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Trusted communities open educational resources for global collaboration
Trusted Communities – Open Educational Resources for Global Collaboration

Prof. Dr. Jan M. Pawlowski

CCLT, 05.08.2010

Licensing creative commons
Licensing: Creative Commons Global Collaboration

You are free:

to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the work

to Remix — to adapt the work

Under the following conditions:

Attribution. You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).

Noncommercial. You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

Share Alike. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one.

Jyv skyl finland
…Jyväskylä, Finland… Global Collaboration

Source: [,]

Global information systems university of jyv skyl jyu the team
Global Information Systems, University of Jyväskylä (JYU) Global Collaboration - The Team

Anicet Yalaho, Ph.D.

Philipp Holtkamp

Kati Clements

Denis Kozlov

Kirsi Syynimaa

Mirja Pulkkinen, Ph.D.

Marjo Halmiala

Henri Pirkkalainen

My background

  • Ph.D. Business Information Systems, University of Essen

  • Habilitation “Quality Management / Integration of Knowledge Management and E-Learning”

  • Professor in “Global Information Systems”

  • Chair CEN/ISSS Workshop Learning Technologies

  • ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 Project Editor

Jan M. Pawlowski

Jyu global information systems
JYU: Global Information Systems Global Collaboration

Focus areas

  • Global Information Systems

  • Supporting globally distributed workgroups

  • Open Educational Resources

  • Reference Modeling

  • E-Learning

  • Supporting international education settings

  • Cultural adaptation

  • Standardization & Quality Management

  • Mobile & Ambient Learning

  • Innovative tools and solutions


  • OpenScout: OER for Management

  • NORDLET: Nordic Baltic Network for Learning, Education and Training

  • COSMOS, Open Science Resources: Exchange of Scientific Content

  • ASPECT: Open Content and standards for schools

  • iCOPER: New standards for educational technologies

  • LaProf: Language learning in ICT and agriculture

Contents Global Collaboration

Barriers of OER use

Case Study Results: How does it work in the real life in Finland?

Recommdation Systems in the Future: Building yournetworks

Open educational resources
Open Educational Resources… Global Collaboration

Social networks solis
Social Networks (Solis) Global Collaboration

Source: B.D. Solis:

Sample contents
Sample contents Global Collaboration

  • Mace Project (technology base)


  • ITunes University


  • OpenLearn (Open University UK)


  • Globe Network (Federation)


  • Ariadne Foundation (Europe)


The starting point
The starting point… Global Collaboration

  • Waste amount of content is available in repositories, a large number of experts and users are active in social networks

  • Great potentials for collaboration, sharing and social innovation

So why doesn t it work in education
So, why doesn’t it work in Education? Global Collaboration

  • Potentials & needs

    • Education budget

    • Focus on new stuff

    • Cooperation and synergies

    • Skills in the use of ICT and tools

    • Enormous resource pools

  • Barriers

    • “not invented here”

    • “Education is something special!”

    • “I have no time”

    • Googling might not be enough

    • Complex tools

    • Curriculum integration

    • Insecurities

The solution finding resources

Preparing a new course – finding appropriate materials for re-use

The solution? Finding resources!

Usefulness? Quality? Rights?

The solution finding people

Preparing a new course – finding appropriate materials for re-use

The solution? Finding people!


Our study
Our study re-use

  • What do we need to form a community of practice?

  • What are problems which can occur when using Open Content?

Finnish teachers vs european teachers

36 re-useteachers in Central Finland

44 teachers around Europe (Belgium, Romania, Lithuania, Portugal)

Teachers were from the fields of IT, Maths and Science

Finnish teachers vs. European teachers

Experiences from our case study sharing of materials made by others
Experiences from our Case Study: re-useSharing of materials made by others

Conclusion: Finnish teachers are more willing to use

materials made by others than European teachers

Sharing who would you give your materials to
Sharing: Who would you give your materials to? re-use

Conclusion: Finnish teachers are less willing to give

materials to others than European teachers

But… re-use

  • Overall, the willingness to share materials with other teachers is high

  • How far the teachers sharing materials from each other are – doesn’t seem to matter!

  • In our world in 2010: Physical distance to a colleague does not affect trust???

Usefulness parameters

Content re-use




Didactical setting










Usefulness: Parameters


Collaboration network construction

First degree trusted network re-use

Topic / ContextA

Topic / ContextB

Second degree trusted network

Collaboration network construction

  • Efficient network organization is the key to success

  • Tools are needed to facilitate the process

  • Open Issues:

    • Factors?

    • Organization?

    • The right network?

Building collaboration networks
Building collaboration networks re-use

  • Building networks of colleagues

    • By topic

    • By trust

    • By proximity

  • Manually…or automatically…

  • Using collaboration networks

    • Social networks

    • International communities

  • Collaboration competency as the key success factor for future teaching!

Predictions re-use

  • Strong worldwide networks will be built (e.g. GLOBE Initiative)

  • Trusted communities should be established, e.g., initiatives between partner countries with similar or mutually beneficial backgrounds (Chile – Finland?)

  • No one fits all (facebook-alike) community but sub networks

  • Starting point: The large social business & leisure networks as well as special interest sites

Predictions re-use

  • Organized by location, interest and trust-levels

  • No more than 3 networks

  • Connections to various open content sources

  • Integration of tools & support

Challenges re-use

  • Internationalization strategies and tools in global, in particular north-south cooperations

  • Business models: Add-on services and commercialization strategies

  • Trust awareness and specification mechanisms

  • Getting started…

European initiatives nordlet
European Initiatives: NORDLET re-use

  • A Nordic Baltic cooperation for Open Education

  • Working in a region with great potentials for open education

    • Tradition of education as part of the society

    • Flexible and rapid educational changes

  • Can we work cooperatively towards open education?

European initiatives nordlet1
European Initiatives: re-useNORDLET

  • Content space: Access to Baltic Nordic resources

  • Starting point for collaboration

  • Discussion and debate: Focus topics

  • Regional events

  • Clustering conference

  • Links to social networks: facebook, …

NORDLET re-use

European initiatives openscout

Search re-use



Re-use / adapt

Validate solution


European Initiatives: OpenScout

Continuous learning in management …

  • Development of management skills essential

  • Growing need for learning materials

    • Diverse topics, up-to-date, high-quality, inexpensive

    • Easy to access, skill-specific, adaptable, re-usable

  • Open educational management content available, but many usage barriers

    … utilizing openly accessible learning materials

  • Easy-to-use web services to access open content

  • Support all phases of using open learning materials

Openscout consortium
OpenScout Consortium re-use

authoring, adaptation

content federation

industrial learning technology, content connectors

skill & competence services

user community

reference scenarios, evaluation

Join our networks
Join re-useour networks…

  • Work on shared teaching and development

  • Use, add, discuss contents

  • Find people and materials

  • Develop the idea of open education

Contact us
Contact us… re-use

Prof. Dr. Jan M. Pawlowski

[email protected]

GLIS on the web…