Obi from ltp to ngo and beyond
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OBI – from LTP to NGO and beyond. Alasdair Taylor, Ewan Fitzsimons, Christian Killow , Michael Perreur - Lloyd, David Robertson, Harry Ward U n iversity of Glasgow o n behalf of t he LISA EBB teams at AEI, ASD and TNO. Plan of the talk.

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Obi from ltp to ngo and beyond

OBI – from LTP to NGO and beyond

Alasdair Taylor, Ewan Fitzsimons, Christian Killow, Michael Perreur-Lloyd, David Robertson, Harry Ward

University of Glasgow

on behalf of the LISA EBB teams at AEI, ASD and TNO

Plan of the talk
Plan of the talk

  • Retrospective : where we were at the time of the last LISA Symposium

  • Update on LPF OB

  • Update on LISA EBB developments

  • NGO and beyond

Pfm ob performance highlights
PFM OB performance highlights

Beam alignment to test masses:

TM1:- 6 microns in Y

15 microns in Z

TM2: -16 microns in Y

- 7 microns in Z

(Requirement was ±25 mm)

Interference Contrast:

Fringe contrast at the four interferometers is excellent:

Reference = 94%

Frequency = 90%

X1 = 94%

X12 = 92%

Optical Throughput:

Throughput of the optical chain has been measured from input to the fibre connector on the feed to the OB to the summed output from all ports of the OBI

Excellent throughput achieved:

FIOS1 = 79%

FIOS2 = 80%

Generally excellent results !

Obi from ltp to ngo and beyond

EBB OB design – main features

Fibre injectors

Reference interferometer

Test mass readout

Beam expander

Beam dump

PAAM metrology

Science ifo

Acquisition sensors


Beam clip

Obi from ltp to ngo and beyond

EBB OB CAD design

Fibre injectors

Reference interferometer

Test mass readout

Beam expander

Beam dump

PAAM metrology

Science ifo

Acquisition sensors


Beam clip

Ltp fibre injectors fios
LTP Fibre injectors (FIOS)

  • The LPF fibre injectors had an air-spaced design with separately mounted lens glued into fused silica holder

  • Holder then catalysis bonded with spacing from fibre end adjusted with ~ 10 micron accuracy using live readout of beam

Ltp fios evolution to lisa
LTP FIOS – evolution to LISA

  • The LPF fibre couplers met all design requirements

    • But the design allowed small thermally induced beam pointing drift, due mainly to the CTE of the separately mounted lens

    • Left: temperature of bench, right: beam position on quadrant photodiode during one thermal cycle, showing a vertical angle variation of the beam from the fibre coupler of 3.4µrad/K

  • Also, the exit of the fibre was exposed, potentially giving susceptibility to contamination issues if used with high laser power

Fios for elisa

  • Essentially monolithic design

Cqp alignment reference for ltp build
CQP alignment reference for LTP build

  • Two quadrant photodiodes mounted on a rigid Invar base

    • Mounting of beamsplitter and photodiodes by screwed and glued interfaces requiring regular calibration checks to catch any critical component movement

    • Used as both target and to measure existing beams

  • Very successfully used for LTP OB build

Cqp evolution for elisa construction
CQP – evolution for eLISA construction

  • Mark II CQP, featuring improvements derived from experience gained during the LTP OBI build, and designed to take us to the regime where we are dominated by CMM accuracy

    • Zerodur baseplate

    • bonded photodiode mounts, beamsplitter and mirrors

    • larger area photodiodes

    • longer baseline

    • optimised shape

Beam dumps
Beam dumps

  • In sensitive interferometric measurements small amplitude of stray light can be a significant perturbation

  • Commercial beam dumps typically use coatings that are not suitable for spaceflight

  • A spiral beam dump has been designed at Glasgow in which absorption is achieved by multiple reflections and absorption steps

    • Titanium construction with internal black coating of >98% absorption at 1 micron

    • Measurement in a heterodyne interferometer of an uncoated test device has shown reduction of return light power of better than 108

Beam clip for the transmitted beam
Beam clip for the transmitted beam

  • Defines the beam at the entrance pupil of the telescope

  • 5mm +/-20um aperture with 2 degree tapered profile

  • Titanium with polished, gold plated 45 degree clipping face

  • Flexure feet for differential thermal expansion reasons

  • Isostatic mount to allow for removal from beam path and possible later attachment of an actuated mechanism

  • Tight positioning accuracy of +/-20um

  • Integrated beam dump to remove the excess beam power (~81 mW) from the 5mm beam

Acquisition sensor
Acquisition sensor

  • Acquisition sensor

    • Goodrich KTS320-1.7-RT-OEM : InGaAs CCD, 320 x 256 pixels, pitch 30 μm; power < 4 W

  • Titanium construction of the mounting frame to complement primarily aluminium architecture of the acquisition sensor and form a ‘pendulum clock’-style thermally stable design

    • Horizontal stability negligible by analysis over ±10°C

    • Vertical stability < ± 2 um over ±10°C

Photodiode mounting
Photodiode mounting

  • Thermally compensated ‘pendulum clock’ QPD mount design

    • Y-Z flexure mechanism with micron precision adjustment over a +/-100um range

    • Polariser-window fitted to front of QPD Mount, also seals the QPD from contamination

    • Fully removable FEE and QPD sub-assembly

    • FEE box with low emissivity internal front surface & high emissivity rear surfaces to encourage radiation away from the QPD chip

    • Optional low-emissivity thermal shield

Photodiode imaging optics
Photodiode imaging optics

  • Imaging optics are needed in several places to reduce tilt/piston coupling resulting from beam motions (e.g from test mass jitter)

  • Some of these lens systems are challenging to design and verify and also expensive to produce

  • Current planning excludes these from the current EBB build program

Obi from ltp to ngo and beyond
…. NGO ….

  • The OB subsystems developed for the EBB are directly used in the compact dual-sided NGO design

  • …. and will also be directly usable in any “LISA-like” OB

Other details
Other details ….

  • See Glasgow posters for greater detail

    • Precision Measurement of Optical Beams

    • LISA/NGO Fibre Couplers

    • Optomechanics for LISA/NGO