Ministry of Mining and EnergyRepublic of Serbiawww.mem.sr.gov.yu Impact of Energy on stability and Economic Development in the Region Serbian Oil and Gas sector
SERBIAN ENERGY MILESTONES • Energy Law is enforced on August 1st 2004 • Serbian Energy Policy (Energy Strategy Paper) was adopted on August 2005. • Treaty establishing the SE Energy Community was signed at October 25th 2005
OIL&GAS SECTORMAIN EVENTS • Reorganization of PE NIS • NIS a.d Privatization
AUGUST 2005 Public Enterprise NIS for exploration, production, processing and trade of oil and natural gas was divided into the new entities: “NIS” a.d. Joint Stock Company for exploration, production, processing, distribution and trade of oil and oil derivatives and for exploration and production of natural gas, PE ” Srbijagas”, Public Enterprise for natural gas transport, storage, distribution and trade; PE “Transnafta” Public Enterprise for the transport of oil by the oil transportation pipelines and oil derivatives by product pipelines;
“NIS” a.d. privatization process At the moment, the Government has an intention to privatize “NIS” a.d. only. The Government passed a decision on the selection of the Privatization Advisor for “NIS” a.d. Merrill Linch&Raiffeisen Investment AG were selected by public tender procedure for Privatization Advisor The Advisor’s task is to prepare and implementthe privatization strategy for “NIS” a.d.. The completion of the privatization strategy is expected in June 2006.
Domestic oil&gas production 2005 Oil 720.000 t Gas 290.000 cm
Private PS 41% NIS 39% Lukoil 14% Eko YU (Hellenic Petroleum) 1% OMV 2% AVIA 3% TOTAL 1,250 Petrol Stations Retail Network
Serbian Gas sector • Main pipeline - capacity are over 6 billion m³ of gas annually • Natural gas is supplied toapp. 1,000 industrial consumers 155,000 households
Import routes via Romania (north) Russia 32 via Romania (central) Russia or Caspian/ Iran 76 Nabucco pipeline via Bulgaria Russia or Caspian/ Iran 83 Nabucco pipeline via Croatia North African LNG 36 Croatian terminal via Croatia and BiH North African LNG 73 Croatian terminal via Macedonia Caspian/ Iran 67 Turkey-Greece pipeline via Montenegro North African LNG 195 Montenegro terminal via Albania Caspian/ Iran 202 Turkey-Greece pipeline Route Source/dependanciesUS$ million
Transit routes Croatia Bosnia andHerzegovina Albania Macedonia
Interconnection of Romanian, Serbian and Croatian pipeline systems Project status:potential Interconnection of Serbian and Croatian pipeline systems would provide transit of gas to Croatia, particularly in case of connection to Romania pipeline system (Arad-Mokrin route) Connection imoprt routes: • (Arad-Mokrin route) Connection export routes: • Sombor-Osijek, • Bačka Palanka-Ilok,Sremska Mitrovica (Šid)-Vinkovci
Potential transit volumes potential transit volumes in 2015, bcm • Croatia 0.5 • Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.5 • [Montenegro] 1.0 • Albania 0.5 • Macedonia 1.0 • SubTOTAL 4.5 • Serbia 3.5 • TOTAL 8.0
THE PAN EUROPEAN OIL PIPELINE (PEOP) SCHORTEST ROUTE TO EUROPE
THE PAN EUROPEAN OIL PIPELINE PEOP PIPELINE Constanza (Romania) – Serbia –Croatia – Trieste (Italy)
POTENTIAL PIPELINE CAPACITY 40 million tonnes per year 60 million tonnes per year 90 million tonnes per year Final design capacity will depend on negotiated agreements with oil producers and refiners
A 1319 km pipeline to transport crude oil from Black Sea to Western/Central Europe Start - a new marine terminal in Constanta, Romania Terminate - at in Trieste, Italy Traverses - Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia & Italy Supplies - Western European Market by directly feeding into the existing pipeline network.
CORE MARKET FOR PEOP Industrial heartlands of Northern Italy, Germany, Austria and Czech Republic Refineries supplied by existing pipelines Pipeline fed from Trieste and Genoa, supplied by tankers using the Adriatic and Mediterranean Seas
PEOP Target Markets TAL 37-40 Mt/y Romania 10-17 Mil.T/y Croatia 5-7 Mt/y Adriatic 15 Mt/y Serbia 5-8 mil.T/y SPSE(25) & Other MED Refineries : 100 Mt/y Other Italian Refineries80 Mt/y ----- Demand 2010- 2030
PEOP Integration with EuropeanCrude Oil Distribution Grid TAL PEOP North Italian Grid
BENEFITS OF PEOP Security of Supply for Host Countriesand the rest of Europe Substantial Economic Benefits for Host Countries Enhanced Regional Cooperation and Interdependence Reduced Environmental Risk in the Bosporus and Adriatic Sea
BENEFITS OFPEOP ROUTE All other projects need export ports - PEOP no ! All alternative routes would significantly increase port activity in the Adriatic and/or Mediterranean - PEOP no ! All other pojects increase tankers traffic in the Adriatic and/or Mediterranean - PEOP no !
NEXT STEPS Establish PDC Host Government Agreement “Bankable” PEOP Project Promotion Of The Project Agreements with oil producers and refiners, and financial institutions Establish PEOP company Construct First Oil 2013?
Conclusionsof the Interstate Committee Meetingheld in Rome on March 24, 2006 • (MoU) is to be signed between Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Croatia and Italy in the last week of April or in the first week of May. • It is open to Slovenia to join MoU with the Statement to be annexed to the MoU or any other way. • IC concluded that Legal team will prepare the Final Draft of PEOP Project Framework Agreement and all States will participate in it.