Seerah. Presentation # 7. The Conversion of . UMAR bin Al-KHATTAB ( RA ) (6 th year of Prophet hood). Conversion of Umar (RA). Man of courage and determination. Feared and respected in Makkah. Bitter opponent of Islam.
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Seerah Presentation # 7
The Conversion of UMAR bin Al-KHATTAB (RA) (6th year of Prophet hood)
Conversion of Umar(RA) • Man of courage and determination. • Feared and respected in Makkah. • Bitter opponent of Islam. • Secretly he admired the stamina of the Muslims and their persistent dedication to their faith. • Prophet made dua for him
Conversion of Umar(RA) • One day he set out with a sword in his hand with the intentionto kill the Prophet, but somebody told him that his own sister had accepted Islam. • He went straight to his sister, Fatima’s house and heard Khabbab bin Aratt(ra) reciting surah TA’ HA. • They hid the mushafwhen they heard Umarapproaching.
After beating his brother-in-law and sister fiercely, he asked them to show what they were reading. • Once he read the Quran, he went straight to Prophet and embracedIslam.
Conversion of Umar(ra) was a real triumph for the cause of Islam. • Muslims started worshipping openly in and around the Ka’abah.
Mockery • Insulting and harming the Messenger (saw) • Accusations or character assassinations • Deforming or defaming the message • Bargaining or negotiating with Prophet and his uncle • Temptations • Setting challenges • Putting him under pressure • Showing disgust and hatred • Persecution • Assassination attempts
Quraish’s negotiations with the messenger • Utbah bin rabiah approached the Prophet and offered a bargain to him that if he stopped proclaiming his new faith, they would give him: • As much money and riches as he wanted • Kingship of Quraish • Best physician to cure, if he was under any spell
Another kind of negotiation • They were willing to give up some of their faith, requesting him to leave some of his. • Allah revealed: قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ2. لَا أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ3. وَلَا أَنْتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ4. وَلَا أَنَا عَابِدٌ مَا عَبَدْتُمْ5. وَلَا أَنْتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ6. لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِيَ دِينِ
Abu Talib assembles his family • Abu Talib exhorted Banu Hashim and Banu Muttalib to protect the Prophet. • All of them whether believers or non believers, responded positively and took oath to protect the Prophet, except Abu Lahab who sided with the idolaters.
General Social Boycott From the 7th year of Prophet hood till the 10th year
A pact of Injustice and Aggression • Quraish formed an evil confederation. • They took an oath to boycott BanuHashim and Banu Al-Muttalib until the Prophet was given up to them to be killed. • They made a written covenant and put that on a wall, inside Ka’abah.
Three years of great hardship • Abu Talib took BanuHashim and BanuMuttalib and confined them within a narrow pass (shi’b of Abu Talib). • The supply of food was almost stopped. • They had to eat tree leaves and animal skins.
Three years of great hardship • Cries of little children, suffering from hunger, could be heard clearly. • Prophet did not stop preaching even in such harsh conditions.
Dissolution of the pact • Hisham bin Amr initiated and gathered a small group of five people, who were also grieving at the sad situation of BanuHashimand BanuMuttalib, near Kaabah to abolish the pact. • They demanded Quraish to tear the pact. • Abu Jahl argued with them and said that it would not be torn until the Prophet was handed over to be killed.
Dissolution of the pact • Mean while Abu Talib came and said that a revelation had been sent to his nephew that the ants had already eaten the pact. • Later they all discovered that to be true and so the pact was dissolved and people were permitted to leave Shi’bAbitalib and go home.
The Year of Grief The tenth year of the Prophet hood
Six months after leaving the confinement of Shi’babitalib, Prophet’s dearest uncle fell ill and died. • Only two or three months after the death of his uncle, his beloved wife Khadija (ra) passed away as well.
Unshakable Belief in Allâh. • Wholeheartedly-loved leadership • The sense of responsibility. • Unwavering Belief in the truth of the Hereafter. • The Qur’ân. • Glad tidings of success.