Chapter 5
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Chapter 5. Cadences and Nonharmonic Tones. Nonharmonic Tones. Nonharmonic tones are pitches that sound along with a chord but are not chord pitches. Pitches are dissonant Occur in a pattern of three pitches: 1 Preceding tone (chord tone) 2 Nonharmonic tone (not a chord tone)

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Chapter 5

Chapter 5

Cadences and Nonharmonic Tones


Nonharmonic tones
Nonharmonic Tones

  • Nonharmonic tones are pitches that sound along with a chord but are not chord pitches.

  • Pitches are dissonant

  • Occur in a pattern of three pitches:

    • 1 Preceding tone (chord tone)

    • 2 Nonharmonic tone (not a chord tone)

    • 3 Following tone (chord tone)


Nonharmonic tones1
Nonharmonic Tones

  • Passing Tone (PT)

  • Neighboring Tone (NT)

  • Escape Tone (ET)

  • Anticipation (ANT)

  • Suspension (SUS)

  • Retardation (RE)

  • Appoggiatura (APP)

  • Changing Tone (CT)

  • Pedal Tone (PED)


Unaccented nht
Unaccented NHT

  • Unaccented nonharmonic tones are nonharmonic tones that occur off the beat

  • Consist of passing tone, neighboring tone, escape tone, and anticipation


Unaccented nht1
Unaccented NHT

  • Passing Tone

    • Approach by a step, depart by a step in the same direction


Unaccented nht2
Unaccented NHT

  • Neighboring Tone

    • Approach by a step, depart by a step in the opposite direction


Unaccented nht3
Unaccented NHT

  • Escape Tone

    • Only occur as unaccented nht

    • Approach by a step upward, depart by a skip down by a third


Unaccented nht4
Unaccented NHT

  • Anticipation

    • Only occur as unaccented nht

    • Approach by step, depart by the same tone


Accented nht
Accented NHT

  • Accented nonharmonic tones are nonharmonic tones that occur on the beat

  • Consist of passing tone, neighboring tone, suspension, retardation, and appoggiatura


Accented nht1
Accented NHT

  • Passing Tone

    • Approach by a step, depart by a step in the same direction


Accented nht2
Accented NHT

  • Suspension

    • One note carries over into the next chord, resolves downward

    • Melodic pattern is always as follows: the preparation, the suspension, the resolution

    • The suspended tone (the middle tone) is always dissonant

    • Suspensions are designated numerically by the interval forming the suspended tone and resolution with the lowest sounding voice


Accented nht3
Accented NHT

  • Suspension


Accented nht4
Accented NHT

  • Retardation

    • Similar to a suspension, except it resolves upward instead of downward


Accented nht5
Accented NHT

  • Appoggiatura

    • Approach by a skip, depart by a step in the opposite direction


Nht with three or more pitches
NHT with three or more pitches

  • Successive passing tones

  • Changing tones

  • Pedal tone


Nht with three or more pitches1
NHT with three or more pitches

  • Succesive passing tones

    • Two passing tones occasionally fill in a fourth

    • Can be accented, unaccented, or a combination of both


Nht with three or more pitches2
NHT with three or more pitches

  • Changing tones

    • Consist of two successive nht’s.

    • Leads by a step from the chord tone, skips to another nht, and then leads by a step to a chord (often the same chord tone)


Nht with three or more pitches3
NHT with three or more pitches

  • Pedal tone

    • A held or repeated note

    • Usually in the lowest voice

    • Alternates between consonance and dissonance with the chord structures above it