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SUPPORTING RESEARCH IN EUROPE NORBERT KROO EUROPEAN RESEARCH COUNCIL AND THE HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES UNICA, 15.05.2008. GROWING SIGNIFICANCE OF KNOWLEDGE KNOWLEDGE BASED SOCIETY (ECONOMY) INNOVATION ORIENTED SOCIETY RESOURCES (LABOUR, MATERIALS, ENERGY, CAPITAL,

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slide1

SUPPORTING RESEARCH IN EUROPE

NORBERT KROO

EUROPEAN RESEARCH COUNCIL AND

THE HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

UNICA, 15.05.2008

slide2

GROWING SIGNIFICANCE OF KNOWLEDGE

KNOWLEDGE BASED SOCIETY (ECONOMY)

INNOVATION ORIENTED SOCIETY

RESOURCES (LABOUR, MATERIALS, ENERGY, CAPITAL,

KNOWLEDGE). SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE!

(danger to treat knowledge as a tradable commodity)

NEW PRACTICES INRESEARCH (multidisciplinary,groups)

NEW PRIORITIES (sustainable development,jobs, competitiveness)

DRYING OUT TECHNOLOGIES

GLOBALIZATION. CRITICAL SIZE. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

NEW POTENTIAL REVOLUTIONS (BIO-, NANO-, INFO-TECHNOLOGIES )

slide3
SCIENCE IS CHANGING

* THE COMPLEXITY OF KNOWLEDGE INCREASES  DEEPER

KNOWLEDGE IN NARROWER FIELDS

* INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH EXPANDS.

(COMPLEX PROBLEMS)

* THE COST OF RESEARCH (INFRASTRUCTURE) SKYROCKETS. GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT NEEDED.

* INCREASING CRITICAL SIZE IN RESEARCH. NETWORKING.

(BOTH FINANCIALLY AND IN HUMAN POTENTIAL)

* STRONGER INFLUENCE ON THE PERFORMANCE OF THE ECONOMY

* NEW WAYS OF DOING SCIENCE: „KNOWLEDGE BORN IN CYBER-

SPACE” THROUGH THE INTERACTION OF DISLOCATED SCIENTISTS

* DEVELOPMENT COSTS BEYOND THE POSSIBILITIES OF COMPANIESREQUEST FOR STATE INTERVENTION, COMPANY

CONSORTIA (JTI!)

* SCIENCE HAS BECOME FULLY INTERNATIONAL. GLOBALIZATION

slide4

THE ECONOMY PROFITS FROM RESEARCH

(IN MANY WAYS)

-RESULTS OF BASIC RES. GET RIPE FOR APPLICATIONS

(HOLOGRAPHY)

-RESEARCH FOR GENERAL GOALS (CANCER RESEARCH)

-RESEARCH FOR CONCRETE GOALS (HIGH SPEED

COMMUNICATION NETWORKS)

-BYPRODUCTS OF BASIC RES (WWW, LANDING ON MOON)

-CONTRACTS FOR COMPANIES (ACCELERATOR MAGNETS)

slide5

PARADOXICAL ISSUES (1)

1.THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SCIENCE INCREASES WHILE THE

INTEREST OF THE YOUNG GENERATION DECREASES

(knowledge paradox)

2.THE TIME NEEDED TO ACQUIRE KNOWLEDGE INCREASES

AND THE OBSOLESCENCE TIME OF IT DECREASES

(time paradox)

3. GOOD RESEARCH IN EUROPE, BUT LOOSING GROUND IN

COMPETITIVENESS (innovation paradox)

slide6

PARADOXICAL ISSUES (2)

4. THE ROLE OF R&D IN COMPETITIVENESS INCREASES,

BUT THE DECISIONMAKERS ARE OFTEN TEMPTED TO

FORGET ABOUT IT (competitiveness paradox)

5.THE SHARE OF GOVERNMENTS IN FINANCING R&D

ACTIVITIES IS DECREASING BUT THE ROLE OF THE

REMAINING CONTRIBUTION IS INCREASING

(governance paradox)

AND NOW ON EUROPEAN ISSUES:

slide7

EUROPEAN TRADITIONS

MANY (100 YEAR, 30 YEAR, 1. AND 2 WORLD) WARS

RENAISSANCE

ENLIGHTENMENT

GALILEI, KEPLER, NEWTON, MAXWELL,…

INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION

THE CRADLE OF MODERN SCIENCE

RESPONSIBILITY OF OUR GENERATION!

SKILLS IN INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION!

TRADITIONAL UNIVERSITY SYSTEM

BOLOGNA (drives universities to be more managable)

TRADITIONAL PUBLICATION CULTURE

slide8

WEAK POINTS OF EUROPEAN (BASIC)

RESEARCH

1. WEAK COOPERATION ALONG STRATEGIC PRIORITIES

2. FRAGMENTED RESEARCH

3. LACK OF FINANCES FOR TRAINING, MOBILITY AND RESEARCH

INFRASTRUCTURE

4. LACK OF SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL COHESION

5. LOW VOLUME OF EXCELLENT RESEARCH AND SMALL NUMBER OF

EXCELLENT RESEARCH TEAMS

6. NEGLECT OF EU LEVEL ATTENTION ON

BASIC RESEARCH . DIPLOMACY?

slide10

R&D RECOGNIZED AS A KEY TO COMPE-

TITIVENESS AND NEW (HIGH TECH.) JOBS

INCREASED RESEARCH POTENTIAL NEEDED

HUMAN CAPITAL (NATIONAL AND EUROPEAN EFFORTS)

PROPER INFRASTRUCTURE (ESFRI!, e-IRG, RI-WG)

STRONG (BASIC) RESEARCH BASE (G.W. Bush)

ERC (excellence – competition on European level)

HIGHER R&D SPENDING

APPROPRIATE INSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM

IMPROVED ACADEMIA - INDUSTRY RELATIONS

BETTER SCIENCE - SOCIETY RELATIONS

MORE ATTENTION TO INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

slide11

WHAT HAPPENED AFTER LISBON?

THE CONCEPT OF THE EUROPEAN RESEARCH AREA

BARCELONA (3%)

GÖTEBORG (SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT)

THE CONCEPT OF TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS

ERC ! [community efforts should not concentrate solely

on competitiveness, but on the foundations of it,

namely (basic, strategic) research]

EIT? (changing concept, fine-tuning process)

positive developments, but not at the end yet.

BUDGET (>70Mrd  >54Mrd EURO)

slide12

WIDENING OF THE EUREAN KNOWLEDGE

BASE (EUROPEAN RESEARCH AREA) (1)

- HARMONIZATION OF NATIONAL RESEARCH PROGRAMMES

- RECOGNITION OF EXCELLENCE IN (BASIC) RESEARCH

(at present no financing on European level; ERC)

- RECRUITMENT, TRAINING AND CAREER PATH OF SCIENTISTS

(700 000 scientist-engineer positions until 2010)

- ATTRACTIVE RESEARCH ENVIRONMENT

- BETTER USE AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE RESEARCH POTENTIAL OF

LESS DEVELOPED REGIONS (e.g. new member countries)

slide13

ERA (2)

- BALANCED RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE

THE WEAKEST POINT IN CENTRAL EUROPE

PRACTICALLY NO LARGE FACILITIES

STRUCTURAL FUNDS!

- MOBILITY. HUMAN RESOURCES

MARIE CURIE SCHEME (BALANCED USE)

TWO WAY STREET

YOUNG SCIENTIST GRANTS

- THE 3% ISSUE

DEBATE ON ERA RELAUNCHED! THE GREEN PAPER.

slide14

ERA(3): to keep science on the top of the agenda (renewed efforts)

  • MOBILITY
  • WORLD CLASS RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE
  • EXCELLENT RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS (public-private cooperation)
  • EFFECTIVE KNOWLEDGE SHARING
  • WELL COORDINATED RESEARCH PROGRAMMES AND PRIORITIES
  • OPENING ERA TO THE WORLD
slide15

ABOUT

EUROPEAN LEVEL COMPETITION:

-ADDED VALUE: HIGHER QUALITY RESEARCH

COOPERATION, NETWORKING:

-CRITICAL MASS (INTELLECTUAL AND FINANTIAL)

-LESS DUPLICATION, FRAGMENTATION

SUPPORT OF EXCELLENCE:

-GOOD FOR ALL

BUT THE SAME APPLIES TO THE PROPER

USE OF STRUCTURAL FUNDS!

slide16

FP6

MAIN INSTRUMENT OF ERA

CONCENTRATING AND INTEGRATING EUROPEAN

RESEARCH

STRUCTURING ERA

STRENGHTENING ITS FOUNDATIONS

FP7

NEW APPROACH: THE BASIS!

THE FOUR SPECIFIC PROGRAMMES!

ERC; JTI

RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES

slide17

RESEARCH POLICY OF THE EU:

-TO SUPPORT EXCELLENT RESEARCH: FP7

AND OF COHESION POLICIES:

-TO REDUCE GRADIENTS BETWEEN REGIONS: STRUCTURAL FUNDS

SYNERGY (COMPLEMENTARITY) OF THEM:

-TO MOBILIZE THE R&D POTENTIAL ON ALL LEVELS

-TO IMPROVE RESEARCH CAPACITY

THE RE-VITALIZATION OF ERA

-MOBILITY, INFRASTRUCTURE, INSTITUTIONS, COORDINATION,

INTERNATIONALIZATION, EXCELLENCE, COOPERATION IN

COMPETITION, BETTER USE OF THE RESEARCH CAPACITY OF

THE NEW MEMBERS OF THE UNION

slide18

BASIC PHILOSOPHY OF FP7

THE BASIS OF THE LISBON PRINCIPLES: KNOWLEDGE

DEVELOPMENT OF THE KNOWLEDGE TRIANGLE:

-RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY

-EDUCATION AND TRAINING (IN RESEARCH TOO)

-INNOVATION

INCREASED EMPHASIS ON RESEARCH (FP7!)

ERA;3%; LESS BUREAUCRACY

BETTER USE OF EXISTING CAPACITIES

MORE EFFICIENT UTILIZATION OF SCIENTIFIC

RESULTS (IN PRODUCTS, PROCESSES, SERVICES)

slide19

ON THE CONTENT (1)

FOUR SPECIFIC PROGRAMNES:

- COOPERATION (COLLABORATIVE PROJECTS;

NETWORKS; COORDINATION; THIRD COUNTRIES)

- IDEAS (; ALL SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL

FIELDS; INDIVIDUAL PERSONS OR GROUPS;

ERC AS THE RUNNING ORGANIZATION!

- PEOPLE: MARIE CURIE PROGRAMME

(CAREER DEVELOPMENT; CONNECTION WITH THE

NATIONAL SYSTEMS)

slide20

ON THE CONTENT (2)

- CAPACITIES ( RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE;

RESEARCH FOR SME-S; REGIONAL RESEARCH;

SCIENCE AND SOCIETY)

PRIORITY COOPERATION THEMES (9):

HEALTH; FOOD; AGRICULTURE; BIOTECHNOLOGY; ICT;

NANOSCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; NEW MATERIALS

AND TECHNOLOGIES; ENERGY; ENVIRONMENT AND

CLIMATIC CHANGES); TRANSPORT AND AERONAUTICS;

SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES; SECURITY AND

SPACE RESEARCH.

slide21

ON RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE (1)

IT’S SIGNIFICANCE TO FACILITATE INNOVATION AND

COMPETITIVENESS

THE PUBLICATION „INDUSTRY” IS ALSO AN ELEMENT OF

THIS INFRASTRUCTURE. OPEN ACCESS!

THE ESFRI ROADMAP (35 FACILITIES)

slide22

ON RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE (2)

HIGHER FINANTIAL SHARE OF THE EU IN RI-S

A STRONG E-INFRASTRUCTURE

A STRONGER EU-COORDINATION AND SINGLE VOICE

MORE HOMOGENEOUS DISTRIBUTION OF RI-S

NETWORKING OF SMALLER RI-S

A SIGNIFICANT SHARE OF THE STRUCTURAL FUNDS

NUMEROUS ACTIONS IN CONNECTION WITH GOVERNANCE AND OF LEGAL CHARACTER

slide23

ERC

„SCIENCE IS TO SEE WHAT EVERYONE HAS SEEN BUT

THINK WHAT NO ONE HAS THOUGHT”

ALBERT SZENT-GYÖRGYI

IDEAS!

(Frontier research)

GALILEI

slide24

IDEAS: CREATIVITY

Ernő Rubik’s cube

slide25

ERC (1)

ONE OF THE KEY INSTRUMENTS TO REALIZE

THE ERA CONCEPT (ONE OF THE FOUR SPECIFIC

PROGRAMMES OF FP7). THE NEED TO RE-THINK ERA

EXPECTED BENEFITS

- NEW KNOLEDGE, IDEAS, DISCOVERIES

- HIGHER QUALITY BY EUROPEAN LEVEL COMPETITION

- STRONGER EUROPEAN RESEARCH EFFORTS

- DECREASING FRAGMENTATION

- MINIMAL DUPLICATION OF EFFORTS AND RESOURCES

- THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION MAY HAVE A BETTER

VIEW OF RESEARCH IN EUROPE

slide26

ERC (2)

HOW?

TO PROMOTE EXCELLENCE IN ALL AREAS OF SCIENCE

COMPETITIVE FUNDING. SOLELY ON THE BASIS OF

EXCELLENCE

TO SUPPORT GROUP RESEARCH BUT INDIVIDUALS TOO

(FIRST OF ALL YOUNG RESEARCHERS, HIGH RISK,

INTERDISCIPLINARY)

MINIMAL BUREAUCRACY. OPEN ON GLOBAL SCALE!

EARLY STAGE INDEPENDENT INVESTIGATOR SCHEME

ESTABLISHED INVESTIGATOR GRANT SCHEME

SPECIAL PARALLEL EUROPEAN PROGRAMMES FOR

TRAINING AND MOBILITY (TO INCREASE THE QUALITY

AND NUMBER OF RESEARCHERS IN EUROPE)

slide27

ERC (3)

OWNERSHIP AND FUNDING:

ERC CREATED BY THE UNION AND ITS HEADS OF STATES

ACCOUNTABLE TO THE EC THROUGH ITS GOVERNING BODY

AUTONOMOUS SCIENTIFIC DECISION MAKING BODY

FUNDING MAINLY FROM THE EU BUDGET ( FP-S ARE THE

ONLY POSSIBLE EU SOURCES)

AGREEMENTS WITH OTHER ORGANIZATIONS SHOULD BE

POSSIBLE (E.G. TO OBTAIN FINANCES OR TO BUILD UP

OTHER FORMS OF CO-OPERATION)

~7.5 BILLION EURO IN FP7 (~LINEAR INCREASE

300M-1.7B , 2007- 2013)

slide28

Strategic AimsOverview

Boost European excellence in "Frontier Research"

  • by investing in the best researchers and ideas
  • through competition at European level
  • on the basis of scientific excellence as the sole criterion
  • raising incentives towards quality and aspirations of individual researchers
  • providing benchmarks and leverage towards broader (structural) improvements in European research
why frontier research
Why “Frontier Research”?

Traditional terminology(“basic” / “applied” research “science” vs. “technology”) is no longer appropriate:

  • Research at the frontiers is characterised by an absence of disciplinary boundaries
  • New discoveries are often triggered by real world problems (and vice-versa)
  • Progress in understanding phenomena and techniques for investigation go hand in hand
erc 4 the scientific council members role
ERC(4):The Scientific CouncilMembers & Role

22 most respected researchers reflecting the full scope of European research and scholarship

  • proposed by an independentidentification committee
  • appointed by the Commission(for 4 years, renewable once)

Role:

  • Establishes overall scientific strategyestablishes annual work programmes (incl. calls for proposals, evaluation criteria); defines peer review methodology; ensures selection and accreditation of experts
  • Controls quality of operations and management
  • Ensures communication with the scientific community. Open access!
1st call erc starting grant massive response
1st Call ERC Starting GrantMassive response

* Indicative budget established by ScC (Work programme 2007)

erc starting grant statistics
ERC Starting Grant: Statistics

Some preliminary statistics are available:

  • Average requested grant size: 1 M€
  • Female/male applicants: 30/70%
  • Mostly from single institutions:
  • Broad distribution of time for PI after PhD:
starting grant panel structure
STARTING GRANT PANEL STRUCTURE
  • Physical Sciences, Engineering Sciences, Universe and Earth Sciences (8 panels)

Panel PE1 - Mathematical foundations

Panel PE2 - Fundamental constituents of matter

Panel PE3 - Condensed matter in physics and chemistry

Panel PE4 - Material and chemical sciences

Panel PE5 - Information and communication

Panel PE6 - Engineering sciences

Panel PE7 - Universe science

Panel PE8 - Earth system science

  • Biological and Life Sciences (7 panels)

Panel LS1 - Molecular, cellular and developmental biology

Panel LS2 - Genetics, genomics, bioinformatics and systems biology

Panel LS3 - Organismic physiology, including infection and immunity

Panel LS4 - Neurosciences

Panel LS5 - Evolutionary, population and environmental biology

Panel LS6 - Medical and health science research

Panel LS7 - Applied life sciences, biotechnology and bioengineering

  • Social and Human Sciences (5 panels)

Panel SH1 - Individuals and organisations

Panel SH2 - Institutions, behaviour, values and beliefs

Panel SH3 - The human mind and its complexity

Panel SH4 - Cultures and cultural diversity

Panel SH5 - The study of the past and of cultural artefacts

slide35

Nationality

Number of proposals by gender and nationality

32 countries

erc advanced grant erc advanced investigator researcher grant
ERC Advanced Grant (ERC Advanced Investigator Researcher Grant)
  • Designed to support excellent investigator-initiated research projects by established independent research leaders
  • Targeting researchers who have already established their independence as team leaders and are exceptional leaders in terms of significance of their research achievements (in the last 10 years)
  • Natural sci.:997; Life sci:766; Soc. sci.+humanities:403

up to 5 years,

up to € 2,5 million per grant

~3000 Starting Grants over 7 years of FP7 (2007-2013)

slide37

ERC(5)

MISSION OF THE SCIENTIFIC COUNCILOF ERC

(more than money distributor):

DECIDE ON SCIENTIFIC STRATEGY

MONITOR AND CONTROL QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE

ESTABLISH A COMMUNICATION STRATEGY (INCL. TO THE

SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY

MULTDISCIPLINARITY,

SUPPORT OF HIGH RISK RESEARCH

slide38

EXPECTED BENEFITS FOR EUROPE

FROM THE ERC

ENCOURAGING AND SUPPORTING THE BEST TALENTS

SUPPORT THE BEST IDEAS IN FRONTIER RESEARCH

STATUS AND VISIBILITY OF RESEARCH LEADERS

DYNAMIC STRUCTURAL EFFECTS ON THE EUROPEAN

RESEARCH SYSTEM. COOPERATION IN COMPETITION

MAY NORTURE EUROPEAN SCIENCE BASED INDUSTRY

INVEST QUICKLY INTO THE KNOWLEDGE BASE

PARALLEL NEED TO INVEST INTO THE

RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE (ROADMAP) and

COOPERATIVE ARRANGEMENTS (ERA-NET)

SYNERGY WITH THE OTHER PARTS OF FP7

slide39

MY VISION ON EUROPEAN SCIENCE

CHANCE TO SHAPE, STRUCTURE AND BETTER FUND SCIENCE

IN EUROPE (on all -EU, national and regional- levels)

-structures and institutions evolve rapidly,

-the activity of the newly founded ERC (historical sign.),

-the re-launching of the ERA concept (Green Paper)

-there is a chance to re-visit the EU budget for R&D and the

treaty,

-the renewed activity to stimulate the better use of the

Structural Funds for R&D.

BY PROPERLY ADDRESSING WEAKNESSES AND

EXPLORING STRENGTHS. SUPPORT THE BEST!

slide40

TO CONCLUDE

EUROPE HAS TO SPEED UP IT’S EFFORTS TO STRENGTHEN

THE KNOWLEDGE BASE TO BE MORE COMPETITIVE ON

GLOBAL SCALE,

THE CHANCE TO BE SUCCESSFUL IS THERE,

AN IMPROVED RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE IS ONE OF THE

PRECONDITIONS, HUMAN POTENTIAL THE OTHER (ERC!)

FAST DISSEMINATION OF SCIENTIFIC FINDINGS (OPEN

ACCESS!). JTI!

THERE IS PLENTY OF ROOM TO IMPROVE EFFICIENCY,

THIS CAN BE DONE IF THE NEW INSTRUMENTS (TP-s, ERC)

ARE OPTIMALLY EXPLORED AND THE IDEAS FORMULATED

WITHIN ERA ARE TAKEN SERIOUSLY.

slide41

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES