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The Mediterranean Action Plan. Alberto Cozzo IEDETA. Workshop on the EU legislation in the field of nautical tourism. Split, 4 October 2007. Overview.

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the mediterranean action plan
The Mediterranean Action Plan

Alberto Cozzo

IEDETA

Workshop on the EU legislation in the field

of nautical tourism

Split, 4 October 2007

overview
Overview
  • The Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) is an action oriented co-operative effort involving 22 countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, as well as the European Union.
the 22 contracting parties to the barcelona convention
The 22 Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention
  • Croatia
  • Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Cyprus, Egypt
  • the European Community
  • France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Morocco, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey
the unep map and the barcelona convention
The UNEP-MAP and the Barcelona Convention
  • Launched in 1975, it was updated in 1995 with its Action Plan “Phase II” approved for the period 1995-2005.
  • The MAP supports the implementation and enforcement of the Barcelona Convention, with its 6 Protocols.
mediterranean action plan and sustainable tourism
Mediterranean Action Plan and Sustainable Tourism
  • Although Map's initial focus was aimed at marine pollution control, over the years, its mandate gradually widened to include integrated coastal zone planning and management.
prospective for mediterranean tourism development
Prospective for Mediterranean Tourism Development
  • The Mediterranean coast supports a population of approximately 424 million inhabitants, a figure, which is rapidly increasing.
  • Tourism is the main source of income to the Mediterranean countries, with over 100 million tourists visiting the Mediterranean beaches each year, it represents the worlds most popular tourist destination.
impacts of tourism activities in the mediterranean coastal areas
Impacts of Tourism Activities in the Mediterranean Coastal Areas
  • Tourism is an essential source of income for many coastal communities.
  • The loss of environmental quality has been often tolerated although many local people have benefited from the increase of their prosperity.
mediterranean action plan recommendations and proposals for tourism and sustainable development
Mediterranean Action Plan Recommendations and Proposals for Tourism and Sustainable Development
  • On the occasion of their 11th meeting, the Contracting Parties of the Barcelona Convention have adopted several recommendations and proposal regarding tourism and sustainable development in the Mediterranean
mcsd sustainable development
MCSD SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  • MCSD worked to put forward concrete proposals intended for those countries who signed the Barcelona Convention.
  • Three main lines of intervention have been defined:

Managing environmental impacts

Promoting a better integration of tourism with the environment and sustainable development

Fostering development and cooperation in the Mediterranean

promote sustainable tourism
Promote sustainable tourism
  • Some 637 million tourists (international and domestic) are expected in the region by 2025, which means an additional 270 million in comparison with 2000. About half of them will stay in coastal regions.
objectives
Objectives
  • Reduce the adverse territorial and environmental impacts of tourism, especially in existing coastal tourist areas.
  • Promote sustainable tourism, which in turn reinforces social cohesion and cultural and economic development, enhances Mediterranean diversity and specificities and strengthens synergies with other economic sectors, especially agriculture.
  • Increase the added value of tourism for local communities and actors in developing countries.
  • Improve governance for sustainable tourism.
orientations and actions
Orientations and actions
  • Reduce the adverse territorial and environmental effects of tourism.
  • Promote the supply of sustainable tourist facilities and increase the added value of tourism for local communities.
  • Improve governance for sustainable tourism.
activities tools and instruments blue plan activities
Activities, Tools and Instruments: Blue Plan Activities
  • The Blue Plan’s general mission is the observation, evaluation and exploration in the relationships between populations, the environment and development, as well as studies and summaries on themes that are priorities for the Mediterranean Basin.
support centre
“Support centre"
  • Within this framework it has especially contributed to work done on strategic proposals about water, the tourist industry and indicators for sustainable development.
plan bleu studies
PLAN BLEU studies
  • important social and demographic variations (population ageing, growth in female active population, further reduction of working hours);
  • scarce improvement of the financial and economic situation;
  • political and legislative changes, accompanied by a slower process of public opinion orientation towards environmental protection of coastal areas;
  • technological progress in transportation and data proceeding and transmission;
  • growth in commerce and trade exchanges;
  • increase in transport infrastructure;
  • traveller safety (health, criminality, terrorism).
tendential aggravated
Tendential aggravated
  • Characterized by luxury international tourism and by national tourism stagnation, leading to the creation of other elite tourism poles.
  • Nature will be protected only in a few privileged oasis, but environmental quality will deteriorate, due to the scarce resources available for local communities.
tendential moderate
Tendential moderate
  • Long term growth, of the neoliberal kind.
  • Economic growth in Mediterranean countries.
  • More resources for environmental protection.
  • Tendency to tourism product standardization and increase in the number of short trips and hiking.
alternative cooperative
Alternative cooperative
  • Based on environmental protection, voluntary solidarity between northern and southern countries of the Mediterranean.
  • The result is the creation of integrated and low impact tourism complexes.
alternative
Alternative
  • Internalisation of environmental and land-use policies;
  • Greater exchange of tourism flows between the north and the south of the Mediterranean.
why a mediterranean strategy
WHY A MEDITERRANEAN STRATEGY?
  • The Mediterranean Strategy is a framework strategy.
  • … to adapt international commitments to regional conditions…
  • … to guide national sustainable development strategies…
  • … to initiate a dynamic partnership between countries at different levels of development.
slide21
The Mediterranean Strategy as a model for the regional follow-up of progress and the promotion of sustainable development
  • Sustainable development goals will be attained more effectively if they are monitored properly.
  • This also means comparing Mediterranean achievements with global goals and contributing to international assessments, reviews and debates.
main objectives
MAIN OBJECTIVES
  • Contribute to economic development by enhancing Mediterranean assets.
  • Change unsustainable production and consumption patterns and ensure the sustainable management of natural resources.
  • Improve governance at the local, national and regional levels.
synergies between objectives and priority fields of action
Synergies between objectives and priority fields of action
  • Promote Sustainable tourism. Enhance value of Mediterranean assets and diversify tourism.
  • Increase added value of tourist economy for local communities in developing countries.
  • Reduce tourist pressures in environmental hot spots.
  • Better temporal and spatial management of tourist flows.
  • Regional cooperation, ecotourism framework programme, labelling.
  • Local governance.
  • Economic tools.
  • Tourism pay-back formulae.
  • Carrying capacities.
implementation
IMPLEMENTATION
  • SOLIDARITY, COMMITMENT AND FINANCING.
  • HUMAN CAPITAL AND PARTICIPATION.
  • NATIONAL STRATEGIES.