cremation at parker mortuary n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Cremation at Parker Mortuary PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Cremation at Parker Mortuary

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 70

Cremation at Parker Mortuary - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Cremation at Parker Mortuary. What are the facts?. Why do we want a crematory. Cremation has grown from .5% of our volume in 1983 to a current volume of 41% We are paying out more to a 3 rd Party crematory than it costs to finance our own We need to provide our clientele what they desire.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Cremation at Parker Mortuary' - elina

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
cremation at parker mortuary

Cremation at Parker Mortuary

What are the facts?

why do we want a crematory
Why do we want a crematory
  • Cremation has grown from .5% of our volume in 1983 to a current volume of 41%
  • We are paying out more to a 3rd Party crematory than it costs to finance our own
  • We need to provide our clientele what they desire
problems with 3 rd party operators
Problems with 3rd Party Operators
  • Abuses by some out-of-state crematories have been in the media
    • California – more than one body cremated in the same chamber at the same time
    • California & Texas -- Families receiving cremated remains proven not to be those of their loved one
    • Georgia – Disreputable operator failed to cremate more than 130 bodies
      • Returned to the funeral homes a box of chat, rather than cremains
      • Bodies were found in and around an adjoining lake on his property
n f d a issued a warning
N.F.D.A. issued a warning
  • As a result of abuses, The National Funeral Directors Association has publicly warned funeral homes
    • To exercise “due diligence” in dealing with 3rd Party crematories
      • Due to unprofessional conduct and liability
      • Include unannounced inspections with documentation
parker mortuary s preference
Parker Mortuary’s Preference
  • To personally supervise every step of the cremation process
  • To assure our families that everything is done in a trustworthy, respectful and proper manner
why must our crematory be on site
Why must our crematorybe on-site?
  • We already have a 45’ x 100’ substantially constructed warehouse
  • Our casket supplier opened a Mt. Vernon warehouse
    • We no longer inventory caskets in the warehouse
why on site
Why on-site?
  • Our warehouse shelters (4) funeral vehicles, yard equipment and office supplies
  • 2/3 of our existing warehouse is already vacant allowing more than sufficient space for
    • The crematory unit and supplies
    • A new 12’x12’x7’ refrigeration facility
how does an on site crematory benefit our families and the community
How does an on-site crematory benefit our families and the community?
  • Each cremation can be monitored by our own staff through every step of the process
  • We have staff on-site 24/7 for security against foul play
  • Our 12’x12’ refrigeration facility will protect public health
    • Allows families time to make decisions about
      • Viewing
      • Cremation
      • Immediate burial
some families prefer being present at a cremation
Some families preferbeing present at a cremation
  • Either for religious reasons
  • For peace of mind knowing their loved one is cared for properly
  • A feeling that they want to go every step of the way with their loved one (similar to a family choosing to stay for a grave closing)
  • Admittedly a rare occurrence
    • Requested by perhaps 12 of our past families
    • However those families do deserve our best
families present continued
Families Present(continued)
  • We can accommodate such requests more easily and suitably on-site.
  • Sending them to an industrial park surrounded by manufacturing plants and commercial warehouses on a gravel road is not our best
  • Locating a crematory in a rural county area
    • Gives the impression cremation is wrong or unhealthy
    • This isn’t the case. Cremation is a very clean and sanitary process.

Meierhoffer Funeral Home & Crematory

5005 Frederick BlvdSaint Joseph, MO 64506

  • The crematory has an attractively decorated and comfortably integrated family viewing area, where family members may witness as well as participate in the cremation process.
  • Family members may participate by actuating the cremation process from controls located in the viewing room.  This option is particularly important for persons of certain faiths. Meierhoffer Funeral Home and Crematory has and always will strive to accommodate the needs of all faiths as their customs dictate.
why on site utilities
Why on-site?-Utilities-
  • It took 3 ½ weeks for us to determine MO Gas Energy could provide sufficient flow and pressure even at 15th & Joplin
    • The more rural a location, the more unlikely sufficient supply could be provided
why on site continued
Why on-site (continued)
  • We would have the added expense of purchasing land
  • Erect or purchase a substantial building
    • To protect the loved ones, in whom we have been entrusted, against foul play
    • To protect our substantial investment in equipment against criminal break-in and storms
why on site continued1
Why on-site (continued)
  • We would have to transport each individual to the location
    • Significant inconvenience and expense
    • Increases possibility of contagious exposure
  • We would have to commit significant man-hours to oversee the process and could never do our job of security and protection justice
where are crematories normally located
Where are crematoriesnormally located?
  • In the 4 states of Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Kansas
    • There are 82 operating crematories
    • 82% (67) are inside incorporated city limits
    • 16% (13) are in unincorporated township limits
    • And 2 operate inside the Mark Twain National Forest
where are crematories
Where are crematories?
  • 84% (69) are located within 500 ft. of a residence, some within 50 ft.
  • Many funeral homes and cemeteries locate their crematories inside their main public building
    • Of 35 Missouri crematories alone, 63% (22) had them in their main building
    • Several others just across the street
    • 3 had 2 operating cremation units and 2 others had 3 units operating
on site continued
On-Site (continued)
  • If any part of the process caused odor or a public health hazard
    • Why would they place them in their main building where people
      • Conduct funeral arrangements
      • Attend viewings or visitations
      • Attend services
  • Further, why in the world would Parker Mortuary do that? We would not.
community benefit
Community Benefit?
  • Control contagious disease (with which we frequently deal)
    • Each time someone with contagion is moved
      • Risk is increased
    • This is why our new refrigeration unit will be in the same on-site building
community benefit1
Community Benefit
  • M.F.D.A. Disaster Preparedness
    • 2 of our staff have participated in training
    • Equipment and personnel are inventoried by the team statewide
    • Teams have attended the Hyatt collapse in K.C., Hardin Cemetery Flood and Katrina
  • A temporary morgue site
    • Is one of the 1st steps in a multiple-death disaster
disaster preparedness
Disaster Preparedness
  • Our warehouse would be a perfect temporary morgue site
    • Including crematory
    • Refrigeration
  • Family and media interviews could be accommodated in our main facility
supply and demand
Supply and Demand
  • Any time free trade is restricted, prices increase
  • It will be left to 2 existing crematories to keep up with increasing demand
    • Joplin families would be the ultimate looser
      • Forced to pay possibly higher prices
      • Without benefit of competition holding prices in check
who regulates crematories
Who regulates crematories?
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Missouri Department of Natural Resources
  • Missouri State Board of Funeral Directors and Embalmers

Board of Embalmers & Funeral Directors3605 Missouri BoulevardP.O. Box 423Jefferson City, MO  65102-0423

u s e p a
U.S. - E.P.A.
  • Mandated in the Clean Air Act the E.P.A. conducted extensive testing
    • At a Bronx, NY crematory in 1999
    • To determine if crematories merited further regulation and inclusion under their category of “other solid waste incinerators”
e p a
  • Tested for
    • Visible emissions
    • Particulate matter
    • Carbon Monoxide
    • Nitrogen Oxides
    • Sulfur Dioxide
    • Dioxins and Furans
  • At 3 operating temperatures
visible emissions
Visible Emissions
  • Averaged 1.91% for the highest 6-Min. Opacity
  • EPA Rule for Limiting Visible Emissions (40 Code of Regulations Part 49 Section 124) is 20%
  • In independent tests, our Therm-Tec unit operated at: 0
particulate matter
Particulate Matter
  • Averaged .08 Lb. per Hour
    • Which equates to 1.6 Lbs. per ton
      • (Parker Mortuary would have to operate our crematory for 1 year and 8 months to produce 1 ton)
    • The E.P.A. Limit for Other Solid Waste Incinerators is 4.7 Lbs. per ton
particulate matter1
Particulate Matter
  • A typical high-volume crematory emits less than ½ as many particulates as
    • A Fast Food Restaurant
    • A residential fireplace produces 6 times more particulates than that of a high-volume crematory
  • High-volume is 260 - 8-Hr. Days per year or 1300 cases per year
  • Parker Mortuary will produce 204 cases per year operating at 15.7% the amount of high-volume
carbon monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
  • Averaged 1.6 Parts per million @ 7% oxygen
  • The typical state limit is 100 Parts per million
  • A residential fireplace emits 58 times more carbon monoxide
diesel trucks
Diesel Trucks
  • A diesel truck emits 366 times more carbon monoxide
  • (by the way…this is an E.P.A. photo)
nitrogen oxide
Nitrogen Oxide
  • Averaged .39 Lb per Hour
  • A restaurant grill averages .48 Lb per hour
sulfur dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
  • Averaged .07 Lb. per hour
    • Which equates to 1.4 Lb. per Ton
  • The EPA regulation on OSWI is 2.5 Lb. per Ton
dioxins and furans
Dioxins and Furans
  • Averaged 110.5 Nanograms per Minute
  • Low compared to OSWI
  • The measurement unit (nanogram) is one-billionth of a gram
  • The E.P.A. says exposure also comes from
    • Burning household trash, a fireplace
    • And even Forest Fires
results were based on constant operation
Results were based on constant operation
  • The average crematory operates 3 hours per day
  • At current volume, Parker Mortuary’s crematory will operate at an average of 1 hour per day
e p a s response
E.P.A.’s response
  • Immediately after the test, crematories were dropped from “low priority” to “very low priority”
  • Testing proved that crematories operate so far below allowable limits for commercial/industrial incinerators, they require no further regulations
e p a final rule
E.P.A. Final Rule
  • On December 16, 2005, E.P.A. entered its final rule into the Federal Register, 40 CFR Vol. 70 No. 241 Page 74881 Rules and Regulations: “Human crematories are not solid waste combustion units and are not a subcategory of OSWI for regulation”
  • The tests proved that even if included as OSWI, crematories already far exceed the requirements imposed on higher-volume commercial/industrial/municipal units
what about mercury
What about Mercury?
  • E.P.A. determined that all U.S. crematories combined (based on 1999 cremation rates) produce 238 Lbs. of mercury emissions
  • Updating to current cremation rates yields an average of 0.15 Lbs. per crematory per year
  • What does this mean….?
what about mercury continued
What about Mercury?(continued)
  • If you could capture 100% of the mercury from a crematory producing 400 cases per year for one full year (which, of course, you can’t)
    • The total captured would be smaller than a household sugar cube
    • Parker Mortuary’s rate would be ½ as much
in contrast
In contrast…
  • The #1 concern to the E.P.A. is mercury from power plants (as mercury is found in coal)
united kingdom study
United Kingdom Study
  • The cremation rate there is over 70%
  • Tests were conducted at a crematory in operation for 40 years, conducting over 112,000 cremations
  • Soil Samples in close proximity showed
    • 7 times lower than that allowed for food production
    • 100 times lower than that allowed for children’s playgrounds
united kingdom study continued
United Kingdom Study(continued)
  • Hair samples of crematory employees were analyzed for mercury and averaged
    • The results were over 3 times less than the tolerable level
  • An average North American crematory operates at 20% of these production levels.
mercury where does it come from
Mercury: where does it come from?
  • In cremation, it is Silver Amalgam tooth fillings
    • At one time, they represented 90% of fillings used
    • Within the past 10 years, it has declined by 38% and is expected to diminish further as dentists now employ composites - which more closely match tooth color

Silver Amalgam fillings

vs. Composite fillings

  • White fillings look much better than the old 'silver' fillings and restore the natural appearance of the tooth.
  • White fillings require less removal of tooth structure, so less drilling is required.
  • White fillings bond to the tooth and restore most of the original strength of the tooth, reducing the likelihood of future breakage.
  • Teeth restored with white fillings are usually less sensitive to hot and cold than teeth restored with amalgam.
  • White fillings are mercury-free. Mercury is a major ingredient in older amalgam fillings.
will parker mortuary remove fillings
Will Parker Mortuary remove fillings?
  • No.
  • It would be unethical
  • It would be devastating to the family we’re serving
  • It would be considered mutilation, which is deservedly a criminal offense
  • It is not necessary and is not proposed by any governing agency
harmful implants and radionucleotides
Harmful Implants and Radionucleotides
  • Pacemakers (after specific authorization from the next of kin) must be removed
    • Some older model batteries pose a threat of explosion
  • Radiation producing implants (used in Cancer treatment) must also be removed with family permission and passed on to our bio-hazardous waste (OSHA mandated) disposer. Our current disposer is Steri-Cycle
  • Most cremation authorizations ask the next of kin to “certify the deceased has not been treated with any radionucleotides”
  • Parker Mortuary’s authorization also will.
what about the missouri department of natural resources
What about the MissouriDepartment of Natural Resources
  • We will apply for a “permit-by-rule” with MO DNR as soon as local zoning is approved
  • MO DNR regulates crematories in the current 10 CSR (Code of State Regulations) 10-6 page 41 as follows:
mo dnr continued
MO DNR continued
  • “Any crematory…used solely for the cremation of human remains…and operates in compliance with the following conditions is permitted under this rule:
  • A)…materials…limited to noninfectious…operator shall minimize the amount of packaging…not used to dispose of other non-biological medical wastes…sharps, rubber globes, i.v. bags, tubing etc.
mo dnr continued1
MO DNR (continued)
  • B) Manufacturer’s rated capacity (burn rate) shall be 200 Lbs./hour or less
    • (Most crematories operate at ½ that)
  • C) The incinerator shall be a dual-chamber design
    • (All crematories are)
  • D) Burners shall be located in each chamber…necessary to maintain minimum temperature
    • (All crematories do)
why don t we have a dnr permit yet well first things first
Why don’t we have a DNR permit yet? Well first things first.
  • If local zoning fails to allow a crematory installation
  • The MO DNR will not issue a permit
  • I called Richard Barnes in the S.W. Regional DNR office (Springfield) and Chia-Wei Young in the Air Program of the DNR in Jefferson City
    • Neither knew of any current crematory manufacturer whose specifications were below state regulation
    • The Jefferson City office confirmed that the MO DNR has never refused a permit for a crematory.
what about the missouri state board of funeral directors and embalmers
What about the Missouri State Board of Funeral Directors and Embalmers?
  • We will apply for an amended Funeral Establishment License adding crematory operation
  • Upon delivery and curing of the unit, a State Board Examiner will personally inspect the unit and the building
state board continued
State Board (continued)
  • A recording circular graph will record each time the unit is started, stopped, and the temperatures from start to finish. A cremation log must also be kept. These must be available to the examiner at all times.
  • The crematory will be subject bi-annually to unannounced on-premise examination by the State Board
    • All Missouri funeral homes and crematories have these inspections to verify suitable and safe operation
the cremation process is
The Cremation Process Is
  • Safe
  • Clean
  • Sanitary
  • Well Regulated and Agency Supervised
  • Don’t be fooled by alarmist scare-tactics
  • Look at the facts and please allow us to better serve our community
thank you from all of us at
Thank you from all of us at

Nowhere a finer service . . . Nowhere a fairer price