Abnormal Psychology. Definitions of Abnormal Social Labeling Self Labeling Psychoanalytic Humanistic Legal – Insanity Medical - Disorders. Abnormal Psychology. Causes of Disorders Organic/Biological Behavioral Cognitive Psychodynamic Humanistic. Abnormal Psychology.
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Abnormal Psychology • Definitions of Abnormal • Social Labeling • Self Labeling • Psychoanalytic • Humanistic • Legal – Insanity • Medical - Disorders
Abnormal Psychology • Causes of Disorders • Organic/Biological • Behavioral • Cognitive • Psychodynamic • Humanistic
Abnormal Psychology Types of Disorders Older Terms: Neurosis, Psychosis DSM-IV-TR = Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th Edition, Text Revision) gives objective, measurable criteria for diagnosing psychological disorders Does not suggest therapies or treatments Does not discuss possible causes
Anxiety Disorders • Anxiety disorders – persistent, excessive or unrealistic anxiety and fearfulness that impairs normal functioning • includes maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety (e.g., alcohol and drug use) Menu
Dissociative Disorders • Dissociative disorders – Break in conscious awareness, memory, or sense of identity, usually as a result of extreme stress. • Psychogenic Amnesia • Dissociative Fugue – fleeing home and “coming to” with amnesia for the trip and possible amnesia for personal information. • Depersonalization Disorder –the person feels detached and disconnected from themselves, their bodies, and their surroundings. Menu
Mood Disorders • Two Major forms of Mood Disorders • Major Depression and Bipolar Disorder • characterized by emotional extremes • Prolonged, disabling disruptions in emotional state • Functioning is almost always severely impaired
Schizophrenia • 2 major divisions or categories • Chronic • Slow developing • Usually negative symptoms (absence of appropriate behaviors) • Absence of emotion (flat affect) • Absence of movement (catatonia) • Absence of social interaction (withdrawal) • Low recovery rates • Acute • Sudden onset • Usually positive symptoms (presence of inappropriate behaviors) • Presence of hallucinations, delusions • Better recovery rate
Psychological Therapies/Treatments Psychoanalysis Behavioral Cognitive Organic (Medical) Humanistic