Conquering Fears of Speaking in Public. Objectives. To help youth identify what makes them scared of speaking in public. To help youth learn to plan for and around stage nerves. To help youth build their communications skills though simple speaking opportunities. Objective #1.
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Objectives • To help youth identify what makes them scared of speaking in public. • To help youth learn to plan for and around stage nerves. • To help youth build their communications skills though simple speaking opportunities.
Objective #1 To help youth identify what makes them scared of speaking in public.
Group Activity Does speaking in public scare you?
Common Public Speaking Fears • Boring the audience to sleep • Burping uncontrollably • Teeth chattering • People laughing at them • Tripping on the way up to the stage • Others?
Discussion Questions • What other fears can you think of? • Are you surprised at all the things people fear about public speaking? • What might you do to prevent some of these fears from coming true? • What is at least one solution or problem-solving technique for each fear we have listed? • What nervous symptoms have you had before or while speaking in public?
Objective #2 To help kids learn to plan for and around stage nerves.
Plan and Prepare • Proper preparation and rehearsal can help to reduce fear by about 75%. • Proper breathing techniques can further reduce this fear by 15%. • Your mental state accounts for the remaining 10%.
1. Know the Room • Arrive early and walk around the room. • Stand up front by lectern or podium. • Test out the microphone if using one. • Walk around where the audience will be seated. • Walk from where you will be seated to the place where you will be speaking.
2. Know the Audience • Try to greet some of the audience and chat with them. • Friends are easier to talk to than a group of strangers.
3. Know Your Material • Speak about things you know or that interest you. • Study your material until you know it. • Practice your speech.
4. Learn How to Relax • Sit comfortably with your back straight. • Breathe in slowly, hold your breath for 4 to 5 seconds, and then slowly exhale. • To relax your facial muscles, open your mouth wide and eyes wide, and then close them tightly. Pause and open them again.
5. Visualize Yourself Speaking • Imagine yourself walking confidently to the lectern. • Imagine yourself speaking, your voice loud, clear, and assured. • When you visualize yourself as successful, you will be successful.
6. Realize People Want You to Succeed • Audiences want speakers to be interesting, informative, and entertaining. • They want you to succeed, not to fail.
7. Don't Apologize for Being Nervous • Most nervousness does not show. • If you don't say anything, nobody may notice.
8. Concentrate on Your Message • Your nervous feelings will ease as you focus your attention away from your fears. • Concentrate on your message and your audience, not yourself.
9. Turn Nervousness into Positive Energy • The same nervous energy that causes stage fright can be an asset to you. • Transform this energy into vitality and enthusiasm in delivering your speech.
10. Gain Experience • Experience builds confidence and reduces anxieties. • Volunteer to speak when possible to build your confidence.
Objective #3 To help youth build their communications skills though simple speaking opportunities.
Meeting Roll Call • As the roll is read, have each member stand and give an audible response to a question. • Options to consider • What is your favorite 4-H project? • What is your favorite dessert? • What do you like best about 4-H?
Officer & Member Reports • Ask officers and members to stand when addressing the group. • This accomplishes three things: • It gives the speaker presence to the group. • The club members or audience can hear and focus on the speaker. • It gives the speaker practice with standing up and facing the group in a non-threatening way.
Other Opportunities Arrange for youth to speak to the club or group. They might share a: • One-minute demonstration or illustrated talk • Completed 4-H project from last year in a show-n-tell format • Full-blown demonstration • Short speech for contest • Skit or share-the-fun act or talent
Demonstrations and illustrated talks can help members • Gain self-confidence, • Learn to speak before a group, • Increase knowledge about a project, • Develop leadership skills, • Learn to organize materials in a logical sequence, and • Develop skill in putting words and actions together.
“Fun Box” Demonstrations • Contain a variety of everyday items • Shoe and shoelace, band-aid and ointment, screwdriver and screw, etc. • Member is asked or volunteers to select an item • Member then talks about this item for 30 seconds to one minute
“Grab Bag” Demonstrations • Ask a member to select a bag that contains all items needed for a short demonstration. • The member prepares what to say about the items during the first part of the meeting. • Then the member talks about the items for 1-3 minutes. • An example “grab bag” demonstration would include all of the items needed to show how to properly measure sugar, flour, or baking soda.
Contests • At the county, area, and/or state levels, 4-H members can enter contests in: • Demonstrations or Illustrated Talk • Presentation based on a certain subject matter area • Supported by visual aids • Public Speaking • Speech based on an annual theme • Action Demos • An exhibit option in some projects • Presentation given to the general public multiple times regarding some aspect of the 4-H project
Sources • 4-H Communication Activities. (4-H 689-W, 2007). 4-H Youth Development, West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Extension Service • Communication Toolkit: Fun Skill-Building Activities to Do with Kids. (4-H 1560, n.d.) 4-H Youth Development, Children, Youth and Family Programs, East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Extension • Overcome the Fear of Speaking to Groups. (4-H 689b-W, 2007). 4-H Youth Development, West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Extension Service