module viii seeds and sowing n.
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After completing this lesson, you have learned to answer: How do you select a chili pepper hybrid or variety for your locality? What are the chili pepper hybrids or improved varieties recommended for kharif and rabi seasons?

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module viii seeds and sowing

After completing this lesson, you have learned to answer:

    • How do you select a chili pepper hybrid or variety for your locality?
    • What are the chili pepper hybrids or improved varieties recommended for kharif and rabi seasons?
    • How adoption of improved variety helps in chili pepper cultivation?

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

module viii seeds and sowing1

Most of the local tall varieties of chili pepper grown in various states are of long duration (5-7 months) with poor yielding potential.

Local varieties vary in their sensitivity to both temperature and photoperiod.

Improved hybrids and other varieties had yielded about 80-100 percent more than the local tall Cultivars.

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

module viii seeds and sowing2

Selection of chili pepper cultivars depends mainly on the following factors:

          • Method Of Sowing
          • Crop Rotation
          • Pest and Disease
          • Irrigation Facilities
          • Climatic Conditions
  • · 

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

module viii seeds and sowing3

Natural selection and domestication over thousands of years have resulted in the development of numerous varieties highly local in their adaptation.

Most of the improved varieties prior to 1960 are the result of selections among the principle local Cultivars.

Changes in yield levels with these improved verities were not substantial.

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

module viii seeds and sowing4

Research efforts, which began with the development of commercial chili pepper hybrids during 1962, now lay equal emphasis on hybrid as well as on true-breeding varieties.

This is necessary to bring about an eventual transformation.

A choice of hybrids as well as of improved varieties is now available for the different pepper-growing states and situations.

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

module viii seeds and sowing10

Popular chili pepper Cultivars

Bolivian rainbow

C.Annuum

Stunding ornamental pepper plant produces heavy yields of 1 1/2" long by1/2" wide  tear drops shaped hot fruits, multycolor change to fife different colors from purple to yellow  to cream to orange & finaly red.

Origin:Bolivia Item

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

module viii seeds and sowing11

Popular chili pepper Cultivars

ACI SIVRI

C.Annuum

ACI SIVRI - medium; Cayenne Type; 6 to 8 inches long by 0.5 to 0.75 inches wide; medium thin flesh; matures from pale green to red; pendant pods; green leaves; 18 to 24 inches tall; Mid Season; Uses: Drying, Pickling; from Turkey; pods are often curled and twisted.

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

module viii seeds and sowing12

Popular chili pepper Cultivars

AFRICAN PEQUIN

Hot; Pequin/Piquin Type; 0.5 to 0.75 inches long by 0.375 to 0.5 inches wide; thin flesh; matures from green to red; pendant pods; dark green leaves; 24 to 30 inches tall; Very Late Season; Uses: Drying, Prolific; from Africa; C. annuum.

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

module viii seeds and sowing13

Popular chili pepper Cultivars

Tabasco pepper

C. frutescens cultivars,

the tabasco plant has a typical bushy growth, which commercial cultivation makes stronger by trimming the plants. The tapered fruits, around 4 cm long, are initially pale yellowish-green and turn yellow and orange before ripening to bright red

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

module viii seeds and sowing14

Popular chili pepper Cultivars

Naga Jolokiapepper

C. chinense

Jolokiais a naturally-occurring interspecific hybrid from the Assam region of northeastern India. It grows in the Indian states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur, and the Sylhet region of Bangladesh. It can also be found in rural Sri Lanka where it is known as NaiMirris (Cobra Chilli).

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

module viii seeds and sowing15

Popular chili pepper Cultivars

Lemon drop

C. baccatumLemon drop is a hot, citrus-flavored pepper is a popular seasoning pepper in Peru where it is known as KelluUchu. It is also known in the anglophone world as 'Hot lemon' or 'Lemon Drop'. The bright yellow, crinkled, cone-shaped fruits .

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

module viii seeds and sowing16

Popular chili pepper Cultivars

Rocoto pepper

C. pubescens is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family, solanaceae, that is common in Peru, Bolivia, Northern Chile, Northern Argentina, and Ecuador. Its fruit is a medium-sized round chili pepper known as a rocoto

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars