Leadership: Styles and Behaviors. Chapter 14. Leadership. The use of power and influence to direct the activities of followers toward goal achievement. Leadership Styles. Is there likely to be one best style? What factors might impact the appropriateness of the various styles?.
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Leadership:Styles andBehaviors • Chapter 14
Leadership • The use of power and influence to direct the activities of followers toward goal achievement
Leadership Styles • Is there likely to be one best style? • What factors might impact the appropriateness of the various styles?
Time-Sensitive Model • Scientific support: • In one study, following the model resulted in effective decisions 68% of the time. Not following the model resulted in effective decisions 22% of the time. • Leaders’ instincts usually violate the model • Leaders overuse consultative styles and underutilize autocratic and facilitative
Day-to-Day Behaviors • There are two broad dimensions that encompass day-to-day leadership behaviors • Initiating Structure • Defining and structuring the roles of employees for goal attainment • Consideration • Creating job relationships characterized by mutual trust, respect, and consideration of employees’ feelings
Something Is Missing • Think about the most effective leaders you can name • Do the leader behaviors and styles discussed thus far capture what it was that made these leaders so effective? • So what’s missing?
Transformational Leadership • A pattern of behaviors that inspires followers to commit to a shared vision that provides meaning to their work and sets the leader up as a role model who helps followers reach their potential • It is most often contrasted with so-called “transactional leadership,” which is built around exchanges of rewards and punishments, or “laissez-faire” leadership, which is the absence of action
Transformational Leadership • Idealized influence (charisma) • Inspirational motivation • Intellectual stimulation • Individualized consideration (coaching)
Transformational Leadership • OB on Screen: The King’s Speech • What kinds of transformational statements are typically given by national leaders in times of war?