slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Michael A. Swit, Esq. Law Offices of Michael A. Swit 539 Samuel Ct., Suite 229 Encinitas, California 92024 760-815-4762 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Michael A. Swit, Esq. Law Offices of Michael A. Swit 539 Samuel Ct., Suite 229 Encinitas, California 92024 760-815-4762

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 79

Michael A. Swit, Esq. Law Offices of Michael A. Swit 539 Samuel Ct., Suite 229 Encinitas, California 92024 760-815-4762 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 254 Views
  • Uploaded on

Legal and Regulatory Concerns in the Sourcing of FDA-Regulated Products, Components & Services Part 1 – The Impact of FDA Legal & Regulatory Requirements on Device Company Sourcing Activities. Michael A. Swit, Esq. Law Offices of Michael A. Swit 539 Samuel Ct., Suite 229

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Michael A. Swit, Esq. Law Offices of Michael A. Swit 539 Samuel Ct., Suite 229 Encinitas, California 92024 760-815-4762' - elina


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Legal and Regulatory Concerns in the Sourcing of FDA-RegulatedProducts, Components & ServicesPart 1 – The Impact of FDA Legal & Regulatory Requirements on Device Company Sourcing Activities

Michael A. Swit, Esq.

Law Offices of Michael A. Swit

539 Samuel Ct., Suite 229

Encinitas, California 92024

760-815-4762 ♦ 760-454-2979 (fax)

mswit@fdacounsel.com

FDACounsel.com

center for professional advancement in house seminar vendor supplier qualification

Center for Professional AdvancementIn-House SeminarVendor & Supplier Qualification

Siemens

Concord, California

January 29, 2004

FDACounsel.com

the federal food drug and cosmetic act fdca
THE FEDERAL FOOD, DRUG, and COSMETIC ACT (“FDCA”)

 The main law that applies to biomedical companies

  • How the FDCA works:
    • FDCA creates requirements you must meet
    • If you don’t meet the requirements, either by doing the wrong thing or failing to do the right thing, you commit a “prohibited act”
    • Any “person” that commits a “prohibited act”can be charged with a crime under the FDCA

FDACounsel.com

the fdca is a strict liability criminal law
THE FDCA IS A “STRICT LIABILITY” CRIMINAL LAW
  • No intent or knowledge (of the crime or the act that = the crime) is needed for a person to be accused of a crime for violating the FDCA; instead …
  • If a violation of the FDCA occurs, and a person was in a position to prevent the violation, then the person may be charged with a crime.
      • U.S. v. Park -- Supreme Court case (1975)

FDACounsel.com

what fdca requires of a regulated company and its employees
WHAT FDCA REQUIRES OF A REGULATED COMPANY and ITS EMPLOYEES:
  • Three basics:
    • Make and sell products that are “approved,” “cleared” or otherwise lawfully marketed
    • Do NOT make or sell products that are “adulterated”
    • Do NOT make or sell products that are “misbranded”

FDACounsel.com

violating fdca s requirements may lead to criminal charges
VIOLATING FDCA’sREQUIREMENTS MAY LEAD TO CRIMINAL CHARGES

 GENERAL RULE #1: If you do anything involving the sale of an unapproved, misbranded or adulterated drug or device, you have committed a Prohibited Act” under §301 of the FDCA

 GENERAL RULE #2:If you do a Prohibited Act, you can be charged with a crime under the FDCA

FDACounsel.com

examples of prohibited acts under fdca 301
EXAMPLES OF “PROHIBITED ACTS” UNDER FDCA §301

 Selling an adulterated or misbranded drug in “interstate commerce” -- i.e., across state lines

 Receiving an adulterated or misbranded drug after it was shipped

 Selling a drug requiring an NDA without having an effective approval

FDACounsel.com

prohibited acts under fdca 301 cont d
“PROHIBITED ACTS” UNDER FDCA §301 (cont’d)

 Refusing to permit FDA toinspect your plant

 Counterfeiting a drug

FDACounsel.com

fda s three powers under fdca if a person does a prohibited act
FDA’s THREE POWERS UNDER FDCA IF A PERSON DOES A “PROHIBITED ACT”

 Criminal prosecutionof individuals or companies

 Seizureof violative goods

 Injunction orders against persons or companies doing the prohibited acts

FDACounsel.com

seizure fdca 304
SEIZUREFDCA § 304
  • Civil Action in rem
  • On “libel” of information in U.S. District Court
  • Affected person can file a “claim” and show why goods are OK
  • After entry of decree, can be:
    • destroyed, sold (if OK) or reconditioned

FDACounsel.com

injunction fdca 302
INJUNCTIONFDCA §  302
  • Civil Action Against Person or Corporation
  • Court has authority to restrain violation AND, in certain circumstances, may order a recall
  • Disgorgement & Abbott Labs & Schering
    • the costs are rising – now $500MM
  • An Injunction action may lead to -- or arise out of -- consent orders

FDACounsel.com

schering plough consent decree may 2002
Schering-Plough Consent Decree, May 2002
  • $500MM fine, subject to court approval, represents disgorgement of profits from adulterated products
  • Result of 13 FDA inspections at 4 facilities in NJ and PR since 1998
  • Fine includes $471,500 payment to cover costs of past FDA inspections

FDACounsel.com

schering plough consent decree may 200213
Schering-Plough Consent Decree, May 2002 …
  • 125 Rx/OTC drugs made at these plants, representing 90% of S-P's products
  • Permanent injunction requires procedures to assure cGMP compliance; suspended manufacturing of 73 products
  • Intensive internal audit required for 5 years, with increased FDA inspection as well

FDACounsel.com

a fourth fda power
A FOURTH FDA “POWER”
  • “Force” a person to do a “Recall”
  • Recalls are “voluntary” requests by a regulated company to send back products that violate the law
    • Devices -- FDA does have power to order a recall [§ 518(e)]; rarely done -- requires a finding that a device would cause “serious, adverse health consequences or death.”

See 21 CFR Part 7 -- general info on recalls

FDACounsel.com

recalls
RECALLS --
  • BUT, FDA has ways to “make” you do a recall
    • threatens prosecution, injunction or seizure
    • threatens or actually spreads bad publicity about person who did the “prohibited act” ♦ FDCA §  705

FDACounsel.com

fda s non judicial enforcement tools
FDA’s Non-Judicial Enforcement Tools:
  • Warning Letters
  • Civil Penalties (devices)
  • “Notices of Violation”
  • Inspections
  • Application Integrity Program
  • Generic Drug Enforcement Act of 1992 Powers (e.g., debarment)
  • Publicity

FDACounsel.com

warning letters
WARNING LETTERS
  • Procedure -- see Regulatory Procedures Manual (RPM), Chapter 8
  • May issue directly from district office
  • Others require FDA HQ sign-off
  • Public documents (your competitors will read -- and circulate -- them)

FDACounsel.com

notices of violation
Notices of Violation
  • Most frequently used on the drug side; now require clearance via FDA Office of Chief Counsel (may change back)
  • Not quite a warning letter, but should be taken seriously

FDACounsel.com

application integrity program aip
APPLICATION INTEGRITY PROGRAM (AIP)
  • Spawned by the generic drug scandal56 Fed. Reg. 46191 -- Sept. 10, 1991
  • See Compliance Policy Guide (CPG) 7150.09 (www.fda.gov/ora/ora_home_page.html)
  • Triggers -- “actions subverting FDA process”: Examples:
    • Fraud in applications or other falsifications
    • Bribery or gratuities
  • Problem -- “bars” you from approvals

FDACounsel.com

application integrity program aip con d
APPLICATION INTEGRITY PROGRAM (AIP) -- con’d
  • Corrective Action Plan -- what you need to do if fall under AIP:
    • Cooperate with FDA and other federal investigators
    • Identify all wrongdoers and remove them from authority

FDACounsel.com

application integrity program aip con d21
APPLICATION INTEGRITY PROGRAM (AIP) -- con’d
    • Conduct an internal review with outside consultants to uncover all other wrongdoing
    • Written action plan:
      • Procedures and controls to preclude in future
      • Ethics programs
  • FDA Verification -- reinspection

FDACounsel.com

criminal prosecution fdca 303
CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONFDCA § 303
  • Process --FDA District Office -- FDA Center OC -- FDA GC -- Justice Department (Ofc. Of CivilLitigation) -- U.S. Attorney -- Grand Jury (if felony sought) –
    • Indictment – felony
    • Information – misdemeanor or for plea agreements

FDACounsel.com

the park case strict liability in action
THE PARK CASE: “Strict Liability in Action”

 Question:Is it fair to charge a person with a crime if they did not know about a violation or did not intend to violate the law?

 Mr. Park --president of Acme Markets

 Acme had a warehouse in Baltimore, which FDA inspectors found to be filthy -- thus, Acme and Mr. Park were charged with adulterating food (also a prohibited act under §301 of FDCA)

FDACounsel.com

the park case cont d
THE PARK CASE (cont’d ...)

 U.S. Supreme Court:

If a person is in a position to stop a violation of the FDCA from occurring, but the violation happens anyway, then that person (whether an individual such as Mr. Park or a company) can be charged with a crime under the FDCA

FDACounsel.com

the park case cont d25
THE PARK CASE (cont’d ...)

Reason: a person who voluntarily takes a job in an industry regulated by the FDCA has a higher duty -- to protect the public health -- thus is subject to the “strict liability” standard of FDCA

FDACounsel.com

the park case cont d26
THE PARK CASE(cont’d ...)

 Exception to Strict Liability:if it was “objectively impossible”for the responsible person (such as Mr. Park) to prevent the violation, then not a crime under FDCA

 “Objective Impossibility” may require, according to one court, that a person show that they exercised extraordinary care to prevent the violation, but it still happened

FDACounsel.com

impact of the park case on a drug or device company
IMPACT OF THE PARK CASE ON A DRUG or DEVICE COMPANY:
  • Company executives have a duty:
    • to try to find violations of the law; and
    • to prevent violations from occurring in the first place
  • Company employees are basically “partners” with the executives because, if you violate the FDCA, your boss could be charged with a crime

FDACounsel.com

why worry about fda compliance
Why Worry About FDA Compliance?
  • FDA Compliance Can Make or Break a Deal
    • Recent Examples:
      • Abbott/Alza Merger
      • Guilford/Gliatech Merger
  • When sourcing you become a “partner” with your vendor -- their problems are yours

FDACounsel.com

why worry
Why Worry...?
  • FDA – via law or power -- mandates you worry about your vendor/partner’s compliance
    • Poor Suppliers May Delay or Void an Approval
      • Crucial Medical Device Component Supplier
        • Sponsor’s application will not be approved if deficiency at component maker

FDACounsel.com

why worry30
Why Worry …?
  • FDA will make you worry … Power or Law?
    • Poor Suppliers May Delay or Void an Approval …
      • Crucial Device Component
        • Special tactics/concerns:
          • be extremely careful with first-time suppliers
          • special concern -- if never used before, FDA foreign inspection may delay approval process as well
        • Can also impact initiating clinical studies –

Example – Baxter Dialyzer filter recall

FDACounsel.com

why worry31
Why Worry…?
  • FDA will make you worry … Power or Law?
    • Poor Suppliers May Delay/Void Approvals ...
      • Clinical researchers
        • sponsor’s application may not be approved -- data may be excluded
        • if discovered post-approval, can lead to formal withdrawal of the approval

FDACounsel.com

why worry32
Why Worry …?
  • FDA will make you worry … Power or Law?
    • Poor Suppliers May Delay/Void Approvals ...
      • Clinical researchers …
        • Special tactics/concerns
          • area of high interest today due to 1999 gene therapy death @ U. of Penn. & problems at other major clinical research centers (e.g., Duke, U. of Colo.)
          • sponsors can not avoid FDA liability via contract -- have to have systems in place to ensure compliance

FDACounsel.com

why worry33
Why Worry…?
  • FDA will make you worry … Power or Law?
    • Poor Suppliers May Delay/Void Approvals …
      • Contract Manufacturers
        • must be GMP compliant or FDA approval can be refused
        • Special tactics/concerns
          • tied directly into your application -- their changes will trigger a regulatory duty that may require an FDA filing/approval

FDACounsel.com

why worry34
Why Worry…?
  • FDA will make you worry … Law
    • Supplier or component qualification -- Required -- explicitly or implicitly …
      • Devices -- 21 CFR 820.50 “Each manufacturer shall establish and maintain procedures to ensure that all purchased or otherwise received product and services conform to specified requirements.”

FDACounsel.com

why worry35
Why Worry…?
  • FDA will make you worry … Law
    • Supplier qualification …
      • Devices -- 21 CFR 820.50(a)(1) -- Evaluation Duty
        • applies to suppliers, contractors and consultants-- evaluated as to abililty to meet specified requirements
        • must define the “type and extent of control” over products, services, suppliers, contractors, and consultants”
        • keep records of acceptable suppliers, contractors & consultants

FDACounsel.com

why worry36
Why Worry…?
  • FDA will make you worry … Law
    • Supplier qualification …
      • Devices -- 21 CFR 820.50(b) -- Purchasing Data Duty
        • keep data that “clearly describe or reference the specified requirements, including quality requirements, for purchased or otherwise received product and services.”
          • Note: “product” includes components, manufacturing materials, in-process devices, finished devices and returned devices [21 CFR 820.3(r)]

FDACounsel.com

why worry37
Why Worry...?
  • FDA will make you worry … Law
    • Supplier qualification …
      • Devices -- 21 CFR 820.50(b) -- Purchasing Data Duty
        • Documents “shall include, where possible” an agreement requiring a supplier/contractor/consultant to notify the manufacturer of changes “so that the manufacturer may determine whether the changes may affect the quality of a finished device.

FDACounsel.com

why worry38
Why Worry...?
  • FDA will make you worry … Law
    • Supplier qualification …
      • Biologics -- 21 CFR 600.12(e) -- Records in “divided” manufacturing
        • each participating manufacturer shall furnish the “last” manufacturer “all records relating to the manufacturing operations performed by such manufacturer insofar as they concern the safety, purity and potency of the lots of the product involved

FDACounsel.com

why worry39
Why Worry…?
  • FDA will make you worry … Law
    • Supplier qualification --
      • Biologics -- 21 CFR 600.12(e) -- Records in “divided” manufacturing …
        • Tactics/concerns if you’re the “last” mfr. --
          • defining the records needed re “safety, purity, and potency” -- e.g., does that mean “effectiveness”?
          • be as specific as possible in the supply agreement

FDACounsel.com

why worry40
Why Worry…?
  • FDA will make you worry ... Law
    • Receipt of Components -- Procedures
      • Devices -- 21 CFR 820.80(b) --
        • must have procedures for accepting incoming product
          • tested, inspected or otherwise verified to meet specified requirements
          • acceptance or rejection must be documented
        • nonconforming product -- must notify 3rd party manufacturers -- arguably, there must be an investigation
          • Tactics/concerns -- having leverage to make the manufacturer do such an investigation

FDACounsel.com

why worry41
Why Worry…?
  • FDA Problems Can Be Hard to Fix
    • FDA statutory and other powers against violative companies/products may delay or preclude a fix
      • Inspection -- type will determine impact
        • routine vs. directed
        • short vs. lengthy
      • Seizure -- can be least intrusive
      • Injunction
        • consent decrees -- e.g., Abbott
        • litigated orders

FDACounsel.com

why worry42
Why Worry…?
  • FDA Problems Can Be Hard to Fix ...
      • Criminal Prosecution --
        • The sins of your partner may visit upon you --
          • The E-Ferol Case
        • does not technically preclude supply, but can be so disruptive as to undermine the effectiveness of a vendor
    • Application Integrity Program (AIP) --
      • if your supplier is on it, can be a lengthy, very subjective process for getting through

FDACounsel.com

why worry43
Why Worry…?
  • FDA Problems Can Be Hard to Fix ...
    • Regulatory hurdles -- to cure a problem with an approved product, may require FDA sign-off depending on the nature of the problem.

FDACounsel.com

why worry44
Why Worry…?
  • Products Liability
    • Examples where a supplier caused the problem:
      • Tryptophan -- raw material problem
      • E-Ferol -- poor formulation
      • Carbamazapine -- API process change
  • Securities Liability -- worst case, deal caves; investors (i. e., their lawyers) sue
  • Economic disruption -- you can’t sell if they don’t sell to you

FDACounsel.com

specific fda related procurement problems
Specific FDA-Related Procurement Problems
  • Imported Components
    • FDA powers to stop questionable imports is much greater than for identical problem presented by a domestic manufacturer
      • Reason -- § 801 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act gives FDA power to block an import if the product “appears” to be adulterated or misbranded

FDACounsel.com

specific fda related procurement problems46
Specific FDA-Related Procurement Problems …
  • Imported Components
    • FDA powers to stop questionable imports is much greater than for identical problem presented by a domestic manufacturer
      • Action can occur without physical examination
      • Example -- bulk APIs going through the New York District Office in past half year have all been detained pending proof they are not counterfeit, adulterated or misbranded -- without physical examination.
specific fda related procurement problems47
Specific FDA-Related Procurement Problems …
  • Imported Components ...
    • Foreign suppliers are harder to sue
      • Tryptophan -- Showa Denko allegedly dodged responsibility for medical syndrome due to being off-shore
      • Sulzer -- foreign parent company allegedly refuses to provide any financial support to its subsidiary (ruptured breast implants)

FDACounsel.com

specific fda related procurement problems48
Specific FDA-Related Procurement Problems …
  • Unusual events impacting supplies -- FDA will try to work with you; examples
    • Phillips Petroleum Plant explosion -- sole source for Marlex -- decreased availability of container/closure systems
specific fda related procurement problems49
Specific FDA-Related Procurement Problems …
  • Clinical Studies
    • if you’re the sponsor, need deep “down stream” audit systems and contract controls relative to:
      • CRO’s
      • Investigators --
        • don’t forget to check the FDA list of disqualified investigators
      • IRB’s -- a critical focus today of concerns -- can invalidate data -- PROBLEM -- you may not have a contractual relationship -- insist upon one

FDACounsel.com

specific fda related procurement problems50
Specific FDA-Related Procurement Problems …
  • Labels/Labeling
    • label errors are prime cause of recalls
    • your printer must have clear, written procedures on handling of labels, especially if not dedicated to you exclusively
    • intake controls have to be well-documented, trained and validated
    • change control procedures -- even for changes not being submitted for FDA approval -- are essential

FDACounsel.com

slide51

Legal and Regulatory Concerns in the Sourcing of FDA-RegulatedProducts, Components & ServicesPart 2 – The Contract and Related Legal Strategies

Michael A. Swit, Esq.

Law Offices of Michael A. Swit

539 Samuel Ct., Suite 229

Encinitas, California 92024

760-815-4762 ♦ 760-454-2979 (fax)

mswit@fdacounsel.com

FDACounsel.com

keys to preventing mitigating problems with fda regulated suppliers
Keys to Preventing & Mitigating Problems with FDA-Regulated Suppliers
  • Contract Clauses
  • Audits
  • Surveillance between audits
  • Teamwork at the Buyer

FDACounsel.com

the contract defining your regulatory duties
THE CONTRACT – Defining Your Regulatory Duties
  • Establishes rights and obligations of both parties
  • Written document that reflects oral agreement
  • The basis for any remedial action

FDACounsel.com

drafting the contract
Drafting The Contract
  • Should be written in language you understand
  • Should set forth all the conditions of the contract that are important
  • RECOGNIZE -- FDA regulations control/impact many contracting issues

FDACounsel.com

contract issues for medical devices and components
Contract Issues For Medical Devices And Components
  • Drafting a 510(k) contract
    • List of parties
    • Who sets product specifications
    • Product release
    • Compliance with QSR
    • Compliance with Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
    • Responsibility for vendor audits

FDACounsel.com

medical device contract issues
Medical Device Contract Issues …
  • Drafting a 510(k) contract …
    • Right to audit without notice or with short notice
    • Notification of change in components or manufacturing process
    • Penalties and/or remedies for nonperformance
    • Notification of FDA inspection, including providing FDA 483 and responses

FDACounsel.com

medical device contract issues57
Medical Device Contract Issues …
  • Drafting a 510(k) contract …
    • Termination notification -- usually two years
    • Price
    • Price adjustments based on cost, volume, new regulatory requirements
    • Authority to order recall and cost allocation of recall

FDACounsel.com

medical device contract issues58
Medical Device Contract Issues …
  • Drafting a 510(k) contract …
    • Arbitration clause
    • Notification provision
    • Intellectual property handling
    • Confidentiality

FDACounsel.com

medical device contract issues59
Medical Device Contract Issues …
  • Drafting the PMA Agreement
    • Who is responsible for clinical study data
    • Who is responsible for submitting IDE to FDA or determination that submission of IDE to FDA is not necessary
    • Who will submit PMA
    • Who will respond to agency questions on PMA
    • Publication of data – how handled

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems
Preventing & Mitigating Problems...
  • A Look at Specific Contract Clauses
    • Buyer’s right to audit vendor (and vendor’s key suppliers)
      • without notice
      • at any reasonable time during operations
      • vendor to cooperate fully with audit
      • access to records and personnel to be spelled out

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems61
Preventing & Mitigating Problems …
  • Specific Contract Clauses …
    • advance notice of changes in vendor’s processing -- KEY -- so buyer can assess what regulatory action it must take to keep its approval/submission current

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems62
Preventing & Mitigating Problems...
  • Specific Contract Clauses ...
    • Vendor to cooperate, at no additional expense, with Buyer’s needs to take action to continue to comply with FDA requirements (e.g., vendor to provide data to support filing of supplements to make changes to approved applications)

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems63
Preventing & Mitigating Problems …
  • Specific Contract Clauses ...
    • Vendor’s relations with FDA ...
      • Provide copies of 483’s, EIRs
      • prompt notice to buyer of initiation of FDA inspections
      • prompt transmission/notice to buyer of any FDA regulatory correspondence or other regulatory action

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems64
Preventing & Mitigating Problems...
  • Specific Contract Clauses ...
    • Timely notice of other problems encountered by vendor in its manufacturing process
      • Example: problems in making similar products for others – duty to notify you
    • timely notice of any adverse reactions or complaints reported to vendor

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems65
Preventing & Mitigating Problems …
  • Specific Contract Clauses ...
    • Contractually articulated duty to comply with FDA laws/regulations
      • general
      • specific -- examples
        • providing certificates of analysis
        • testing to be done

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems66
Preventing & Mitigating Problems...
  • Contract Clauses ...
    • Recalls -- duty to of vendor to cooperate with recalls initiated by buyer (if applicable)
    • representations, warranties, etc. about state of past and present compliance with FDA legal/regulatory reqs.

♦♦ “continuing Food & Drug Guarantee” – insulates downstream buyer – but is very limited – just bars criminal prosecution

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems67
Preventing & Mitigating Problems...
  • Contract Clauses ...
    • Indemnification duty from vendor to buyer in event of breach of any FDA-related reps or warranties
    • IDE Related – if delegate to a CRO, must specify in contract what duties are delegated
      • Problem – really doesn’t insulate you from liability

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems68
Preventing & Mitigating Problems...
  • Contract Clauses ...If you want it to happen … or not happen
    • Write it into the contract
    • The contract can be a management tool
    • Tension – time/expense vs. value of contract
      • Partial answer – specific terms and conditions aimed at FDA compliance issues in P.O. or otherwise
preventing mitigating problems69
Preventing & Mitigating Problems …
  • Audits -- the key to compliance
    • No notice (ideal world?)
    • Conduct like an FDA inspection
    • Audit team --
      • should be interdisciplinary in training -- Operations, QA, RA, QC
      • should have an SOP for conducting

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems70
Preventing & Mitigating Problems ...
  • Audits ...
    • Re-audit promptly to confirm corrections
    • General Documents to review
      • chronology of interactions with FDA and other regulatory agencies (e.g., EMEA, HPB, if applicable)
      • all regulatory correspondence/filings between vendor and FDA

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems71
Preventing & Mitigating Problems …
  • Audits ...
    • General Documents to review …
      • minutes of meetings/phone calls with FDA
        • company’s
        • FDA’s (get via FOI if vendor doesn’t have)Tip -- don’t rely just on what the company gives you; seek independent sources of related documents (e.g., under FOI)

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems72
Preventing & Mitigating Problems ...
  • “Surveillance” between audits -- keeping an eye on your vendors
    • Why?
      • “Knowlege is Good” (Faber College motto; Animal House, 1978) -- to be in the best position to anticipate problems
      • To be able to initiate dialogue with vendor as soon as possible after being alerted to a regulatory issue

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems73
Preventing & Mitigating Problems …
  • “Surveillance” between audits -- keeping an eye on your vendors …
    • How?
      • Read the trade and general press
      • Keep track of FDA warning letters (subscribe to FDA e-mail notification services)
      • FOI requests -- direct to FDA or via a third-party service

FDACounsel.com

preventing mitigating problems74
Preventing & Mitigating Problems ...
  • Teamwork at the Buyer
    • My old General Counsel’s nightmare -- “here’s the supply contract, we need to sign it today, can you look it over for any legal issues...?” My reply:“Did you run it by RA, QA, QC?”

FDACounsel.com

specific problems a few unique ones
Specific Problems…A few unique ones….
  • Back-up Manufacturing Plant
    • When needed: whenever manufacturing is contracted out for IND or approved
    • Example: Lilly – 7/18/02 public announcement on 2nd Quarter results and plant problems not being cured until 2003
    • What clause says: lets non-mfg. party seek a backup contractor under appropriate circumstances (e.g., Lilly had GMP problems holding up NDA approvals)

FDACounsel.com

specific problems a few unique ones76
Specific Problems…A few unique ones….
  • Who Owns the Data
    • When needed: whenever studies of any sort are farmed out
    • Example: Client has major study done at University; contract is ambiguous on who controls the data, although clear client can use in FDA product approval filing
    • What clause says: makes clear who owns both raw data and results and the right to authorize publications and references

FDACounsel.com

specific problems a few unique ones77
Specific Problems…A few unique ones….
  • Copies of Data Generated by Contract Labs
    • When needed: whenever testing is contracted out for IND or approved products
    • Example: Oread
    • What clause says: obligates the contract lab to maintain raw data, reports, etcs. and provide a copy in event of insolvency; also could require creation of an extra archival copy of data.

FDACounsel.com

questions
Questions?

Call, e-mail, fax or write:Michael A. Swit, Esq.

Law Offices of Michael A. Swit

539 Samuel Ct., Suite 229

Encinitas, California 92024

760-815-4762 ♦ 760-454-2979 (fax)

mswit@fdacounsel.com

http://www.fdacounsel.com

FDACounsel.com

about the speaker
About the speaker ...

Michael A. Swit has extensive experience in all aspects of FDA regulation with a particular emphasis on drugs and medical device regulation. In addition to his regulatory law experience, Mr. Swit also served for three and a half years as vice president and general counsel of Pharmaceutical Resources, Inc. (PRI) a prominent generic drug company and, thus, brings an industry and commercial perspective to his representation of FDA-regulated companies. While at PRI from 1990 to late 1993, Mr. Swit spearheaded the company’s defense of multiple grand jury investigations, other federal and state proceedings, and securities litigation stemming from the acts of prior management. Mr. Swit then served from 1994 to 1998 as CEO of Washington Business Information, Inc. (WBII) a premier publisher of FDA regulatory newsletters and other specialty information products for the FDA publishing company. Before starting FDACounsel.com, he was with Heller Ehrman from May 2001 to May 2003, and also twice in private practice with McKenna & Cuneo, from 1988 to 1990 and, most recently, from 1999 to 2001, first in that firm’s D.C. office and most recently, in its San Diego office. He first practiced FDA regulatory law with the D.C. office of Burditt & Radzius from 1984 to 1988. Mr. Swit has taught and written on a wide variety of subjects relating to FDA law including, since 1989, co-directing a three-day intensive course on the generic drug approval process, serving on the Editorial Board of the Food & Drug Law Journal, and editing a guide to the generic drug approval process, Getting Your Generic Drug Approved, published by WBII. Mr. Swit holds an A.B., magna cum laude, with high honors in history, in 1979, from Bowdoin College, and earned his law degree from Emory University in 1982. He is a member of the California, Virginia and District of Columbia bars.

FDACounsel.com