Emancipation. His first challenge was that the U.S. Constitution did not prohibit slavery. Individual states could outlaw slavery, but not the U.S. Government. Emancipation.
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His first challenge was that the U.S. Constitution did not prohibit slavery. Individual states could outlaw slavery, but not the U.S. Government.
Lincoln used his background as a lawyer to come up with a solution more or less based on the following questions that I would like you to answer:
How did slave owners legally consider their slaves (and horses, buildings, etc…)?
Slaves were considered to be property.
What happens to property that armies capture from their enemy during a war?
Image courtesy Library of Congress
The property captured (called contraband) belongs to the army that captured it and its government.
The war was no longer just about preserving the union, it was also about freeing the slaves.
In the Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln addressed the enlistment of African Americans in the United States armed forces.
Image courtesy Library of Congress
The average Yank or Reb was white, native-born, farmer, protestant, single, between 18 and 29. He stood about 5 feet 8 inches tall and weighed about 143 pounds. Most soldiers were between the ages of 18 and 39 with an average age of 25.
“first thing in the morning is drill, then drill, then drill again. Then drill, drill, a little more drill. Then drill and lastly drill. Between drills, we drill….”
– Union Soldier
Disease and Hygiene
"You have given your boys to die for their country. Now you can give your girls to nurse them.”
-Nurse Mary Stinebaugh
About 2.75 million soldiers fought in the Civil War.More than 620,000 men died in the war, with disease killing twice as many as those lost in battle.
The Civil War touched the lives of every American family,North and South.
What actions are women taking to support the soldiers in the picture?
Life must go on.Women North and South take over men's work
Women in the South managed plantations.
Many did agricultural labor.
In the North, women took on manufacturing jobs or farm work while husbands and sons were away.
Some women disguised themselves as men and marched off to war
Medical examinations were lax allowing some women to sneak through and serve
Sometimes families followed soldiers into the army.
Children worked in the fields for the family while fathers or older brothers were away at war.
In the South, Some slaves continued to work for their masters and mistresses, providing for troops and families for which they worked.
However, many left, fleeing to the North in hopes of a better life.
Many of the freed men joined the Union forces.
In the South, families faced shortages of raw materials, food, clothing and medical supplies due to the Union blockade.
Shortages became so severe that in 1863 the women of Richmond marched on the government in a “Bread Riot.”
Those on the home front had to meet the needs of their family as well as support the needs of the army.
Newspaper reading was at an all time high.
Casualty lists were dreaded.
People kept in touch through letter writing.