MDMA ( ecstacy ). By Cody Wilkins. History.
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By Cody Wilkins
MDMA was first synthesized in 1912 intended to stop abnormal bleeding. After that MDMA was largely forgotten, researched years later in universities, and used casually by the doctors who researched it and their friends. In the 80’s MDMA became popular in night clubs and gay clubs, it later spread to the Europe and the rave culture. MDMA was classified as a schedule 1 drug in 1985.
Arguably can be used to assist in psychotherapy
Buddhist Monks use it in small doses to enhance meditation
Currently being researched for its use in treating PTSD
Often used in conjunction with other psychedelic drugs
Causes the release of large amounts of serotonin
Blocks the reuptake of serotonin by the synaptic terminal
Depletes the amount of serotonin in the brain
Sense of inner peace
Diminished fear and anxiety
Exceptionally loving towards others
Improved self confidence
Auditory and visual distortions
Loss of appetite
Damage to blood vessels
Involuntary eye movements
Damage to heart
Rapid breathing or shortness of breath
Severe chest pain
Abnormal electrical activity in the heart
Hyperthermia (body too hot)
Fainting/loss of consciousness
Dead Hours Later
There are currently no pharmacological treatments for Ecstasy addiction but the best treatment as with most drugs is behavioral cognitive therapy.
Some Buddhist monks use MDMA to enhance their meditations.
About.com. (n.d.). Ecstacy - MDMA. Retrieved from http://alcoholism.about.com/od/ecstasy/Ecstasy_MDMA.htm
Chudler, E. H. (Ed.). (2011). Ecstacy. Retrieved from Neuroscience For Kids: http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/mdma.html
Info facts: MDMA (ecstasy). (n.d.). Retrieved from NIDA: http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/infofacts/mdma-ecstasy
Levinthal, C. F. (2012). Drugs, Behavior, & Modern Society (seventh edition). Boston: Pearson.
Wikipedia. (2012, March 27). MDMA. Retrieved 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecstasy_(drug)