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The Role of Moral Leadership in Transformation towards Sustainability. Sylvia Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen Leiden University – iefworld.org Onno Vinkhuyzen iefworld.org – ebbf.org Making the invisible visible , Brighton, 16 Dec 2010. Today.

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the role of moral leadership in transformation towards sustainability
The Role of Moral Leadership in Transformation towards Sustainability
  • Sylvia Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen
  • Leiden University – iefworld.org
  • Onno Vinkhuyzen
  • iefworld.org – ebbf.org
  • Making the invisible visible, Brighton, 16 Dec 2010
today
Today
  • Current situation in the realms of Knowledge, Values, and Institutions
  • Overview of most common leadership styles
  • Overview of Moral Leadership
  • Two examples
axioms
Axioms
  • Humanity as a whole is the moral community we should analyze, only a systemic view is sustainable
  • Human beings have an innate ability to rise above the self-interest model of behaviour that underpins much of current economic and political analysis and express altruism
the prevailing knowledge paradigm
The prevailing knowledge paradigm
  • certain (scientific) forms of knowledge are highly privileged over other forms of knowledge.
  • the geographical or institutional source of knowledge greatly influences how it is valued and thus how much impact it has
  • information for short-term horizons is priviledged
the knowledge system needs to be characterised by
The knowledge system needs to be characterised by
  • an attitude supporting wider participation in the generation of scientific knowledge
  • a more welcoming attitude towards experience based knowledge, such as local and indigenous knowledge, as input to decision-making at various levels of governance; and
  • more focus on systemic knowledge which incorporates various disciplines and strives to consider impacts for longer time-horizons.
our value system
Our value system
  • Is now one where value spheres are often far too limited in geographical scope and time to support global sustainability
what we need
What we need
  • world-embracing value spheres and
  • leaders who manifest those values, and who are able to formulate inspiring visions of what a society which manifests such values would look like
the institutions
The institutions
  • Now have a bias towards favouring short-term horizons and national self-interest
  • We need a paradigm shift in many institutions from the local to the global level
styles of leadership
Styles of leadership

Little unity, no unity between leader and group

Gives orders

Exp. Obedience

No dialogue

Resentment,

low motivation, obstruction

Army, some organisations

Love,

Care, no faith in cap. gr. members

Rel. orgs,

Char. orgs

Dependent,

No development capabilities

No cohesion,

Dependent,

helpless

Feel inferior, don't participate, leader is frustrated

No integration leader and group, no dev. potential

Lets know or feel that he is more knowledgeable

Academics,

Consultants,

“Experts”

Politics

Feel betrayed, become cynical,

mistrust

No unity, no development of capabilities

Hide true motives and personal interests

they all
They all
  • dominate decision-making
  • serve an egoistic need for power
  • completely neglect to develop the potentialities of the members of the group
slide16
“One cannot solve a problem at the same level of thinking that created the problem.”-attributed to Albert Einstein-
ml the short version
ML - the short version
  • Questioning mental models
  • Constructing conceptual frameworks
  • Training of capabilities
  • Utilization of participatory techniques
slide18
Definition of Mental Models“Mental Models are deeply rooted images that determine how we perceive our environment” -Peter Senge-
conceptual framework
Conceptual Framework

Conscious

Evolving, because of our ability to question and contemplate

Consistent

New knowledge develops into real knowledge

Thinking versus acting

18 capabilities
Concepts

Skills

Attitudes

Qualities

7 Capabilities that contribute to personal transformation

5 Capabilities that contribute to better interpersonal relations

6 Capabilities that contribute to social transformation

18 Capabilities
ml the longer version
ML – the longer version

Service based

Goal is Personal and Social Transformation

Moral obligation to search for and apply ‘Truth’

Perceive and treat humans as Essentially Noble

Transcendence

Training of Capabilities

slide22

Traditional Leadership seeks to dominate and control others, so that they will serve the one(s) in charge.Moral Leadership seeks to dominate and control self (ego) so that one is free to serve others.

transformation23
Personal

Learn from systematic reflection on action

Training of capabilities

Social

Creative groups, seeds for transformation of society

Support for individuals who try to push forward

Transformation
contingent truth
Contingent truth

Ascertaining the facts

Current reality

Relative, but ever deepening understanding

Ideal truth

  • Points to the way things should be
  • Normative
  • Based on principles and vision
  • Progressive
concepts of human nature
Concepts of human nature

Racist

Rational animal

Deterministic

Sinner

Essential nobility

transcendence
Transcendence

the capacity to detach oneself from “current reality” and to connect with those values and principles which one believes to be of eternal worth and which form part of one’s vision

capabilities which contribute to personal transformation
Capabilities which contribute to personal transformation

Evaluate one's own strengths and weaknesses without involving the ego

Learn from systematic reflection on action within a consistent, evolving conceptual framework

capabilities which contribute to personal transformation29
Capabilities which contribute to personal transformation

Take initiative in a creative and disciplined way and

Persevere

Think systemically in the search for solutions

capabilities which contribute to better interpersonal relations
Capabilities which contribute to better interpersonal relations
  • take part in a non-adversarial, truth-seeking process of decision-making
  • create and promote unity in diversity
capabilities which contribute to social transformation
Capabilities which contribute to social transformation
  • create a vision of a desired future based on shared values and principles and to articulate it clearly and simply so that it inspires in others a sense of commitment towards its fulfilment
practice
Practice
  • Ecuador - 1000 educators from all over the country
  • Kosovo – youth workers from different ethnic groups
moral leadership results in
Moral leadership results in
  • Groups that are united
  • Groups that are able to reach their goals
  • Groups that empower their members to develop their capabilities
conclusions
Conclusions
  • No quick fixes
  • Have to look at root causes
  • Humans are very well able to adopt to more expanded value spheres which may lead to change in paradigms
slide35
“When a true leader has finished his work,

the people say, ‘Look at what we have achieved.’”

(Chinese proverb)