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England in the 1600s. “ when all history happened”. A famous ghost. End of the Elizabethan era. 1601 Shakespeare’s Hamlet 1603 Elizabeth I dies; James I of England and VI of Scotland takes the throne 1605 Gunpowder Plot (Guy Fawkes): failed

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england in the 1600s
England in the 1600s

“ when all history happened”

end of the elizabethan era
End of the Elizabethan era
  • 1601 Shakespeare’s Hamlet
  • 1603 Elizabeth I dies; James I of England and VI
  • of Scotland takes the throne
  • 1605 Gunpowder Plot (Guy Fawkes): failed
  • 1607 Jamestown, first permanent English colony
  • in North America, is settled in Virginia
  • 1616 Death of Shakespeare
  • Throughout the first decades of the 17th century:
  • expansion of the Dutch East India and West India
  • Companies. Access to Markets in Asia and the New World,
  • political involvement, privateering, settling.
timeline highlights
Timeline: Highlights
  • 1619 Dutch East India Company, English East India Company, and
  • Sultanate of Bantenfight over Jayakarta.
  • 1620 The Dutch and the English begin a 3-year period of cooperation
  • over the spice trade; Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock, Mass.
  • 1622 Jamestown Massacre in Virginia; James I dissolves Parliament
  • 1625 Charles I takes the throne; married to a French Catholic princess
  • 1630 Boston founded by Puritans
  • 1636 Harvard University is founded
  • 1642 English Civil War; Charles II against the armies of the English and
  • Scottish parliaments
  • 1649 Charles I executed; beginning of the Interregnum
  • 1652 First coffee house in London
  • 1653 Cromwell becomes Lord Protector; dissolves Parliament in 1655
  • 1656 Diarist Samuel Pepys describes a new drink: “a Cupp of Tee, a China drink”
  • 1658 Death of Cromwell; The Sultan’s Head, a coffee house, advertises the sale of
  • tea
more of the century
More of the century
  • 1660 End of the Commonwealth of England, beginning of the Restoration
  • 1661 Charles II takes the throne
  • 1665-67 Second Anglo-Dutch War; New Amsterdam gained by the English, and
  • renamed to New York
  • 1665 Great Plague of London: 100 000 dead, almost 15% of the population
  • 1666 Isaac Newton discovers gravity; Great Fire of London
  • 1667 John Milton, Paradise Lost
  • 1671 Morgan sacks Panama
  • 1681 William Penn and the Charter for Pennsylvania
  • 1685 James II, last Catholic king, takes the throne; Monmouth’s Rebellion
  • 1688 William III of Orange and Mary II of England assume English throne
  • 1692 Salem witch trials; William and Mary College founded in Virginia
  • 1694 Bank of England established
important births and deaths of the century
Important births and deaths of the century

Locke

  • Christopher Wren, Jan Vermeer, John Locke (b. 1632)
  • Louis XIV (b. 1638)
  • Galileo (d. 1642)
  • Isaac Newton (b. 1642)
  • Rene Descartes (d. 1650)
  • Daniel Defoe (b. 1661)
  • Rembrandt (d. 1669)
  • Rob Roy (b. 1671)
  • Composers Bach and Handel (b. 1685)
  • Descartes
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