Nuclear energy in bulgaria milko kovachev minister of energy and energy resources
Download
1 / 15

NUCLEAR ENERGY IN BULGARIA MILKO KOVACHEV MINISTER OF ENERGY AND ENERGY RESOURCES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 262 Views
  • Updated On :

NUCLEAR ENERGY IN BULGARIA MILKO KOVACHEV MINISTER OF ENERGY AND ENERGY RESOURCES. ANNUAL SYMPOSIUM WORLD NUCLEAR ASSOCIATION 3-5 SEPTEMBER, 2003, LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM. Energy Policy Of Bulgaria. Substantial recent developments New energy strategy (2002)

Related searches for NUCLEAR ENERGY IN BULGARIA MILKO KOVACHEV MINISTER OF ENERGY AND ENERGY RESOURCES

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'NUCLEAR ENERGY IN BULGARIA MILKO KOVACHEV MINISTER OF ENERGY AND ENERGY RESOURCES' - elina


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Nuclear energy in bulgaria milko kovachev minister of energy and energy resources l.jpg

NUCLEAR ENERGY IN BULGARIAMILKO KOVACHEVMINISTER OF ENERGY AND ENERGY RESOURCES

ANNUAL SYMPOSIUM

WORLD NUCLEAR ASSOCIATION

3-5 SEPTEMBER, 2003, LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM


Energy policy of bulgaria l.jpg
Energy Policy Of Bulgaria

  • Substantial recent developments

    • New energy strategy (2002)

    • New energy legislation - in line with the acquis

  • Major priorities – fully corresponding to the EU priorities

    • Security of supply

    • Environmental protection

    • Competitiveness

  • Major steps

    • Liberalization of the markets

    • Privatization

  • Nuclear

    • Plays and will play an important role in the Bulgarian energy sector

  • Nuclear safety – a leading prerequisite


Bulgaria s energy profile l.jpg
Bulgaria’s Energy Profile

  • About 60% of the energy sources imported, mainly in the form of crude oil, natural gas and nuclear fuel

  • The primary energy balance well structured in terms of energy sourcesdiversity


Bulgaria natural energy hub l.jpg
Bulgaria – Natural Energy Hub

  • Natural transit center for energy supplies from Russia and Caspian Region to Southern Europe and from Asia to Central and Eastern Europe

  • Well established energy infrastructure

  • Very good grid transmission capacities

  • Electricity export in 2002 – 7.1 GWh


Export assuring regional energy balance l.jpg
Export Assuring Regional Energy Balance

Romania

Serbia

Montenegro

Albania

Kosovo

FYROM

GreeceTurkey


Nuclear share in bulgaria l.jpg
Nuclear Share in Bulgaria

Net electricity generation

in 2002

  • In 2002, the nuclear share of the installed capacities was 28.7%

  • In 2002, the nuclear share of the generated electricity was over 47%

  • During the last 10 years KNPP covered over 40% of Bulgaria’s electricity demand


Importance of nuclear for bulgaria economic aspects l.jpg
Importance of Nuclear for Bulgaria Economic Aspects

  • Provides ~45% of the electricity generation

  • Enables Bulgaria to be a net exporter of electricity

  • Maintains the effectiveness and competitiveness of electricity production

    • Low production price, life cycle costs included

    • Highly competitive price at the international markets

    • Low fuel component, at low and stable fuel costs


Importance of nuclear for bulgaria environmental aspects l.jpg
Importance of Nuclear for Bulgaria Environmental Aspects

  • Substantially contributes to the environmental protection and global warming prevention goals of Bulgaria

    • In 1995 Bulgaria ratified the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change

    • In 1997 Bulgaria signed the Protocol (ratified 2002) to the Convention committing to decrease with 8% the greenhouse gas emissions by 2020, as compared with 1988 levels


Nuclear power plants in bulgaria l.jpg
Nuclear Power Plants in Bulgaria

  • Kozloduy NPP

    • Units1&2 : VVER– 440/V 230, commissioned 1974, 1975

    • Units 3&4: VVER–440/V 230*, commissioned 1980, 1982

    • Units 5&6: VVER–1000/V 320, commissioned 1988, 1983

  • Belene NPP

    • Infrastructure in place to host 6 VVER-1000 Units

    • Unit 1 constructed 40%, equipment delivered 80%

    • Construction frozen in 1990

    • Governmental Decision in 2002 to reconsider the project


Kozloduy npp present status l.jpg
Kozloduy NPP - Present Status

  • Units 1&2 : shut-down on December 31,2002 by Decision of the Council of Ministers

  • Units 3&4: upgrade programme completed with positive IAEA and WANO assessments. Based on modernization results and new nuclear legislation, in 2003 the Bulgarian Regulator issued long-term licenses for units 3-4 operation

  • Units 5&6: large-scale modernization programme to be completed in 2005, aiming at lifetime extension by 20-25 years


Is nuclear safety a political issue or a technical one l.jpg
Is Nuclear Safety a Political Issue or a Technical One?

  • Political view

    • 1992, G7:

      VVER 440/V 230 plants аre unsafe and not upgradeable at a reasonable price

    • 2002, EC:

      Kozloduy NPP Units 1-4 are considered as unsafe and not

      upgradeable

  • Technical view

    • IAEA 2002

    • WANO 2003

  • Special attention should be paid to the safety level reached after the improvements already implemented


Public acceptance l.jpg
PublicAcceptance

  • Do you agree that Kozloduy NPP is effective

    and competitive?

  • Bulgaria’s Accession to the EU

  • Against the closure of Kozloduy NPP Units 3 and 4 - 77%


Positive features of the nuclear power industry in bulgaria l.jpg
Positive Features of the Nuclear Power Industry in Bulgaria

  • Extensive review process of the design basis and operational safety

  • Stage-by-stage modernization of nuclear installations

  • Upgrading based on approved technologies

  • International Verification

  • Employees are highly motivated to work in the nuclear power industry

  • Highly qualified operational, engineering and maintenance personnel.

  • Senior Management and Operational Staff Certification by a State Qualification Committee

  • Low personnel turn-over

  • National system for training and qualification of the personnel in the nuclear industry field

  • Strong international expert support


Perspectives of nuclear in bulgaria l.jpg
Perspectives of Nuclear in Bulgaria

  • Bulgaria will further rely on the safe use of nuclear power for its energy balance and for keeping its position in the region

  • EU Accession is a national priority for Bulgaria thus defining the frames of the cooperation between the EU and Bulgaria in the energy sector

  • In 2002 Bulgaria provisionally agreed to close units 3 & 4 in 2006, two major issues still remaining to be addressed:

    • Peer Review to be carried out by EU Member States, expected in November 2003

    • Social and economic consequences of early closure to be tackled, substantial EU support expected


Conclusions l.jpg
Conclusions

  • The EU accession is a primary goal of the Bulgarian Government

  • We strongly believe that nuclear safety will not be considered as a political mechanism related to the EU accession

  • We are ready to contribute fully and openly to any professional safety level assessment

  • We expect a substantial assistance to meet the negative impact of early closure of significant nuclear production capacities