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Chapter 18. Family Stress. The Family. Set of intimate and personal relationships Can be legal or extralegal This chapter covers only nuclear and extended families. Needs Satisfied by the Family. Function of family Governs reproduction and child-rearing Provides economic support

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chapter 18

Chapter 18

Family Stress

the family
The Family
  • Set of intimate and personal relationships
  • Can be legal or extralegal
  • This chapter covers only nuclear and extended families
needs satisfied by the family
Needs Satisfied bythe Family
  • Function of family
    • Governs reproduction and child-rearing
    • Provides economic support
    • Meets emotional needs

Not all families function as described

the effective family
The Effective Family
  • Jane Howard (1978) observed the following effective characteristics:
    • They have a chief
    • They have a switchboard operator
    • Members have relationships both inside and outside the family
    • They are hospitable
    • They deal squarely with direness
the effective family cont d
The Effective Family, cont’d
  • Jane Howard (1978) observed the following effective characteristics, cont’d:
    • They prize rituals
    • They are affectionate
    • They have a sense of place
    • They connect with posterity
    • They honor their elders
the changing family
The Changing Family
  • About 55% of the adult U.S. population is married
  • About 22% of those 25 to 34 years old have never been married
  • Almost 10% of adults are divorced
types of households
Types of Households
  • Marriage
  • Cohabitation
  • Divorce
  • Single-parent families
  • Gay and lesbian families
family stressors
Family Stressors
  • Dual-career family
  • Children
  • Family planning
  • Adoption
    • Closed adoptions: no contact with birth parents
    • Open adoptions: contact with birth parents
family stressors cont d
Family Stressors, cont’d
  • Mobility: family members may be scattered
  • Violence
    • Child abuse
    • Domestic abuse
  • Financial stressors
a model of family stress
A Model of Family Stress

The model in Figure 18.3 illustrates stressors that occur both within the family and outside the family

interventions
Interventions
  • Life-situation interventions
  • Financial stress interventions
  • Perception interventions
  • Emotional arousal interventions
  • Physiological interventions
chapter 181

Chapter 18

Family Stress