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Better Alternatives Through TRIZ (TREZ). by JimWixson CVS, CMfgE Advisory Engineer. Introduction. TRIZ Methodology and its innovation software-based system are tools which can:. Improve inventive skills Improve the development of alternatives for trade-studies.

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better alternatives through triz trez

Better Alternatives Through TRIZ (TREZ)

byJimWixson CVS, CMfgEAdvisory Engineer

slide2

Introduction

TRIZ Methodology and its innovation software-based system are tools which can:

  • Improve inventive skills
  • Improve the development of alternatives for trade-studies.
  • Lead to better designs and solutions to complex problems.
patterns of invention
Patterns of Invention

Genrich Saulovich AltshullerFather of TRIZ15 October 1926 - 24 September 1998

patterns of invention4
Patterns of Invention
  • Altshuller recognized that the same fundamental problem (contradiction) had been addressed by a number of inventions in different areas of technology
  • He also observed that the same fundamental solutions were used over and over again, often separated by many years
  • He reasoned that if the latter inventor had known of the earlier solution, his/her task would have been straightforward
  • He sought to extract, compile, and organize this information
patterns of invention5
Patterns of Invention
  • Removing stems from bell peppers
  • Removing shells from sunflower seeds
  • Cleaning filters
  • Unpacking parts wrapped in protective paper
  • Splitting diamonds along micro-cracks
  • Producing sugar powder from sugar crystals
how ideation triz works

1

Many

Typical

Recommendations

for

Solutions

(Knowledge base)

Many

Typical

Problems

Corresponding

Solutions

2

  • A large number of typical problems are available for consideration
  • TRIZ helps narrow the search to a manageable range of typical problems
  • For each typical problem, there are one or more potential solutions

1

3

2

4

Prism

of TRIZ -

Analytical

tools

3

5

4

6

5

7

6

8

7

9

8

9

My

Problem

n

n

My

Solution

How Ideation/TRIZ Works
what is triz
What is TRIZ?
  • Russian Acronym for the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving
  • Systematic, Structured Way of Thinking
  • Science
  • Results of Over 50 Years Research Analyzing Over Two Million Worldwide Patents within All Engineering Disciplines
why triz was created
Why TRIZ was created:
  • To provide a systematicstep-by-step procedure
  • To guide an inventor through the solution space and direct him or her to the area with the best (most ideal) solutions
  • To provide an inventor with reliableand repeatableresults that do not depend on personal (psychological) issues
  • To provide a means to access proven knowledge(patent information)
  • To accumulate knowledge of the human innovation experience
evolution of the triz methodology

Re-Structuring of

Theoretical Base

Advanced Tools

3

Ideation/TRIZ Era

Advanced

Software Tools

Non-Technological

Applications

2

Methodology Advancement

3

AFD

Kishinev Era

ARIZ-85

Directed

Evolution

4

3

40 Principles

Classical TRIZ Era

1

Patterns of

Evolution

2

1946 1982 1985 1992 1997 2002

Evolution of the TRIZ Methodology
evolution of creative methods

“Osborn’s Direction”

Decreasing of psychological inertia, activation of human motivation, organization of effective teamwork

Ideation/TRIZ Methodology

Combination of all effective approaches to creative problem solving and control

of technological evolution

“Altshuller’s Direction”

Utilization of patterns of evolution and methods

of generating ideas based on these patterns

“Miles’ Direction”

Re-structuring of existing knowledge for effective application of the creative process

Evolution of Creative Methods
the ideation triz methodology roots and components

Morphology Method

Psychology-Based Methods

Kishinev School Development

Classical TRIZ

Value Engineering

Brainstorming

Fish-bone Diagramming

Accumulated knowledge documented in patents

and other sources

of technological information

Ideation/TRIZ

Methodology

The Ideation/TRIZ Methodology:Roots and Components
slide12

IntegrationofIdeation/TRIZ

Development of Human Resources

QFD

DFMA

VA/VE

Taguchi Methods

FMEA & HAZOP

Lateral Thinking

Total Quality Management

Theory of Constraints

Brainstorming

Other Techniques

$

Value

Business Process Improvement

  • Ideation/TRIZ
  • IPS
  • AFD
  • DE

Re-Engineering

Data Mining

slide13

Variants

Variants

Variants

Concept 3

Variants

Concept N-1

Concept 2

Psychological

Inertia Vector

Variants

Concept N

Concept 1

P

roblem

S

olution

How We Solve Creative Problems Using the Trial & Error Method

the solution space

Mechanical

Effects &

Technology

Thermo-Dynamics

P

roblem

Chemical Effects

& Technology

Electrical &

Magnetic Effects

& Technology

S

olution

The Solution Space
slide15

Patents *

(worldwide)

Key Findings

200,000

  • Definition of inventive problem
  • Levels of invention
  • Patterns of evolution
  • Patterns of invention

40,000

Inventive

Patents

* Today over 2,000,000 patents

have been investigated.

TRIZ is Based on TechnologyRather than Psychology

two main benefits
Two Main Benefits
  • Enhancement of personal creative capabilities
  • Professionally apply numerous tools (including software tools) to obtain repetitive, reliablecreative results in everyday engineering procedures
what is an inventive problem
What is an Inventive Problem?
  • Involves one or more contradictions
  • Suggests no known means of solution
slide18

Levels of Solutions

  • Level 1: Apparent (no invention)
    • Established solutions; well-known and readily accessible
  • Level 2: Improvement
    • Small improvements of an existing system, usually with some compromise
      • Bifocal glasses, beeper
  • Level 3: Invention inside the paradigm
    • Essential improvement of an existing system
      • Automatic transmission, radio telephone
  • Level 4: Invention outside the paradigm
    • A concept for a new generation of an existing system, based on changing the principle of performing the primary function
      • Jet aircraft, integrated circuit
  • Level 5: Discovery
    • Pioneering of an essentially new system
      • Laser, radio, airplane
slide19

Innovation cycle time

Net

Profit

Period

Cash flow

Tb

Tf

Tr

Time

Ts

BET

To

TP

Te

To Opportunity occurs

Tr Product is released to production

TP Opportunity is perceived

Ts First customers are satisfied

Tb Project activity begins

BET Break-even time

Tf Product definition and plans freeze

Te Project becomes extinct

Importance of Innovation Cycle

From Accelerated Innovation by Marvin Patterson

how this relates m o contracts

Innovation cycle time

Operating

Period

Cash flow

Tb’

Tb

Tf

Tr

Time

Ts

M&O

To

TP

Te

Tf Project is released to construction

To Opportunity occurs

Ts Turn project over to customer

TP Opportunity is perceived

M&O Operation and Maintenance time

Tb Systems Engineering begins

Te Project becomes extinct (D&D)

Tb’ Trade Studies Conducted

Tf Product definition and plans freeze

How this relates M&O Contracts

From Accelerated Innovation by Marvin Patterson

slide21

Innovation

  • Not just one simple flash of creative invention or the development of a new product or process
  • It is a connected process which many and sufficient creative acts, from research through service, are coupled together, in an integrated manner, for a common goal

Idea

slide22

Roadblocks to Innovation

Historical Mindset

Need for Instant Answers (Point Solutions)

An Impatient World

Resistance to Change

Change is Threatening

Poorly Defined Problem Or Objective

‘Not Invented Here’ Syndrome

Habits

Past Experiences

Inability to Accept Risk

Peer Influences

Rejection of Past Ideas

slide23

When would TRIZ be used?

  • Clearly identify the problem(s) to be solved, and gather information on the background, functions and requirements of the product, process, or system.

Information Phase

  • Brainstorm ideas on how to improve the broken, high cost, or inadequately performed key functions.

Creativity Phase

  • Screen ideas for acceptance, score remaining ideas on a scale and group ideas into categories. Develop design scenarios, and selection criteria. Rate and rank ideas.

Evaluation Phase

  • Plan how to sell ideas to management, identify key recommendations, plan management presentation.

Planning Phase

  • Give oral presentation to management, or develop written report.

Reporting Phase

  • Get management approval for go-ahead, make management plan, make assignments, implement, follow-up.

Implementation Phase

slide24

Tapping Our Knowledge

Is

SOCIETY

INDUSTRY

IPT

PERSONAL

Knowable

All That

1

2

3

4

5

what is a problem

(in the box)

Decision

Making

Observations

(Current State)

Deviations

(Problem)

References (Goal / Ideal State)

What is a Problem?
  • Things are not ideal -- dilemmas, questions, uncertainty, doubt
  • A deviation from a (perceived) goal

Problems create high uncertainty

slide26

Space

Impossibility

Impossible

We Know something is impossible only through a certain interpretation or belief system.

Possible

Time

Possible

Impossible

Thinking Outside the Box:Creating Breakthroughs

Event

Belief

System

slide27

Roadblocks to Problem Solving

  • Not having crystal clear vision
  • Not having the required capabilities and tools
  • Not having the drive/commitment to execute the plan toward the vision
  • Constraints, conflicts, contradictions, paradoxes
    • Regulatory Requirements
    • Customer Desires
    • Technology trends
    • Funding Availability -- Internal and external
    • Organizational behavior -- Internal and external
      • Organizational passive support
    • Relationship behavior… not clear on expectations
  • Processes
  • Compensation
slide28

Problem Solving & The Mind

We feel the solution

is good enough

(Point Solution)

Problem

Creates Necessity

We are faced

with a new problem

We decide the

problem is impossible

De-Activation

Activation

slide29

What is a Solution?

Answer

Discovery

Resolution

Conclusion (we’ve reached the ideal state)

End result winning strategies

Uncertainty, doubt confidence -- the winner’s edge

Ideation/TRIZ provides tools to enable the visualization of solutions in a predictable manner

slide30

4

5

6

3

System Characteristic

2

1

Time

System Evolution

Stage 1 - a system does not yet exist but important conditions for emergence are being developed

Stage 2 - a new system appears due to a high-level invention and begins slow development

Stage 3 - begins when society recognizes the value of the new system

Stage 4 - begins when the resources of the system’s original concept is mostly exhausted

Stage 5 - begins when a new system or next system generation emerges to replace the existing one

Stage 6 - begins if the existing system is not completely replaced by the new one as the existing system still has a limited area of application

slide31

The Challenge

Probability

of Problem

Resolution

Time and

Resources

Needed

1 2 3 4 5

Discovery

Standard

Problem

slide32

1946 - 1985

Classical TRIZ

Ideal

System

System

Approach

Paradox/

Contradiction

  • Increased performance
  • Get rid of system’s
  • harmful effects
  • Gains received without
  • compromise or tradeoff
  • All mankind knowledge
  • Past, present & future

Basic Tools

  • ARIZ
  • Su-Field
  • 76 Standard Solutions
  • 40 Principles
  • 4 Separation Principles
  • Effects:(phys, chem,geo)
  • 8 Patterns
  • Examples of Innovation
slide33

1982 - Present

Ideation TRIZ Methodology

Analytical Tools

Knowledge-Based Tools

Advanced ARIZ

76 Standard Solutions

System of

Operators

4 Separation Principles

Su-Field

40 Principles

Innovation Situation

Questionnaire

Problem Formulator

Additional Operators

Effects:(Phys,chem,geo,etc.)

8 Patterns of Evolution

Examples of Innovation

TRIZ SoftTM

IWB

Formulator

ELIMINATOR

IMPROVER

Certification

IDEATOR

AFD

slide34

Re-Activation With Ideation/TRIZ

Solution is

good enough

Ideality

Confidence

Knowledge-Base

Reformulation

Ask Why?

Problem

Creates Necessity

We are faced

with a new problem

We decide the

problem is impossible

Activation

slide35

Considered

Solutions

An Exhaustive

Set of Possible

Concepts of Solution

Number of

Solutions

for

Reliable Choice

Confident

Decision Point

Forced

Decision Point

Dead Time

Time

Start Time

Why is the Ideation Process Different?

summary of the ideation triz methodology
Key Findings

Definition of the Inventive Problem

Levels of Inventions

Patterns of Inventions

Patterns of Evolution

Advanced Analytical Tools

Innovation Situation Questionnaire (ISQ)

Problem Formulator

Algorithm for Inventive Problem-Solving (ARIZ)

Substance-Field Analysis (Su-Field)

Main Ideation / TRIZ Methodology Applications

Inventive Problem Solving (IPS)

Anticipatory Failure Determination (AFD)

Directed Evolution (DE)

Main Premises

Ideality

Contradictions

System Approach

Advanced Knowledge-Based Tools

Pattern/Lines of Evolution

40 Innovation Principles & Contradiction Table

Separation Principles

76 Standard Solutions

Effects

System of Operators

Selected Innovation Examples

Summary Of The Ideation / TRIZ Methodology
slide37

Basic Premise

Whatever it was that got you

where you are today,

is not sufficient to keep you there.

Identify & Meet the Challenge

What is it, that is impossible to do today, that if it were possible, would drive the competition to zero. Joel Barker, Futurist

implementation first steps
Implementation - First Steps
  • Assess enterprise’s situation and Ideation capabilities
    • Define mismatches between vision and results
    • Identify opportunities for applying Inventive Engineering
      • Select and resolve 3-4 high-profile problems that can be implemented quickly
  • Initiate institutionalization
    • Communicate Successes
    • Identify integration opportunities
    • Plan education of key employees
    • Develop internal experts