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Environmental Protection - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Environmental Protection. 可持续发展 白色污染 温室效应 自然保护区 世界环境日 联合国环境与发展大会 国家环境保护总局 保护和改善生态环境 环境恶化 汽车尾气排放. Sustainable development White pollution Greenhouse effect Nature reserve World Environment Day United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

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slide2
可持续发展

白色污染

温室效应

自然保护区

世界环境日

联合国环境与发展大会

国家环境保护总局

保护和改善生态环境

环境恶化

汽车尾气排放

Sustainable development

White pollution

Greenhouse effect

Nature reserve

World Environment Day

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

State Environmental Protection Administration

Protect and improve the ecological environment

Environmental degradation

Motor vehicle exhaust

slide3
普及环保知识

增强环保意识

加强生态建设

防治污染

加强水土保持

生态平衡

减缓全球变暖速度

治理沙地和水土

流失问题

Popularize environmental protection knowledge

Enhance the awareness of the importance of environmental protection

Improve the eco-construction

Prevent and control pollution

Reinforce the conservation of water and soil

Ecological balance

Slow down the pace of global warming

Tackle the problems of sand and soil erosion

slide4
加强珍稀野生动

 植物保护工作

 崇尚绿色生活方式

 采用新开采方式

 削减污物排放

 再生纸

 降低资源消耗率

 开发可再生能源

Protect rare wild animals and plants

Pursue a green life

Apply new exploitation method

Decrease the disposal of pollutants

Recycle paper

Slow down the rate of resource degradation

Develop renewable resources

slide5
人们越来越清楚地认识到环境问题是威胁人类生存的一个重要根源.人们越来越清楚地认识到环境问题是威胁人类生存的一个重要根源.
  • Environmental problems have been recognized as an important source of threats to human survival.
  • 现在人们已经把环境当作一项至关重要的安全事务来对待.
  • The environment is now considered to be a significant security issue.
slide6
人口越来越多,对自然资源的需求越来越大,对资源的开发的要求也不断增长.人口越来越多,对自然资源的需求越来越大,对资源的开发的要求也不断增长.

The need for access to natural resources has increased and more people are making greater demands upon those resources.

  • 我们要贯彻经济建设,城乡建设,环境建设同步规划,同步实施,同步发展的方针.

We will carry out a strategy of synchronized planning, implementation and development in terms of economic and urban and rural development and environmental protection.

slide7
The green movement arose out of a re-evaluation of western industrial civilization. Although the Reformation, the Renaissance and the Industrial Revolution were all contributing factors to the birth of western industrial civilization, the root cause was colonialism, which permitted the large-scale relocation of developed countries’ economic and social contradictions. To ensure this relocation could proceed smoothly, capitalism created a set of international rules to protect its own interest, and environmental issues are a case in point.
slide8
Developed countries account for 15% of the world’s population, yet use over 85% of its resources. They raise their own environmental standards and transfer resource-intensive and polluting industries to developing countries; they establish a series of green barriers and bear a little environmental responsibility as is possible. In the end, the green movement found that any problem cab be relocated, except pollution, because we all live on the same planet.
slide9
Speech by Clinton at Peking University 1998

In the near future, if present energy use patterns persist, China will overtake the United States as the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases, which are the principle cause of global warming. If the nations of the world do not reduce the gases which are causing global warming, sometimes in the next century there is a serious risk of dramatic changes in climate which will change the way we live and the way we work, which could literally bury some island nations under mountains of water and undermine the economic and social fabric of nations.

slide10
坚持环境保护基本国策

污染者负担的政策

强化环境管理的政策

限期治理

国家级生态示范区

国家级园林城市

生态示范区

三废综合利用

Adhere to the basic state policy of environmental protection

“the polluters-pay” policy

Policy of tightening up environmental management

Undertake treatment within a prescribed limit of time

Nationally designated Eco-Demonstration Region

Nationally Designated Garden City

Eco-demonstration region

Multipurpose use of three types of wastes

slide11
防止过度利用森林

森林砍伐率

生态农业

水资源保护区

造林工程

绿化面积

森林覆盖率

开发可再生能源

保护生存环境

濒危野生动物

小排量汽车

Protect forests from overexploitation

Deforestation rate

Eco-agriculture; environment-friendly agriculture

Water resource conservation zone

Afforested project

Afforested areas; greening space

Forest coverage rate

Develop renewable resources

Conserve natural habitats

Endangered wildlife

Small-displacement vehicles

slide12
The World Faces Environmental Problems

The world faces a complex variety of problems in the immediate future. Many of these problems are environmental in nature, relating to growth in the human population and associated demands for land, food and energy. The global economy is fueled to a dominant extent by fossil sources of energy-coal, oil and natural gas.

slide13
Environmental issues resulting from coal consumption include air pollution and notably, particulates, nitrates and sulfates--- with important implications for both environmental and human health. Consumption of fossil fuels contributes a large and growing source of CO2 with implications for changes in global climate. The conference will review the challenges we face over the coming decades commenting on strategies that might be implemented to minimize potential negative consequences.
slide14
The environmental Problems of China

In 20 years, China has achieved economic results that took a century to attain in the west. But we have also concentrated a century’s worth of environmental issues into those 20 years. While becoming the world leader in GDP growth and foreign investment, we have also become the world’s number one consumer of coal, oil and steel--- and the largest producer of CO2 and chemical oxygen demand emission.

slide15
With the rise of globalization, developed countries have transferred their industry to developing countries as a form of environmental colonialism. In China, pollution has been moved from east to west and from the city to the rural areas. The rich consume and the poor suffer the pollution. The economic and environmental inequalities caused by a flawed understanding of growth and political achievement, held by some officials, have gone against the basic aims of socialism and abandoned the achievements of Chinese socialism.
slide16
Environmental pollution is a term that refers to all the ways by which man pollutes his surroundings. Man dirties the air with gases and smoke, poisons the water with chemicals and other substances, and damages the soil with too many fertilizers and pesticides. Man also pollutes his surroundings in various other ways. For example, people ruin natural beauty by scattering junk and litter on the land and in the water. They operate machines and motor vehicles that fill the air with disturbing noise. Nearly everyone causes pollution in some way.
slide17
People may differ in what they consider to be pollutant, on the basis of their assessment of benefits and risks to their health and economic well-being. For example, visible and invisible chemicals spewed into the air or water from a plant nearby pose a danger to the people nearby and other animals and plants. However, if the installation of expensive pollution controls leads to the reduction of productivity, the unemployed might feel that the risks from polluted air and water are minor weighted against the benefits of profitable employment. The same level of pollution can also affect two people quite differently --- some forms of air pollution might be a slight annoyance to a healthy person but life threatening to someone with emphysema or another respiratory disorder.
slide18
Water pollution reduces the amount of pure, fresh water that is available for such necessities as drinking and cleaning, and for such activities as swimming and fishing. The pollutants that affect water come mainly from industries, farm, and sewerage system. Industries dump millions of tons of waste products into bodies of water each year. These wastes include chemicals, wastes from animals and plant matter, and hundreds of other substances. Wastes from farms include animal wastes, fertilizers, and pesticides. Most of these materials drain off farm fields and into nearby bodies of water. Sewerage system carry wastes from homes, offices, and industries into water.
slide19
Environmental pollution is one of the most serious problems facing mankind today. Badly polluted air can cause illness, and even death. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. Pollution of soil reduces the amount of land available for growing food. Environmental pollution also brings ugliness to man’s naturally beautiful world. The environmental condition to certain extent determines the prospect of economic development of an area. Benign environment and effective environmental protection measure is a crucial guarantee of sustainable development of economy.