaidat

V-B.D program manager

MOH/Jordan

responsibilities of ministry of agriculture moa
Responsibilities of Ministry of Agriculture (MOA)
  • Legislation
  • Registration : committee: - MOA, MOH, MOE, R.S.A,J.U
  • Inspection & Surveillance : Procurement, licensing, production,

formulation, packing, storage, transport and distribution.

- Factories for local industry of insecticides.

- Imported insecticides.

  • Quality control: - Samples examined in laboratories: Ministry of Agriculture, Royal Scientific Society and Jordan University.
  • - Field inspection
users
Users
  • MOA : use in agriculture as part of I.P.M. and control of termites by O.P
  • Municipalities: Nuisance caused by mosquitoes, flies and other pests used mainly outdoors by space spraying (U.L.V and thermal fogging) Insecticides: OP, cerbamates and pyrethroids.
  • Use in Waste water treatment plantations for control of mosquitoes larvae by use of IGRs (methoprin, Diflubenzorone).
  • Use in veterinary services for livestock disinsectization: OP
  • Use in private sector: monitoring by MOA : specification
  • Ministry of Health: Prevention and control of vector-born diseases
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VBD in Jordan are not a priority and not considered as a public health problem. Malaria was eradicated in 1970 and the country still free of local transmission but there still a potential for re-introduction of the disease. Receptive areas are Jordan valley, Al-Karak lowlands and valleys connected to them with 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes from which 3 species were proved to be vectors for the disease.
malaria control program has 2 main components
Malaria control program has 2 main components:
  • Early detection and treatment of imported case by both ACD and PCD with 150-200 cases every year.
  • Vetor control: Evidence based Integrated vector control
  • Source reduction:
    • Cimented canals for irrigation
    • Intermittent irrigation
    • Dripping irrigation
  • Self protection:
    • Better housing and conditions of life
    • Screens
    • Inspection of houses by MOH and Municipalities
  • Surveillance of Anopheles mosquitoes:
    • Density of larvae in breeding sites (% of larvae/drip)
    • Man landing rates
    • Susceptibility to insecticides
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Use of temephos 0.5 PPM as larvicide
  • Use of IGRs (Diflubenzorone)
  • Use of deltamethrin/space spraying around imported cases in receptive areas only.
schistosomiasis control program
Schistosomiasis control program
  • Early detection & treatment of imported cases: ACD,PCD.
  • Annual screening of high risk-group in high-risk areas for case detection.
  • Surveillance of water-bodies for snail host (B. Truncates) and use of Niclosamide 1PPM for positive sites where feasible.
  • Health education for high risk groups.
leishmaniasis in jordan
Leishmaniasis in Jordan
  • No visceral Leishmaniasis.
  • Cutanous Leishmaniasis in Jordan is a zoonotic disease; the parasite is Leishmania major. The animal reservoir is psamomys obesus, the vector is phlebotomus papattasi sandfly which use the reservoir host burrows as breeding site.
  • Destruction of burrows and clearance of chenopodiecea plants used for food by the reservoir host are the main protective measures used.
  • The use of Insecticides for other purposes is useful for sandflies.
  • MOH/Jordan do not use insecticides to control leishmaniasis except in outbreaks.
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Other vector-born diseases:
  • No ARBO-Virus diseases recorded in Jordan
  • No rift-valley fever cases
  • No west-nile fever cases
  • Control of flies: IVC
  • Legislation for organic materials (manure) (Ministry of Agriculture)
  • Collection and dumping of solid wastes: Municipalities
  • Health Inspection and education: MOH, Municipalities, MOA
  • Self protection: Better housing.
insecticides pops in jordan
Insecticides POPs in Jordan
  • Prohibition of use (last1992)
  • Obsolete Stocks: -Dialidrin MOA 170kg

-D.D.T MOH 23 Tons

  • Storage: Good conditions
  • Packing & Emballage: Insufficent for transport
  • Transport: not available and need help of donners
  • Disposal: not available and need help of donners
  • Conventions: Agreement on 3 conventions (Roterdam, Basel & Stockholm)
  • Stockholm convention was signed but not yet ratified.
  • NIP project for POPs: still on going
  • Insecticide POPs committee still working as planned for.
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Responsibilities of MOE
  • Responsible with MOA for legislation, Registration
  • Responsible for control of environmental pollution by insecticides
  • Disposal of expired insecticides and POPs
  • Responsible with MOH for human hazards due to insecticides
  • NIP on POPs
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Constraints and Needs
  • Human resources capacity building
  • Training of staff: Entomologists
  • Inter-sectorel coordination
  • Regional and inter-national coordination
  • Community participation
  • Partnerships
  • Sufficient Resources
  • Support to IVM approach to reduce reliance on insecticides in VBD control
  • Monitoring resistance to insecticides
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