Facility Risk Management David F. Kent and Gerry Mullock Marsh SEMF
Objectives • Gain an understanding of the regulatory framework relating to facilities risk management, e.g. Objectives of the BCA • Highlight property protection issues that can occur during typical fire service fire scene management • Gain an understanding of performance based design and its potential impact upon property protection • Address risk management issues relating to facilities • owning and occupying facilities • planning for refurbishment or new facilities
Session • Asset Management • Liability Management • Planning and design considerations for building stock and structures refurbishment or new construction • Summary/Conclusion
Maintenance of Essential Health and Safety Features SCIENTISTS ENGINEERS MANAGERS & FACILITATORS
The following items of equipment have been normally maintained under the standard facilities maintenance contract until May 2004.
The following items of equipment have not normally been maintained under the standard facilities maintenance contracts up to May 2004 but are now required to be maintained.
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Parkland Building Parkland Street Street Hydrant Fire lane
Legislative and Regulatory Compliance • Construction defined primarily by Building Code and Building Regulations but also impacted by legislation for OH&S, Dangerous Goods, Environment • Legislation and regulations are a manifestation of the community’s minimum standard • Legislation & regulations are primarily directed at the protection of the community at large • Occupancy or risk to the business is a matter for the organisation and stakeholders
BUILDING CODE (BCA ) Minimum construction requirements for: • Life Safety of Occupants • Life Safety of Fire Fighters • Protection of Adjacent Properties
Performance Regulation “ 229 If a builder build a house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built fall in and kill its owner, then that builder shall be put to death. 230. If it kill the son of the owner the son of that builder shall be put to death. 231. If it kill a slave of the owner, then he shall pay slave for slave to the owner of the house. ” King Hammurabi of Babylonia 1955BC-1913BC Source http://www.yale.edu
Performance Based Design • Allows designers to use innovative solutions based upon design assumptions which may not be as robust as the empirical knowledge in “cookbook” building design • Tailored maintenance solutions & management which may not be sustainable CONS
Performance Based Design • Allows designers to use innovative design solutions instead of applying “cookbook” approach to building design • Allows designers to apply state of art knowledge to designs which may not be formalised in the prescriptive requirements PROS
Performance Design • Combustible insulation • Occupant Intervention • Fire Brigade Intervention • Smoke detection instead of sprinkler protection
Performance Design • Combustible insulation
FIRE SERVICE Fire Service duties are: • Prevention of Fire • Suppression of Fire • Protection of Life • Protection of Property
FIRE SERVICE RECEO • Rescue - Persons • Exposures - Spread of fire to other structures • Containment- Restricting internal fire spread • Extinguishment - Suppression activities • Overhaul - Salvage operations and mopping up
Clear Layer 2.1metres Objective is to maintain clear layer allowing occupants time for escape. Smoke Management
Smoke Management Clear Layer Smoke production can exceed exhaust rate after a period of time.
Liability Management TYPICAL • Slip, trips and falls - Floor surfaces • Egress - Number and size of exits, Exit routes • EWIS, Emergency lighting • Emergency Planning – dynamic process/“foreseeable risk” • Life safety - Sleeping risks (hostels, dormitories etc.)
Liability Management Other exposures • Damage/Fire Spread to 3rd parties • Normal operations • Abnormal operation • Environmental • Air quality • Hazardous Materials (PCBs, Asbestos)
Liability Management Positive controls: • Induction of contractors and their staff (no induction = no access) • Pre-approved contractors processes • Change Management • Document control: • Workers compensation/ Public liability • Employee/contractor nomination
Start Project Cycle Feasibility Study Change of Use and/or Refurbishment Conceptual Design Design Development Design Documentation Construction / Installation Commissioning Management in Use – Operation of the asset eg. event, building, structure etc Demolition End