Confidence in Government and Happiness in EU and US. Sergiu Baltatescu University of Oradea. International Joint Workshop: Europe and North America - Societies in Contrast Hanse Institute for Advanced Study, Delmenhorst, Germany,6 - 9 March 2005. Specific CCSC Trends Addressed.
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Sergiu BaltatescuUniversity of Oradea
International Joint Workshop: Europe and North America - Societies in Contrast
Hanse Institute for Advanced Study, Delmenhorst, Germany,6-9March 2005
Debates on measures:
Debates on conceptualizations:
Effects - negative
Effects - positive
A society with peoples trusting authorities is theoreticallymore livable.
Confidence increase the efficiency of government and prevents disorders.
Livability (Veenhoven, 1993) is one of the most influential explanatory theories for the variations in happiness.
Brehm & Rahn (1997)“Americans transfer their unhappiness about their own lives onto confidence about federal institutions.”
Interpersonal trust is one of the most important determinants of confidence in government.
World Values Surveys and European Values Surveys 1981-1984, 1990-1993, 1995-1997, and 1999-2001 (Inglehart, 2000, 2004).
“All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?”
Question: “Please look at this card and tell me, for each item listed, how much confidence you have in them, is it a great deal, quite a lot, not very much or none at all?
Psychometric proprieties of the index of confidence :
Nation-level means correlation for 13 countries:
r2 = 0,474
Big picture: 36 European countries + US + Canada
r2 = 0,497
Countries included in the study are in a top positions
Picture at individual level:
** Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).
n.s. non significant
Across all countries/waves, postmaterialism is negatively correlated with trust in government in institutions
Correlations signs & values between happiness postmaterialism are mixed.
Controlling for postmaterialism, correlation between happiness and confidence in government institutions remains significant.
At country level, in all vaves, GDP/capita is highly positively correlated with trust in government institutions and also happiness
Controlling for GDP/capita, correlation between happiness and confidence in government institutions remains significant.