slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Feudal Japan PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Feudal Japan

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 43

Feudal Japan - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 270 Views
  • Uploaded on

Feudal Japan By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Yamato Period: 300-710 Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture: Confucianism. Language ( kanji characters). Buddhist sects. Chinese art & architecture. Government structure. “Great Kings” era

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Feudal Japan' - elina


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Feudal

Japan

By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

slide2

Yamato Period: 300-710

Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture:

  • Confucianism.
  • Language (kanji characters).
  • Buddhist sects.
  • Chinese art & architecture.
  • Government structure.

“Great Kings” era

slide3

Prince Shotoku: 573-621

  • Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism.
  • Buddhist sects allowed to develop.
  • Created a new government structure:
    • 17 Article Constitution in 604. 
slide4

Heian Period: 794-1156

Characteristics:

  • Growth of large landed estates.
  • Arts & literature of China flourished.
  • Elaborate court life [highly refined]
    • ETIQUETTE. 
  • Personal diaries
    • The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10c]
  • Great novel
    • The Tale of Genjiby Lady Murasaki Shikibu[1000 pgs.+] 
  • Moving away from Chinese models in religion, the arts, and government. 
slide5

Heian Period:Cultural Borrowing

  • Chinese writing.
  • Chinese artistic styles.
  • Buddhism [in the form of ZEN].
  • BUT, not the Chinese civil service system! 
slide11

Lady Murasaki Shikibu

She contributed much to the Japanese script known as kana, while men wrote with Chinese characters, kanji.

slide12

Minamoto Yoritomo

Founded the Kamakura Shogunate: 1185-1333

slide14

Feudalism

A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service.Japan:

Shogun

Land - Shoen

Loyalty

Land - Shoen

Daimyo

Daimyo

Loyalty

Samurai

Samurai

Samurai

Food

Protection

Peasant

Peasant

Peasant

Peasant

slide15

Code of Bushido

  • Fidelity
  • Politeness
  • Virility
  • Simplicity
slide16

Seppuku: Ritual Suicide

It is honorable to die in this way.

Kaishaku – his “seconds”

slide20

Underpinnings: Basic Steps in Self Defense

A COTTON BREECH CLOUT that extended up over the chest was the basic undergarment of a samurai’s costume

A SHORT SLEEVED KIMONO, or “armor robe,” was tied snugly at the waist with a special knot (lower right)

slide21

BILLOWING PANTALOONS,worn over the armor robe, fitted loosely in the legs to allow freedom of movement

AN EXQUISITE BROCADE, richly worked with a design of peonies, was one of the extravagant materials used in an armor robe that may have been made for a 14th Century imperial prince

STURDY SHINGUARDS of cloth or leather were reinforced with strips of iron to give protection from the front

slide24

Feudalism

A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service.Europe:

King

Land - Fief

Loyalty

Land - Fief

Lord

Lord

Loyalty

Knight

Knight

Knight

Food

Protection

Peasant

Peasant

Peasant

Peasant

slide25

Code of Chivalry

  • Justice
  • Loyalty
  • Defense
  • Courage
  • Faith
  • Humility
  • Nobility
slide26

Medieval Warriors

vs.

European knight

Samurai Warrior

slide27

Medieval Warriors

vs.

Knight’s Armor

Samurai Armor

slide28

Zen Buddhism

A Japanese variation of the Mahayana form of Buddhism, which came from India through China.

It reinforced the Bushido values of mental and self-discipline.

slide29

Mongol“Invasions”of Japan

4,400 ships and 140,000 men, but kamikaze winds stopped them.

slide30

Ashikaga Age: 1338-1573

  • Shogunsfought for power.
  • Laws are unclear.
  • Less efficient than the Kamakura.
  • Armies of samurai protected the country. 
slide36

R

O

E

N

S

slide37

The Age of the Warring States:(1467 - 1568)

Castles built on hills in different provinces.

Power shifts from above to below.

Europeans arrive in Japan  bringing firearms & Christianity.

Christianity & foreign trade flourish.

slide38

Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582)

Banishes the last Ashikaga shogun.

Unifies a large part of Japan.

slide39

Catholic Jesuits in Japan

St. Francis Xavier[First Catholic Missionaries in Asia]

slide40

Toyotomi Hideyoshi(1536-1598)

Becomes suspicious of European territorial ambitions.

Orders all European missionaries expelled from Japan. 

Tries to invade Korea, but fails.

slide42

Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)

  • Appointed shogun by the Emperor.
  • Four-class system laid down with marriage restricted to members of the same class! 
      • Warriors.
      • Farmers.
      • Artisans.
      • Merchants.
slide43

Tokugawa Shogunate Period

  • Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese]. 
      • The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor.
  • Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.
  • The government is centralized with all power in the hands of the shogun.
  • Domestic trade flourishes.
  • Towns, esp. castle towns, increase.
  • Merchant class becomes rich! 
  • New art forms  haiku poetry, kabuki theater.