Meghan Lafferty September 11, 2006 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Meghan Lafferty September 11, 2006

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  1. Meghan LaffertySeptember 11, 2006 Brief introduction to materials science for the information professional

  2. MY AGENDA • What is materials science? • General trends in research • Resources in materials science

  3. EARLY MATERIALS SCIENCE http://www.unisa.ac.za/default.asp?Cmd=ViewContent&ContentID=14960

  4. MATERIALS SCIENCE IS… • Relevant to our lives everyday • Travel • Airplanes • Cars • Communication • Cell phones • Laptops • Home • Silicone kitchen tools • Watches • And our future • Energy!

  5. MATERIALS SCIENCE IS… • Highly interdisciplinary • Chemistry • Physics • Electrical and computer engineering • Mechanical engineering • Chemical engineering and materials science • Orthopedics • Aerospace engineering • Civil engineering • And more…

  6. A LITTLE HISTORY http://www.iom3.org/divisions/mpem/contents.htm

  7. PARADIGM OF MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING Committee on Materials Science and Engineering, Solid State Sciences Committee, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources, and National Materials Advisory Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Resource Council. (1989). Materials science and engineering for the 1990s: maintaining competitiveness in the age of materials. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Retrieved September 5, 2006, from http://www.nap.edu/books/0309039282/html/index.html

  8. MAJOR CATEGORIES OF MATERIALS 1. http://www.scrap-metal-recovery.co.uk/customers.php 2. http://amweb.free.fr/andart/fr/txt/17_portug.htm 3. http://peeron.com/inv/sets/8593-1?showpic=333 4. http://www.microphotonics.com/labthickness.html 5. http://discount-sporting-goods-superstore.ishoproute.com/1506.html

  9. INCREASE IN STRENGTH TO DENSITY RATIO OF MATERIALS OVER TIME Committee on Materials Science and Engineering, Solid State Sciences Committee, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources, and National Materials Advisory Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Resource Council. (1989). Materials science and engineering for the 1990s: maintaining competitiveness in the age of materials. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Retrieved September 5, 2006, from http://www.nap.edu/books/0309039282/html/index.html

  10. MAJOR TRENDS • Biomaterials & biocompatible materials • Energy • Self-assembled materials • Nanomaterials

  11. BIOMATERIALS & BIOCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS • Drug delivery devices • Replacement parts • Hearts • Joints • Regeneration of tissues • Blood • Bone • Skin

  12. ENERGY • Recognition of problems with fossil fuels • Environmental effects • Dwindling supply and increasing costs • Two aspects of particular interest • Fuel cells • Solar cells

  13. FUEL CELLS • Continuously fueled electrochemical devices • Fuel (hydrogen or hydrocarbons) in anode • Oxygen in cathode • Output – electrical energy • Important to “hydrogen economy”

  14. SOLAR CELLS • AKA photovoltaics • More environmentally friendly • First generation • Silicon wafers • Second generation • Thin film technologies • Third generation • Hot carriers • Multiple electron-hole pair creation • Thermophotonics • Organic-based photovoltaics

  15. SELF-ASSEMBLED MATERIALS & NANOMATERIALS • Self-assembled materials • Allows greater control of structure • Of interest for many different kinds of materials • Nanomaterials • Broad appeal • Numerous applications make use • Biomaterials • Drug or iron delivery in bloodstream • Fuel cells • Increasing surface area of catalysts • Semiconductors

  16. RESOURCES FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE • General • Materials science • Other disciplines • For specific types of materials • Ceramics • Metals • Nanomaterials • Polymers • Semiconductors

  17. HANDBOOKS AND ENCYCLOPEDIAS 1. http://www.monitor-data.com/books/0849326966.html 2. http://maruzen.jp/cgi-bin/mis?Cgifrom=m2-ezy-03&MBN=0159884 3. http://www.ybp.com/ereference/science_direct/matl_sci_tech.htm

  18. INTERNET SOURCES www.matweb.com

  19. SEARCH OPTIONS IN MATWEB

  20. NIST MATERIALS RESOURCES http://www.nist.gov/srd/materials.htm

  21. CENTER FOR INFORMATION & NUMERICAL DATA ANALYSIS & SYNTHESIS (CINDAS) • Purdue University • Microelectronics Packaging Materials Database • Thermophysical Properties of Matter Database • Licensed through CSA (Cambridge Scientific Abstracts)

  22. DATABASES • CSA Materials Research Database with METADEX • Aluminium Industry Abstracts • Ceramic Abstracts/World Ceramics Abstracts • Copper Data Center Database • Corrosion Abstracts • Engineered Materials Abstracts • Materials Business File • METADEX • WELDASEARCH • Can search separately

  23. OLD FAVORITES 1. http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-103461.html 2. http://www.ippbooks.com/store/product.php?productid=17844 3. http://www.samfundslitteratur.dk/shop/books/publisher.do?action=publisher&id=18567

  24. CORNUCOPIA OF ENGINEERING HANDBOOKS http://www.knovel.com/knovel2/library/default.jsp

  25. SAMPLE SEARCH IN KNOVEL

  26. EVEN MORE ENGINEERING HANDBOOKS

  27. COMPENDEX

  28. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LITERATURE • Literature relevant to applications of interest • Semiconductors – EE literature • IEEE Xplore • Journals and magazines • Conference proceedings • Standards • Books

  29. RESOURCES FOR SPECIFIC MATERIALS • Ceramics • Metals • Nanomaterials • Polymers

  30. CERAMICS http://www.ceramics.nist.gov/webbook/webbook.htm

  31. STRUCTURAL CERAMICS DATABASE http://www.ceramics.nist.gov/srd/scd/scdquery.htm

  32. METALS: PROPERTY DATA

  33. NANOMATERIALS

  34. POLYMERS: ENCYCLOPEDIAS 1. http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0471800503?v=glance 2. http://www.book-info.com/isbn/0-471-28824-1.htm?ID=405f71c1fc95beee53aa9a917b83ca14

  35. POLYMERS: PROPERTY DATA

  36. POLYMERS: PROPERTY DATA

  37. Any questions?