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Chapter 5 Review. 2013. 1 . The two major components of the integument are: A. The cutaneous membrane and the accessory structures B. The epidermis and the hypodermis C. The hair and the nails D. The dermis and the subcutaneous layer.

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slide2

1. The two major components of the integument are:

  • A. The cutaneous membrane and the accessory structures
  • B. The epidermis and the hypodermis
  • C. The hair and the nails
  • D. The dermis and the subcutaneous layer.
slide3

2. The fibrous protein that forms the basic structural component of hair and nails is

  • A. Collagen
  • B. Melanin
  • C. Elastin
  • D. Keratin
slide4

3. The two types of exocrine glands in the skin are

  • A. Merocrine and seat glands
  • B . Sebaceous and sweat glands
  • C. Apocrine and sweat glands.
  • D. Eccrine and sweat glands
slide5

4. All of the following are accessory structures of the integumentary system except

  • A. Nails
  • B. Dermal papillae
  • C. Hair
  • D. Sweat glands
slide6

5. Sweat glands that communicate with hair follicles in the armpits and produce an odorous secretion are

  • A. Apocrine glands
  • B. Merocrine glands
  • C. Sebaceous glands
  • D. A,B,and C are correct
slide7

6. The reason older persons are more sensitive to sun exposure and more likely to get sunburned is that with age

  • A. Melanocyte activity declines
  • B. Vitamin D3 production declines
  • C. Glandular activity declines
  • D. Skin thickness decreases.
slide8

7. In the elderly,, blood supply to the dermis is reduced and sweat glands are less active. This combination of factors would most affect

  • A. The ability to thermoregulate
  • B. The ability to heal injured skin
  • C. The ease with which the skin is injured.
  • D. The physical characteristics of the skin
  • E. The ability to grow hair.
slide9

8. Cutaneous membrane

  • A. Epidermal layer of flattened and dead cells
  • B. Epidermal layer containing stem cells.
  • C. Skin
  • D. Pigment cells.
slide10

9. Carotene

  • A. Cyanosis
  • B. Brown pigment
  • C. Orange-yellow pigment
  • D. Pink-red pigment
slide11

10. Melanocytes

  • A. Bone cells
  • B. Cartilage cells
  • C. Dermal cells
  • D. Pigment cells.
slide12

11. Stratum basale

  • A. Dermal layer of cells
  • B. Epidermal layer containing stem cells.
  • C. Epidermal layer of flattened and dead cells
  • D. Hypodermal layer of adipose cells.
slide13

12. Stratum Corneum

  • A. Dermal layer of cells
  • B. Epidermal layer of cells containing stem cells
  • C. Hypodermal layer of cells containing adipose cells.
  • D. Epidermal layer of flattened dead cells.
slide14

13. Bluish skin

  • A. Halotosis
  • B. Comatosis
  • C. Cyanosis
  • D. acidosis
slide15

14. Sebaceous glands

  • A. Produce carbohydrates
  • B. Produce oils
  • C. Produce waxes
  • D. Produce milk
slide16

1

What is the structure at #1?

A. Epidermis

B. Dermis

C. Hypodermis

D. Subcutaneous

slide17

2

What is the structure at #2?

Dermis

B. Sebaceous gland

Arrectorpilli muscle

Hair follicle

slide18

3

What is the structure at #3?

Hair follicle

Sebaceous gland

Sweat gland

nociceptor

slide19

4

What is the layer at #4?

Dermis

Epidermis

Hypodermis

Adipose

slide20

5

What is the structure at #5?

Sweat gland

Ceruminous gland

Hair gland

Lacrimal gland.

slide21

20. A small amount of ultraviolet radiation is beneficial because it____?

  • A. Increases blood flow in the dermis
  • B. Stimulation the synthesis of photoreceptor pigments in the eye.
  • C. Constricts blood vessels in the dermis
  • D. Stimulates vitamin D3synthesis in the epidermis
  • E. Adjust overall gland secretion rates in the body.