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Unit 1, Part 2 The Force of Luck. Click the mouse button or press the space bar to continue. Splash. Unit 1, Part 2. (pages 90–103). Before You Read. Reading the Selection. After You Read. Selection Menu. For pages 90–103.

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Splash

Unit 1, Part 2

The Force of Luck

Click the mouse button or press the space bar to continue

Splash


Selection menu

Unit 1, Part 2

(pages 90–103)

Before You Read

Reading the Selection

After You Read

Selection Menu


Before you read

For pages 90–103

7.6.B Analyze the development of the plot through the internal and external responses of the characters, including their motivations and conflicts.

Before You Read


Before you read1

Meet Rudolfo A. Anaya

Click the picture to learn about the author.

Before You Read


Before you read2

Connect to the Folktale

Think about a time when you won a game, a contest, or a prize. Was your success the result of hard work, or was it luck?

Partner Talk With a partner, talk about whether success comes from a person’s efforts or from luck. Can a person have control over his or her fate?

Before You Read


Before you read3

Build Background

Folktales are stories that have been passed down orally from one generation to another by storytellers. Almost every culture has its own folktales. These tales help reinforce and preserve a culture’s values and traditions. “The Force of Luck” is part of the oral tradition of the Hispanic people who lived in the American Southwest. This story shares common elements with other folktales.

Before You Read


Before you read4

Build Background

  • The story is about ordinary people.

  • The story takes place in a small village sometime in the past.

  • The story features three main events.

Before You Read


Before you read5

prosperousadj. having wealth or good fortune; successful. The prosperous actor lived in a mansion high in the hills.

provisions n. food or supplies. The backpackers carried enough provisions for two weeks in the wilderness.

Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.

Before You Read


Before you read6

novelty n. something new and unusual. For people living in hot climates, snow is a novelty.

benefactors n. people who help, especially by giving money or gifts. With support from several benefactors, the library was able to buy new computers.

Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.

Before You Read


Before you read7

Set Purposes for Reading

As you read, ask yourself, what does this folktale suggest about luck and about relying on oneself?

Before You Read


Before you read8

Set Purposes for Reading

Character

A character is a person in a literary work. If a character is an animal, it displays human traits. A main character is the most important character in a work. A minor character is part of the story but is not the focus of the action. Flat characters reveal only one personality trait. Round characters show varied, and sometimes contradictory, traits.

Before You Read


Before you read9

Set Purposes for Reading

Character

As you read, pay attention to what the characters think about the events in the story. Notice what they say and how they act. Look for changes in the main character.

Before You Read


Before you read10

Set Purposes for Reading

Character

Click the image to view the animation.

Before You Read


Before you read11

Set Purposes for Reading

Analyze Plot

When you analyze, you look at the separate parts of something to understand the whole. When you analyze plot, you look at how the parts of the plot work together as a whole. Recall that a plot has five main parts: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.

Before You Read


Before you read12

Set Purposes for Reading

Analyze Plot

To analyze plot, answer these questions:

  • Who are the characters, and what is the conflict in the story?

  • How do events in the story combine to advance the plot?

Before You Read


Before you read13

Set Purposes for Reading

Analyze Plot

  • What part of the story is most interesting or suspenseful?

  • What happens at the end of the story? How was the reader prepared for the ending by what came before?

Before You Read


Before you read14

Set Purposes for Reading

Analyze Plot

As you read, fill in a graphic organizer like the one below.

Before You Read


Before you read15

Analyze Every story has a plot—including the stories in movies, books, or television programs. Analyze the plot of your favorite movie, book, or television program. With a partner, discuss which events make up the story’s rising action, climax, and resolution.

Set Purposes for Reading

Analyze Plot

Before You Read


Before you read16

Unit 1, Part 2

Before You Read


Reading the selection

CharacterWhat does the miller’s statement tell you about his character?

Answer:The miller accepts his situation. He is responsible with money and is humble.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection1

This depiction of agricultural workers provides visual clues about their lives. What kind of clothes do the workers wear? What do the workers’ clothes say about their lives?

Answer:The workers wear oversized hats and faded clothes with pant legs and sleeves rolled up. The clothes show that the workers do a great deal of physical labor outside in the heat.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection2

Analyze Plot about their lives. What conflict does the miller face?

Answer:The conflict is that the miller does not know what to do with so much money.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection3

Diego Rivera is one of Mexico’s most famous artists. His subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. Which character in the story does the woman in the mural come closest to illustrating?

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection4

Answer: subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. Possible response: The woman in the mural is similar to the miller’s wife.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection5

A subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. hawkis a bird of prey.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection6

Character subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. Describe the miller’s wife.

Answer:The miller’s wife accepts their situation. She has faith that their situation will change someday.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection7

Character subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. Are both the miller and his wife resigned to poverty? Explain.

Answer:Possible answer: The miller copes with poverty by living modestly. His wife seems to hold out hope for change.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection8

Analyze Plot subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. In what way does the man’s action advance the plot? What do you think will happen to the money?

Answer:The additional money advances the plot because the reader wants to know what will happen to the miller and his money. The miller may lose the money again or may become prosperous.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection9

Character subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. What did the miller learn from his last experience with the money?

Answer:The miller learned to be more careful with money by protecting it.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection10

Earthenware subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. is made from clay that is heated until it is hard.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection11

Analyze Plot subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. In what way might the lead affect the events in the story?

Answer:An item of no worth may prove valuable later in the story.

Reading the Selection


Before you read17

Cultural History subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings.

Hispanic Legends Rudolfo Anaya writes about a culture that is rich in legends. The tale of La Llorona, the Weeping Woman, for example, is a well-known ghost story. According to legend, La Llorona haunts rivers and lakes searching for her children. Why do people pass legends down from one generation to another?

Before You Read


Before you read18

Cultural History subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings.

Answer:Possible answer: Passing down legends is a way of keeping a culture and its traditions alive from one generation to the next.

Before You Read


Reading the selection12

Analyze Plot subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. What are some clues that the glass may prove important to the plot?

Answer:The passage mentions that the miller knows nothing about jewels, which suggests that the “glass” is actually a diamond. The glass is so bright and shiny that it must be valuable.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection13

Analyze Plot subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. The miller’s lack of knowledge could lead to more “bad” luck.How would the miller know that the “glass” was actually valuable?

Answer:Possible answers: He could judge from other people’s responses. He could ask a knowledgeable person.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection14

Character subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. What does the jeweler’s wife’s statement tell you about her character?

Answer:The jeweler’s wife knows that the glass is a valuable jewel, and she probably wants to keep it.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection15

Character subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. Does the author find fault with the behavior of the jeweler’s wife, or does the author see her as a good businessperson?

Answer:Possible response: The author indicates that the jeweler’s wife is greedy.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection16

Analyze Plot subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. Why might this event be part of the story’s climax?

Answer:By selling the glass, the miller may find that his life will change dramatically. This is part of the climax because it is the most interesting and suspenseful part of the story.

Reading the Selection


Before you read19

Language History subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings.

Etymology The word mill comes from the Latin root word molere, which means “to grind.” The word meal, which means “coarsely ground seeds,” shares the same Latin root. Why have the words mill and meal developed from the same Latin root?

Answer:They have similar meanings: to mill something is to grind it, and meal is coarsely ground seeds.

Before You Read


Reading the selection17

Whom does the miller count on? subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings.

Answer:The miller is cautious and counts on himself to continue to work hard in case he somehow loses the money.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection18

Analyze Plot subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. How can you tell that the plot has now reached the falling action?

Answer:This part of the story occurs after the climax. These details lead to the story’s resolution.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection19

Character subject matter often deals with life in Mexico, Mexican history, or social problems. Because Rivera believed that art should not be hidden away, he often painted large murals on the walls of public buildings. Why would the man not believe the miller?

Answer:The man who had given money to the miller believes that money makes a man successful. He does not believe in luck.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection20

The eagle image is part of a huge series of murals painted by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people. Why is an eagle an appropriate image for a building devoted to education?

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection21

Analyze Plot by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people. How does the man’s doubt provide a clue to what will happen in the story’s resolution?

Answer:The man’s doubt provides a clue that the miller will show that he is an honest man by discovering the lost money.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection22

Character by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people. How do you think the miller feels about finding the money?

Answer:The miller probably feels happy to have finally proven his honesty.

Reading the Selection


Reading the selection23

Unit 1, by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people. Part 2

Reading the Selection


After you read

Respond and Think Critically by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people.

1. What are the two wealthy men trying to prove? Explain. [Recall]

Answer:They want to prove whether luck or money makes a man prosper.

After You Read


After you read1

Respond and Think Critically by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people.

2. Explain how the miller loses his first gift. [Summarize]

Answer: A hawk grabs the miller’s first $200.

After You Read


After you read2

Respond and Think Critically by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people.

3. What values do you think are promoted by this folktale? Explain. [Infer]

Answer:The miller’s story reinforces the values of hard work, honesty, and kindness to neighbors.

After You Read


After you read3

Respond and Think Critically by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people.

TIP: Inferring

When you infer, you combine clues and details from the text with your own background knowledge. Think about what details and events in the story suggest about the best way to live.

After You Read


After you read4

Respond and Think Critically by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people.

  • What kind of person is the miller?

  • What does he do with the gifts of money? How does he act after the money is lost?

  • What happens as a result of the miller giving the lead to the fisherman’s wife? What lesson about life is the folktale suggesting?

After You Read


After you read5

4. by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people. Character Is the miller a realistic character? Is he a round or flat character? Use details from the story to support your answer. [Evaluate]

Respond and Think Critically

After You Read


After you read6

Respond and Think Critically by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people.

Answer:The miller is realistic because he is poor and hardworking. You may say that his response to losing the money for the second time is unrealistic because he does not get as upset as a real person probably would. The miller is a round character because he has different characteristics. He is generous and hardworking, but he gets angry when he loses the money and becomes suspicious of some of his neighbors.

After You Read


After you read7

5. by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people. Analyze Plot Review the plot diagram you created as you read. List at least two events that make up the story’s rising action. Then provide at least two events that make up the story’s falling action. [Analyze]

Respond and Think Critically

After You Read


After you read8

Respond and Think Critically by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people.

Answer:The rising action includes the first and second gifts of money, its loss, the gift of lead, and the discovery of the piece of glass. The falling action includes the miller’s decision to start his own business, his success, and his discovery of the lost money.

After You Read


After you read9

6. by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people. Think about events and details from the folktale. Whom or what does the miller count on? [Conclude]

Respond and Think Critically

After You Read


After you read10

Respond and Think Critically by Diego Rivera, beginning in 1923. Rivera painted the murals on the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City. Rivera’s murals depicted not only Mexico’s agriculture and industry, but also the art and culture of the Mexican people.

Answer:Possible responses: You might say that the miller can count on luck. He was lucky to meet the two wealthy men. to receive the piece of lead, and to find the diamond. Others may say that the miller counts on himself. He wisely used the money from the diamond to establish a business.

After You Read


After you read11

On a separate sheet of paper, write the vocabulary word that correctly completes each sentence. If none of the words fits the sentence, write none.

After You Read


After you read12

prosperous novelty provisions benefactors correctly completes each sentence. If none of the words fits the sentence, write

1. We filled our cupboards with the necessary ___________ to prepare for the coming storm.

2. My neighbor ___________ reality television shows.

provisions

none

After You Read


After you read13

prosperous novelty provisions benefactors correctly completes each sentence. If none of the words fits the sentence, write

3. The animal shelter’s ___________ gave money, purchased supplies, and helped find homes for pets.

4. Amy was determined to be ___________, so she worked hard and saved her earnings.

5. Within a few days, Juan’s new unicycle was no longer a __________.

benefactors

prosperous

novelty

After You Read


After you read14

Write a Summary correctly completes each sentence. If none of the words fits the sentence, write Writing a summary involves retelling the main ideas and most important details. Use your plot diagram and review the story to recall key events in “The Force of Luck.” Then write a brief summary of the folktale.

After You Read


After you read15

Unit 1, correctly completes each sentence. If none of the words fits the sentence, write Part 2

After You Read



Bellringer transparency

Unit 1, penny, lucky? Part 2

Mike entered the Harrison Community Center for his first 4-H Club meeting.

In a noisy meeting room, he found club members from all over Boone County.

Everyone was busily filling out entry forms for the Iowa State Fair.

Bellringer Transparency


Bellringer transparency1

Unit 1, penny, lucky? Part 2

Between two houses on our street, broken glass and litter covered an empty lot.

With a couple of free hours, I started to clean it up.

Before too long and without being asked, six other people joined me.

Bellringer Transparency


Bellringer transparency2

Unit 1, penny, lucky? Part 2

Nathan and I traded papers when the teacher told him and me to check each other’s sentence variety.

We students have to do that kind of thing often, but we don’t mind.

Bellringer Transparency


What did the miller do with the first two hundred dollars that the men give to him
What did the miller do with the first two hundred dollars that the men give to him?

  • He bought a piece of meat and some supplies.

  • He gave it to a hawk.

  • He gambled with it.

  • He hid it in a jar of bran.


Where did the miller hide the second two hundred dollars that the men give to him
Where did the miller hide the second two hundred dollars that the men give to him?

  • in a pouch that is later stolen by a hawk

  • in a jar of bran

  • in the sea

  • under a table


How much money did the jeweler give the miller for his diamond
How much money did the jeweler give the miller for his diamond?

  • two hundred dollars

  • four hundred dollars

  • fifty dollars

  • one hundred thousand dollars


What did the miller do with the money he receives for the diamond
What did the miller do with the money he receives for the diamond?

  • He built his own mill and a vacation home for his family.

  • He repaid the two men who gave him money to settle their argument.

  • He treated the jeweler and his wife to a grand feast.

  • He gave it to the poor.


Where did the miller and his friends find the money stolen by the hawk
Where did the miller and his friends find the money stolen by the hawk?

  • in a jar of bran

  • in the stables of the miller’s vacation home

  • in the stomach of a giant fish

  • in a nest at the top of a tall pine tree


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