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Introduction to Islam 1/17/2013. Basic Facts. Monotheistic (ONE GOD) Believe in the Prophet Muhammad and one God called Allah Follow the Five Pillars of Islam and the Sunnah guides Muslims’ behavior Supreme Being: Allah Sacred Text: The Qur’an 1.5 billion adherents.

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Introduction to islam 1 17 2013

Introduction to Islam1/17/2013


Basic facts
Basic Facts

  • Monotheistic (ONE GOD)

  • Believe in the Prophet Muhammad and one God called Allah

  • Follow the Five Pillars of Islam and the Sunnah guides Muslims’ behavior

  • Supreme Being: Allah

  • Sacred Text: The Qur’an

  • 1.5 billion adherents



  • Basic facts1
    Basic Facts

    • Place of Worship: Mosque

    • Holy Land:

      • Mecca

      • Additional pilgrimage sites include the Al Quds mount in Jerusalem (The Dome of the Rock) and the city of Medina in Saudi Arabia


    Dome of the rock
    Dome of the Rock

    • 2nd holiest mosque in all of Islam

    • Located in Jerusalem


    Named prophets in the qur an
    Named Prophets in the Qur’an

    • Abraham

    • Enoch

    • Isaac

    • Ishmael

    • Lot

    • Jonah

    • Zechariah

    • Moses

    • Noah

    • Solomon

    • Ezra

    • John the Baptist

    • Muhammad

    • Adam

    • Elisha

    • Job

    • David

    • Ezekiel

    • Jesus

    • Aaron

    • Joseph


    Beliefs about allah
    Beliefs about Allah

    • Creator

    • Merciful

    • Holy

    • Source of Peace

    • Mighty/Strong

    • Sustainer/Provider

    • All-Knowing

    • All-Forgiving

    • Loving

    • There is no other God


    Five pillars of islam
    Five Pillars of Islam

    • Confession of Faith: “There is no God but God; Muhammad is the Prophet of God”

    • Ritual Prayer (5x/day)


    Five pillars of islam1
    Five Pillars of Islam

    • Almsgiving

      (2.5% of wealth)

      4. Fasting

      5. Hajj



    The hajj
    The Hajj

    • Shed evidence of wealth/poverty

    • Dressed in white

    • Day One—travel from Mecca to Mina

    • Day Two—Day of Arafat (forgiveness and mercy)


    Introduction to islam 1 17 2013
    Hajj

    • Day Three—

      • Throwing stones at pillars that represent seductions of Satan

      • Slaughter animal and give meat to poor.

      • Seven turns around the Ka’ba

      • Trek between to small hills to honor Hajar’s (Hagar) search for water




    What s inside the ka ba
    What’s inside the Ka’ba? Satan

    • two pillars

    • a table on the side to put items like perfume

    • two lantern-type lamps hanging from the ceiling

    • the space can accommodate about 50 people

    • no electric lights inside

    • walls and the floors are of the marble

    • no windows inside - there is only one door

    • the upper inside walls are covered with a curtain