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Emancipation. His first challenge was that the U.S. Constitution did not prohibit slavery. Individual states could outlaw slavery, but not the U.S. Government. Emancipation.

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His first challenge was that the U.S. Constitution did not prohibit slavery. Individual states could outlaw slavery, but not the U.S. Government.


Lincoln used his background as a lawyer to come up with a solution more or less based on the following questions that I would like you to answer:



How did slave owners legally consider their slaves (and horses, buildings, etc…)?



Slaves were considered to be property.



What happens to property that armies capture from their enemy during a war?

Image courtesy Library of Congress



The property captured (called contraband) belongs to the army that captured it and its government.


The war was no longer just about preserving the union, it was also about freeing the slaves.


united states colored troops
United States Colored Troops

In the Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln addressed the enlistment of African Americans in the United States armed forces.

Image courtesy Library of Congress


The average Yank or Reb was white, native-born, farmer, protestant, single, between 18 and 29. He stood about 5 feet 8 inches tall and weighed about 143 pounds. Most soldiers were between the ages of 18 and 39 with an average age of 25.

what they ate
What They Ate
  • Salt pork, bacon, or beef
  • Soft bread, flour, cornmeal, or hardtack
  • Beans or peas
  • Rice or hominy
  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Sugar
  • Vinegar
  • Molasses
when they weren t fighting
When They Weren’t Fighting

“first thing in the morning is drill, then drill, then drill again. Then drill, drill, a little more drill. Then drill and lastly drill. Between drills, we drill….”

– Union Soldier

life and death
Life and Death

Disease and Hygiene

  • Everyone and everything smelled during the Civil War.
  • Diarrhea was the greatest killer during the Civil War.
  • Of the more than 620,000 soldiers who died in the war, more than 400,000 died of sickness and disease.
life and death1
Life and Death

"You have given your boys to die for their country. Now you can give your girls to nurse them.”

-Nurse Mary Stinebaugh

life and death2
Life and Death

About 2.75 million soldiers fought in the Civil War.More than 620,000 men died in the war, with disease killing twice as many as those lost in battle.

the home front1
The Home Front

The Civil War touched the lives of every American family,North and South.

the role of women
The Role of Women

What actions are women taking to support the soldiers in the picture?

the role of women1
The Role of Women

Life must go on.Women North and South take over men's work

Women in the South managed plantations.

Many did agricultural labor.

In the North, women took on manufacturing jobs or farm work while husbands and sons were away.

the role of women2
The Role of Women

Some women disguised themselves as men and marched off to war

Medical examinations were lax allowing some women to sneak through and serve

Jenny Hodgers

the role of the family
The Role of the Family

Sometimes families followed soldiers into the army.

the role of the family1
The Role of the Family

Children worked in the fields for the family while fathers or older brothers were away at war.

the role of slaves
The Role of Slaves

In the South, Some slaves continued to work for their masters and mistresses, providing for troops and families for which they worked.

However, many left, fleeing to the North in hopes of a better life.

the role of slaves1
The Role of Slaves

Many of the freed men joined the Union forces.

challenging times
Challenging Times

In the South, families faced shortages of raw materials, food, clothing and medical supplies due to the Union blockade.

challenging times1
Challenging Times

Shortages became so severe that in 1863 the women of Richmond marched on the government in a “Bread Riot.”

challenging times2
Challenging Times

Those on the home front had to meet the needs of their family as well as support the needs of the army.





Postal service

Newspaper reading was at an all time high.


Casualty lists were dreaded.




People kept in touch through letter writing.