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Chapter 34. Kristen Lemes Kaela Fennell-Chin. Objectives. What are the characteristics of postwar Japan in terms of economic and political growth? Struggle between north and south (U.S. versus the Soviet) over Korea leading to the Korean War

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chapter 34

Chapter 34

Kristen Lemes

Kaela Fennell-Chin

objectives
Objectives
  • What are the characteristics of postwar Japan in terms of economic and political growth?
  • Struggle between north and south (U.S. versus the Soviet) over Korea leading to the Korean War
  • China’s emerging Communist power and its social, political, and economic effects
  • South Korea’s economic growth
slide4
Vietnam struggle between North and South
  • French dominance in Vietnam: puppet emperors
  • Communism prevalence in China, Vietnam, and North Korea
  • Tension between Japanese identity and Western influence
  • Mao’s Communist movements in China
  • Japan’s military forces shrinking after WWII because of U.S. protection
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Liberal Democratic Party
  • Pacific Rim
  • Taiwan
  • Cultural Revolution
  • Republic of South Korea
  • Great Leap Forward
more vocabulary
More Vocabulary
  • People’s Democratic Republic of Korea
  • Korean War
  • People’s Republic of China
  • Party cadres
  • People’s Liberation Army
more vocabulary1
More Vocabulary
  • Pragmatists
  • Gang of Four
  • Tayson Rebellion
  • Vietnamese Nationalist party
  • Communist party of Vietnam
china
China
  • Social
    • Social classes and class

structures

    • Traditional China vs.

Communist China

    • Women gained some freedom
    • Students/Intellectuals change allegiance to Communism
    • No civil war
    • Population increase
china1
China
  • Political
    • Chinese communists expelled Chiang regime
    • Party Cadres/ People’s Liberation Army
    • Mao
      • Pragmatic social/ political reform
      • Collectivization
      • Great Leap Forward/ Cultural Revolution
china2
China
  • Political(Continued)
    • Introduction of birth control programs
    • War with Japan
    • Mao committed to liberation of women
    • Mao’s death
      • Pragmatists opened China to Western influences
      • Stressed secular/social harmony rather than religious
china3
China
  • Political
    • Wars strengthened Communists
    • Extended control over North China
  • Interaction
    • Invaded Hong Kong
    • Invaded by Japan
    • Intervened in Korean War
china4
China
  • Cultural
    • Traditional order in ruins
    • Less concentrated on religion : Confucianism
      • Secular and social harmony
  • Economics
    • Worst famine from growing population
vietnam
Vietnam
  • Social
    • Communism
    • Social classes
    • Women gained new legal right
      • Like in China
    • Western educated middle class
      • Worked in government and private careers
vietnam1
Vietnam
  • Political
    • Confucian emperor
    • Conservatives committed to Confucianism
    • French missionaries = Catholicism
    • Vietnam War
      • Superpowers intervene in many civil war
      • Want independence
      • US tries to help
      • Then Vietnam becomes Communist
vietnam2
Vietnam
  • Political
    • Vietnamese National Party (VNQDD)
      • Educated middle class
      • Communists in control
    • Viet Minh (based in Southern China)
      • Communist dominated resistance
      • Fought Japanese
      • Proclaimed independence
vietnam3
Vietnam
  • Political
    • Viet Cong (South)
      • Communists resistance in the South
      • Supported by US
    • Colonial war ended with French defeat
  • Economics
    • Major rice producer
taiwan
Taiwan
  • Social
    • Part of the Pacific Rim
  • Political
    • Chinese government
    • Conservative and stable nation
    • Supported by US
    • The Republic of China
    • Government remained stable
taiwan1
Taiwan
  • Interaction
    • Built important regional contacts
    • Joined global textile trade
  • Cultural
    • Education increased/ more traditional societies
    • Traditional medical + Western influences
taiwan2
Taiwan
  • Economics
    • Economic modernization
    • Achieved economic prosperity
    • Agricultural/Industrial production increased
    • Money into education
singapore
Singapore
  • Social
    • Traditional societies
  • Political
    • Formerly owned by British
    • Developed into a vigorous free port and gained independence
    • Stable nation
    • Developed similar to Taiwan
    • Authoritarian rule suppressed opposition movements
singapore1
Singapore
  • Cultural
    • Blended Western and traditional ideas
  • Economics
    • Fourth largest port
    • Successful economic development
    • Manufacturing and banking
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