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DX University Bryce Canyon, UT – 2012. Ethics: QSLing, Internet, Remote Operations Wayne Mills N7NG. Wayne Mills N7NG. Pushing the Limits Finding DX Working it Confirming it. Wayne Mills N7NG. “Rules” for DXing are different from the rules of contesting.

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Dx university bryce canyon ut 2012

DX University

Bryce Canyon, UT – 2012

Dx university bryce canyon ut 2012

Ethics: QSLing, Internet,

Remote Operations

Wayne Mills N7NG

Wayne mills n7ng
Wayne Mills N7NG

  • Pushing the Limits

    • Finding DX

    • Working it

    • Confirming it

Wayne mills n7ng1
Wayne Mills N7NG

“Rules” for DXing are different from the rules of contesting.

In DXing, YOU usually are the one who decides what is or is not acceptable.

Wayne mills n7ng2
Wayne Mills N7NG

Finding DX

Traditional Methods:

Tuning for it

Spotting Networks

Other Methods:




Wayne mills n7ng3
Wayne Mills N7NG


    • What constitutes a QSO?

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Wayne Mills N7NG

Confirmation data for two-way communications must include the call signs of both stations, the entity name as shown in the DXCC List, mode, date, time and band.

DXCC Rules, Section I, Rule 4

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Wayne Mills N7NG

  • With a pre-arranged sked, both parties already know the:

    • Callsigns

    • Date

    • Time

    • Frequency

    • Mode

  • What’s left to know?

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Wayne Mills N7NG

From where must the QSO be made?

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Wayne Mills N7NG

All stations must be contacted from the same DXCC entity. The location of any station shall be defined as the location of the transmitter. For the purposes of this award, remote operating points must be located within the same DXCC entity as the transmitter and receiver.

DXCC Rules, Section I, Rule 9

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Wayne Mills N7NG

Who can make the QSO?

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Wayne Mills N7NG

All contacts must be made using callsigns issued to the same station licensee. Contacts made by an operator other than the licensee must be made from a station owned and usually operated by the licensee and must be made in accordance with the regulations governing the license grant. Contacts may be made from other stations provided they are personally made by the licensee. The intent of this rule is to prohibit credit for contacts made for you by another operator from another location. You may combine confirmations from several callsigns held for credit to one DXCC award …

DXCC Rules, Section I, Rule 10

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Wayne Mills N7NG

QSL Cards and QSLing

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Wayne Mills N7NG

Written Proof: … Photocopies and electronically transmitted confirmations (including, but not limited to, fax and email) are not currently acceptable for DXCC purposes. Exception: Confirmations created and delivered by ARRL’s Logbook of the World program are acceptable for DXCC credit.

DXCC Rules, Section I, Rule 2

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Wayne Mills N7NG

All confirmations must be submitted exactly as received by the applicant. The submission of altered, forged, or otherwise invalid confirmations for DXCC credit may result in disqualification of the applicant and forfeiture of any right to DXCC membership.

DXCC Rules, Section I, Rule 11

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Wayne Mills N7NG


Via Postal Direct

Outer Envelope:

No callsigns, Sealing

Inner envelope:

Your callsign, Folding, Sealant

Return postage:

IRCs, currency, stamps

Your QSL:

Easily readable, Your callsign, Info all on one side

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Wayne Mills N7NG

  • Via QSL Bureau

    • Outgoing Bureau

    • Incoming Bureau

    • (Keep envelopes or – cash – on file)

    • Time in transit

    • Mass mailing of QSLs for all QSOs

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Wayne Mills N7NG

  • Via Traditional QSL Service

  • Via Online QSL Request Service (OQRS)

  • Request via bureau

  • Request direct postal mail

  • Include a contribution

  • Via E-QSL

  • Via Logbook of The World (LoTW)

    • ARRL awards and CQ awards

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Wayne Mills N7NG

A QSL is not merchandise for sale, but the final courtesy of a QSO (from the website of Paul Granger, F6EXV)

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Wayne Mills N7NG

Contrary to popular belief in some quarters, a QSL card to confirm a QSO is not a "right". In the same vein GM3VLB does not consider it a requirement on his part to automatically reply to all QSL cards received. Were he to do so, the task would take up an inordinate amount of his already limited time. … It is arrogant to suggest that 'QSLing is the final courtesy of a QSO'. Is it not enough that someone has spent a lot of time and gone to a lot of expense getting equipped for portable operation, and perhaps travelling in severe sea/weather conditions, often making difficult landings, and operating in most uncomfortable surroundings? Is it then fair to expect that person to have thousands of cards printed at their own expense AND to also pay return postage? (from website of Andre Saunders, GM3VLB)