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  • Uploaded on Anthem Author & Background Information. Anthem: Ayn Rand. The Author: Ayn Rand. Born in St. Petersburg, Russia, in February 1905 She lived during the Russian Civil War & the Bolshevik Revolution: these gave way to the C ommunist era in Russia.

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anthem author background information

Anthem Author & Background Information

Anthem: Ayn Rand

the author ayn rand
The Author: Ayn Rand
  • Born in St. Petersburg, Russia, in February 1905
  • She lived during the Russian Civil War & the Bolshevik Revolution: these gave way to the Communist era in Russia.
  • She majored in Philosophy & History in College & studied screen-writing at Cinema Arts.
  • When Stalin ascended to power in the 1920s, she escaped to Chicago in 1926.
  • She then moved to Hollywood to become a screen-writer.

Rand married the actor Frank O’Connor.

  • She wrote a screen play called Red Pawn, a play Night of January 16th, and then her first novel We the Living (1933).
  • Anthem was published in Great Britain in 1938. She later revised the novella, and, in 1946, published it in the United States.
  • She is best known for The Fountainhead (1943) and Atlas Shrugged (1957).
new movie 2011
New Movie: 2011

communist russia
Communist Russia
  • Stalin was the leader of the USSR & he improved the country’s economic status.
  • Stalin also ordered purges (execution) of all those who opposed him, especially independent thinkers & intellectuals.
  • Millions of people were killed including government officials, military, & common people.
  • There were also forced labor camps and collective farms, causing many people to die from starvation.
  • Stalin was the Premier of the Soviet Union

from 6 May 1941 until his death in 5 March 1953.

anthem themes ideas
Anthem: Themes & Ideas
  • Theory of Objectivism, or ego-ism, the idea that an individual’s worth comes from him or herself, not from what they contribute to society.
  • The novel is written as an allegory, a fictional story whose purpose is to present a fictional idea. (Allegory: arepresentation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or materialforms;figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another.)
dystopian novel
Dystopian Novel
  • dystopia
  • [dis-toh-pee-uh] animaginaryplacewhereeverythingisasbadasitcanbe (opposite of utopia)
  • Rand describes a dystopia in the novel, an imaginary world through which Rand shows the negatives of Collectivism:
to know before you read
To Know Before You Read . . .
  • The novel is written using the word we because people were not allowed to use the word I. They were a collective society and not an individual one.
  • The novel is written in the future, and people can barely remember/know what life was like (life as society now). Imagine that everything has been wiped out and society is starting from scratch even though it is the future.