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Facility Risk Management. David F. Kent and Gerry Mullock Marsh SEMF. Objectives. Gain an understanding of the regulatory framework relating to facilities risk management, e.g. Objectives of the BCA

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facility risk management

Facility Risk Management

David F. Kent and Gerry Mullock

Marsh SEMF

objectives
Objectives
  • Gain an understanding of the regulatory framework relating to facilities risk management, e.g. Objectives of the BCA
  • Highlight property protection issues that can occur during typical fire service fire scene management
  • Gain an understanding of performance based design and its potential impact upon property protection
  • Address risk management issues relating to facilities
    • owning and occupying facilities
    • planning for refurbishment or new facilities
session
Session
  • Asset Management
  • Liability Management
  • Planning and design considerations for building stock and structures refurbishment or new construction
  • Summary/Conclusion
maintenance of essential health and safety features

Maintenance of Essential Health and Safety Features

SCIENTISTS ENGINEERS MANAGERS & FACILITATORS

slide5
The following items of equipment have been normally maintained under the standard facilities maintenance contract until May 2004.
slide12
The following items of equipment have not normally been maintained under the standard facilities maintenance contracts up to May 2004 but are now required to be maintained.
slide31
Visit our website

www.semf.com.au

slide33

Parkland

Building

Parkland

Street

Street

Hydrant

Fire lane

legislative and regulatory compliance
Legislative and Regulatory Compliance
  • Construction defined primarily by Building Code and Building Regulations but also impacted by legislation for OH&S, Dangerous Goods, Environment
  • Legislation and regulations are a manifestation of the community’s minimum standard
  • Legislation & regulations are primarily directed at the protection of the community at large
  • Occupancy or risk to the business is a matter for the organisation and stakeholders
building code bca
BUILDING CODE (BCA )

Minimum construction requirements for:

  • Life Safety of Occupants
  • Life Safety of Fire Fighters
  • Protection of Adjacent Properties
performance regulation
Performance Regulation

“ 229 If a builder build a house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built fall in and kill its owner, then that builder shall be put to death.

230. If it kill the son of the owner the son of that builder shall be put to death.

231. If it kill a slave of the owner, then he shall pay slave for slave to the owner of the house. ”

King Hammurabi of Babylonia 1955BC-1913BC

Source http://www.yale.edu

performance based design
Performance Based Design
  • Allows designers to use innovative solutions based upon design assumptions which may not be as robust as the empirical knowledge in “cookbook” building design
  • Tailored maintenance solutions & management which may not be sustainable

CONS

performance based design38
Performance Based Design
  • Allows designers to use innovative design solutions instead of applying “cookbook” approach to building design
  • Allows designers to apply state of art knowledge to designs which may not be formalised in the prescriptive requirements

PROS

performance design
Performance Design
  • Combustible insulation
  • Occupant Intervention
  • Fire Brigade Intervention
  • Smoke detection instead of sprinkler protection
performance design40
Performance Design
  • Combustible insulation
fire service
FIRE SERVICE

Fire Service duties are:

  • Prevention of Fire
  • Suppression of Fire
  • Protection of Life
  • Protection of Property
fire service42
FIRE SERVICE

RECEO

  • Rescue - Persons
  • Exposures - Spread of fire to other structures
  • Containment- Restricting internal fire spread
  • Extinguishment - Suppression activities
  • Overhaul - Salvage operations and mopping up
smoke management

Clear

Layer

2.1metres

Objective is to maintain clear layer allowing occupants time for escape.

Smoke Management
smoke management44
Smoke Management

Clear

Layer

Smoke production can exceed exhaust rate after a period of time.

liability management46
Liability Management

TYPICAL

  • Slip, trips and falls - Floor surfaces
  • Egress - Number and size of exits, Exit routes
  • EWIS, Emergency lighting
  • Emergency Planning – dynamic process/“foreseeable risk”
  • Life safety - Sleeping risks (hostels, dormitories etc.)
liability management47
Liability Management

Other exposures

  • Damage/Fire Spread to 3rd parties
    • Normal operations
    • Abnormal operation
  • Environmental
    • Air quality
    • Hazardous Materials (PCBs, Asbestos)
liability management48
Liability Management

Positive controls:

  • Induction of contractors and their staff (no induction = no access)
  • Pre-approved contractors processes
  • Change Management
  • Document control:
    • Workers compensation/ Public liability
    • Employee/contractor nomination
project cycle

Start

Project Cycle

Feasibility Study

Change of Use and/or Refurbishment

Conceptual Design

Design Development

Design Documentation

Construction / Installation

Commissioning

Management in Use – Operation of the asset eg. event, building, structure etc

Demolition

End

decision tree property protection

OR

OR

OR

Decision Tree – Property Protection

Includes:

Sprinklers

Fire Detection

Compartmentation

Includes:

Evacuation Systems

Smoke Management

Includes:

Electrical Power

Fire

Arson

Smoking

Includes:

Electrical Power

Fire

Arson

Smoking

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Legislative compliance does not equal addressing operational/business risk
  • Specifications should address operational/business risk
  • Overseas standards should used when there is no Australia equivalent
  • Understand the demands placed upon Public Fire Protection
  • Maintain corporate knowledge of your buildings and systems